MORINGA: ALTERNATIVE FOR THE FOOD SECURITY, CLIMATE RESILIENCE AND LIVELIHOOD IMPROVEMENT IN NEPAL
Keywords:Climate Change, Food Security, Livelihood, Moringa, Nutrition, Resilient
Moringa oleifera L. is indigenous to northern foothills which includes Northern India, Pakistan and Nepal and genetic diversity is especially available in the Tarai region of Nepal including northern India. It's well climate stress adaptive nature, easy propagation, less input and intercultural operation requirement has proven to be boon in many ways. As it is the economical and reliable alternative for good nutrition, medicinal use, animal feed and fodder, plant supplement and soil reclamation, it can be touted as a miracle plant. Diverse form and edible utility of Moringa, helps for food and nutritional security for present and future. Likewise, carbon sinking attribute of its soft wood can be pivotal for curbing global warming and climate change. Moringa can thus help to create a well-nourished, healthy individual with happy family engaged in agriculture and agro-forestry blessed with good return and livelihood improvement. This review provides a brief overview about multipurpose use of Moringa and its implication to curb impacts on climate change, ensure food and nutrition security and sustain livelihood.
Adiaha MS, 2017. Petential of Moringa oleifera as nutrient–agent for biofertilizer production. World News of Natural Sciences, pp. 101-104.
Agbogidi O &Llondu E, 2012. Moringa oleifera Lam: its potentials as a food Moringaoleifera Lam: its potentials as a food. J Bio Innov, p. 1: 156–167.
Arora DS, Onsare JG & Kaur H. 2013. Bioprospecting of Moringa (Moringaceae): Microbiological perspective. J pharmacogandphytochem, pp. 1: 193-215.
Asagwara JO. &Emeribe E. 2017. Soil Application of Moringa Leaf Extract on Root Development and Root Exudates of Soybean (Glycine max L.). International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, pp. Volume 6, Issue 2.
CBS. 2011. Cenral Bureau of Statistics of Nepal, Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretariat.
Chinma CE, Abu JO &Akoma JN. 2012. Effect of germinated Moringa and Tigernut flour blends on the quality of wheat-based bread.Journal of food processing and preservation. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.12023
Chukwuebuka E. 2015. Moringaoleifera“The Mother’s Best Friend”. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, pp. Vol: 4, No: 6, Page:624-630.
Culver M, Fanuel T &Chiteka AZ. 2012. Effect of Moringa extract on growth and yield of tomato. Greener Journal of Agricultural Science, pp. 207-211.
Daba M. 2016. Miracle Tree: A Review on Multi-purposes of Moringa oleifera and Its Implication for Climate Change Mitigation. Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change, p. 7:366.
Dawit S, Regassa T, Mezgebu S &Mekonnen D. 2016. Evaluation of two Moringa species for adaptability and growth performance under Bako conditions. J Natural Sciences Research, pp. 6: 76-82.
Fahey J. 2005. Moringa oleifera: A review of the medical evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic and prophylactic properties. Trees for Life Journal, p. 1: 5.
FAO. 1996. Rome declaration on world food security and world food. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations.
FAO. 2018. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World: Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of United nations.
Farooq A, Latif S, Ashraf M. &Gilani AH. 2006. Moringa oleifera: A Food Plant with Multiple Medicinal Uses, 21:17-25: Phytother.Res. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2023
FNAEC. 2017. Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2016. Flora of North America North of Mexico. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx flora_id1
Fuglie LJ. 1999. The Miracle Tree: Moringa oleifera : Natural Nutrient for the Tropics. Dakar: Church World Service.
Gakuya DW, Mbuya PN, Kavoi B &Kiama SG. 2014. Effect of supplementation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal in broiler-chicken feed. International Journal of Poultry Science, pp. 208-213.
Gedefaw M. 2015. Environmental and Medicinal value analysis of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) tree species in Sanja, North Gondar, Ethiopia. AIJCSR-480, pp. 2: 20-35.
Koul B &Chawe N. 2015. Moringa oleifera Lam.: Panacea to several maladies. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, pp. 7:687-707.
Kumari P, Sharma P, Srivastava S & Srivastava M. 2006. Biosorption studies on shelled Moringa oleifera Lamarck seed powder: Removal and recovery of arsenic from aqueous system. Int. J. Miner. Process, pp. 78, 131–139.
