THE EFFECT OF CORONA INCANDESCENT PLASMA RADIATION AND STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON THE VIABILITY OF GARLIC SEEDS (ALLIUM SATIVUM L. LUMBU KUNING VARIETY)

  • Febiasasti Trias Nugraheni Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Erma Prihastanti Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Endah Dwi Hastuti Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia
Keywords: Garlic Seeds, Dormancy, Plasma Radiation, Storage Temperature, Viability

Abstract

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is an agricultural commodity which is widely consumed by the community. The obstacle experienced in cultivation is that a relatively long dormancy period of about 6-7 months. The dormancy of garlic seeds occurs because the embryo has not yet been fully formed, and the growth hormone and inhibitory hormone are not balanced. The methods used to break dormancy and accelerate germination are by using corona incandescent plasma radiation and storage temperature. The research utilized factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD), consisting of six treatments with five replications. The first factor was the corona incandescent plasma radiation carried out on the garlic seeds ‘Lumbu Kuning’ variety with time duration of 0, 15, and 30 minutes. The second factor was storage temperature comprising of room temperature and cold temperature of 7oC stored for 30 days. Viability parameters observed are germination percentage dan the length of sprouts. The data were analyzed by using ANOVA followed by the DMRT test at the 95% confidence level. The results showed that corona incandescent plasma radiation influenced the germination percentage using plasma radiation for 15- 30 minutes.

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Published
2021-02-01
How to Cite
Nugraheni, F. T., Prihastanti, E., & Hastuti, E. D. (2021). THE EFFECT OF CORONA INCANDESCENT PLASMA RADIATION AND STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON THE VIABILITY OF GARLIC SEEDS (ALLIUM SATIVUM L. LUMBU KUNING VARIETY). International Journal of Engineering Science Technologies, 5(1), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijoest.v5.i1.2021.149