CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND BANK PERFORMANCE OF ISLAMIC AND COMMERCIAL IN YEMEN
Keywords:Capital Structure, Performance, Total Debt, LAR, EAR, ROE, ROA, EPS
This study aims to examine the impact of capital structure on bank performance. This research verified the existence of several relationships between capital structure as measured by LAR, EAR, and Total Debt ratio on bank’s performance as measured by ROA and ROE, EPS, and NPM. Using the panel data of bank from 2010 to 2019, In Islamic banks , the results of the present study revealed that the contributions of the capital structure to ROA were significant. This result was in line with the findings of the past studies. For instance, El-Chaarani and El-Abiad (2019) found that positive and significant impacts of short-term debt and total debt on the return on equity of the banking sector in Middle East region, a negative and significant impacts of short-term debt and total debt on the return on assets, and a positive impact of long-term debt on the return on assets ratio. In commercial banks sector the regression analysis revealed that the contributions of the three independent variables to the EPS were non-significant. Also, the contributions of the total debt and LAR to the independent variables ROE were significant. In contrast, the contribution of the EAR to the independent variable ROE was non-significant. Moreover, the contribution of the LAR to NPM was significant. Also, the contributions of the EAR and the total debt to NPM were non-significant. Furthermore, the contributions of the LAR and EAR to ROA were significant. In contrast, the contribution of the total debt to ROA was non-significant. In general, the contributions of the LAR and EAR to ROA were significant.
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