Leone A, Spada A, Battezzati A, Schiraldi A, Aristil J & Bertoli S (2015). Cultivation, Genetic, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Moringa oleifera Leaves: An Overview. International journal of molecular sciences, 16(6), 12791–12835.
doi:10.3390/ijms160612791 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160612791
Nikkon, F, Saud ZA, Rahman MH &Haque ME. 2003. In vitro antimicrobial activity of the compound isolated from chloroform extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., pp. 6: 1888-1890.
Nouman W et al. 2014. Potential of Moringa oleifera L. as livestock fodder crop: A review. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, pp. 8(1):1-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3906/tar-1211-66
Oyeyinka AT &Oyeyinka SA. 2016. Moringa oleifera as a food fortificant: Recent trends and prospects. Journal of Saudi Society of Agricultural Science, pp. 127-136.
Paliwal R, Sharma V &Pracheta .2011. A Review on Horse Radish Tree (Moringa oleifera): A Multipurpose Tree with High Economic and Commercial Importance. Asian J. of Biotech, Vol.3(4) pp317-328 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajbkr.2011.317.328
Popoola J &Obembe O. 2013. Local knowledge, use pattern and geographical distribution of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) in Nigeria. J. of Ethnopharma, pp. 150:682-691. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.09.043
Ramachandran C, Peter KV. And Gopalakrishnan PK. 1980. Drumstick (Moringa oleifera): A multipurpose lndian vegetable. Economic Botany 34:276-283 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02858648
R&D Innovative Solution Pvt. Ltd. 2015. Krishak ra Prabidhi. edition 7, pg 10
Retrieved from www.agrinepal.com.np
Razis AFA, Ibrahim MD &Kntayya SB. 2014. Health Benefits of Moringaoleifera. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, pp. 15(20):8571-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8571
Saini R et al. 2014. Dietary iron supplements and Moringaoleifera leaves influence the liver hepcidinmessenger RNA expression and biochemical indices of iron status in rats. NutrRes, p. 34: 630–638.
Sajidu S, Henry E, Kwamdera G &Mataka L. 2006. Removal of lead, iron and cadmium ions by means of polyelectrolytes of the Moringa oleifera whole seed kernel. WIT Trans. Ecol. Environ, pp. 80, 1–8.
Sarwatt SV, Kapange SS &Kakengi A. 2002. Substituting sunflower seed-cake with Moringa oleifera leaves as a supplemental goat feed in Tanzania. Agroforestry Systems, pp. Vol 56(3), Page 241.
Sidhhuraju P & Becker K. 2003. Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agro-climatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.). J Agri Food Chem, p. 15: 2144–2155.
Sinha RK et al. 2009. Bioremediation of contaminated sites: a low-cost nature’s biotechnology for environmental clean up by versatile microbes, plants & earthworms. In: solid waste management and environmental remediation. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Smit B et al. 2001. Adaptation to climate change in the context of sustainable development and equity: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Suchada J, Supawan B &Thanapat S. 2010. Nutrients and Minerals Content of Eleven Different Samples of MoringaOleifera Cultivated in Thialand. J Health RES, p. 24: 123–127.
Thanaa S, Kassim NE, AbouRayya MS &Abdalla AM. 2017. Influence of Foliar Application with Moringa (Moringaoleifera L.) Leaf Extract on Yield and Fruit Quality of Hollywood Plum Cultivar. Journal of Horticulture, p. 4:193.
USDA.2019. Natural Resource Conservation Service. Retrieved from United State Department of Agriculture: https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid MOOL
Villafuerte LR &Villafurte-Abonal L. 2009. Data taken from the Forestry Agency. MalunggayPhillippines, Apples of Gold Publishing, p. P 240.
Yasmeen A, Basra S, Ahmad R & Wahid A. 2012. Performance of late sown wheat in response to foliar application of Moringaoleifera Lam. leaf extract. Chil. J. Agric. Res, pp. 2, 92–97.
Yishehak K, Solomon M &Tadelle M. 2011. Contribution of Moringa (Moringastenopetala, Bac.), a Highly Nutritious Vegetable Tree, for Food Security in South Ethiopia: A Review. Asian J Applied Sciences, pp. 4: 477-488.
Zaku SG, Tukur S & Kabir A. 2015. Moringa oleifera: An underutilized tree in Nigeria with amazing versatility. African Journal of Food Science, pp. 9(9) 456-461. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJFS2015.1346
How to Cite
With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.
It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.