STATISTICAL DATA FOR CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING FROM 2016 – 2020 AND AMBULATORY AND DISPENSARY MORBIDITY FROM 2011 – 2020 FOR KOCANI, VINICA, BEROVO, PEHCEVO AND DELCEVO
Keywords:Cervix, Cancer, HPV, Screening, Prevention
Each year, more than half a million women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, resulting in about 300,000 deaths a year. In Macedonia cervical cancer is second most common according to the prevalence of malignant neoplasms in women. The most common and most studied cause is Human Papillomavirus (HPV). For the research were used statistical materials obtained from Center for Public Health – Kocani and State Statistical Office of R. Northern Macedonia. For the collected data from the organized screening on the territory of Kocani, Vinica, Berovo, Pehchevo and Delchevo for the period 2016-2020, as well as reported outpatient polyclinic morbidity for the same territory in a period of 10 years, ie from 2011 – 2020, was used statistical method. Screening with Pap smear is the best method to decrease the number of cervical cancer diseased and decrease mortality. Preliminary results from new immunotherapy approaches show promising results for overall survival. The main purpose of this research is to point out the importance of regular examinations and screening for early detection of cervical changes, prevention of invasive forms of cancer, and timely treatment.
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