International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH 2021-07-20T03:41:20+00:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <h3>International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH</h3> <p>is an open access peer-reviewed journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering, Management, Social, Arts, Commerce, Technology and Science etc. It is an international refereed e-journal as well as print journal. IJRG have the aim to propagate innovative research and eminence in knowledge. IJRG Journals has become a prominent contributor for the research communities and societies. IJRG Journal is making the bridge between research and developments.</p> BIODEGRADATION OF DEADWOOD AND SAWDUST BY WHITE-ROT FUNGI ISOLATED FROM LAGOS AND OGUN STATES, SOUTHWEST NIGERIA 2021-05-22T10:02:40+00:00 O. A. Ojo-Omoniyi O. Ozeigbe E. F. Ahuekwe <p>Two varieties of Deadwood, Soil and Sawdust samples recovered from L.G.A., Lagos and , Ado-Odo/ L.G.A., state via aseptic procedures were subjected to microbiological analysis over a period of 3 weeks. fungal and bacterial population found on soil, deadwood and sawdust were isolated, thereafter biochemical characterization of the microbial isolates were conducted following standard and conventional methods. The RB 38 dye assay was used as the scientific evidence for identification of microbial isolates with enzymes. The fungal isolates were: ., , , and Aspergillus . A gram positive bacterial isolate found to be consistent in the two varieties of samples used for this study was identified as it RB 38 dye from blue to green. Future studies using molecular methods is expected to unravel the identities of other bacterial isolates.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ojo-Omoniyi, O. A., Oziegbe, O., Ahuekwe E. F. ROLE OF MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS ON EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN SERVICE SECTORS: A STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CHENNAI CITY 2021-06-30T08:28:36+00:00 E. Angelena Asha Chelliah Syed Rafiq Ahmed <p>Aim: The paper aims to measure the role of motivational factors on employee retention practices in service sectors in Chennai city. Data Sources: Primary and Secondary data used for the study. The Primary data sourced from the employees working in service sectors. The employees are contacted in electronic mode and obtained the responses from employees. Sample size &amp;amp; Method: The sample for this study consisted of 600employees drawn based on a simple random sampling method from the service sector. Out of 600 samples, 39 samples were rejected due to inadequate information provided by the employees. Finally, 561 samples were used for analysis. Findings: The study originated that the employees are satisfied with the motivational factors, i.e., compensation and Rewards, Pleasant Work Environment, Leadership styles, Training and Development, and Fringe benefits, offered by the service sectors in Chennai city. In addition, the paper also identified a significant association between motivational factors and employee retention practices in the service sectors. Furthermore, the study concluded that there is no significant difference among the employee's working sectors concerning the average score of motivational factors offered by the service sectors in the study region. The study created a significant association between motivational factors and the personal profile of employees working in the service sector in Chennai city. The study also initiates that there is a significant impact of motivational factors on employee retention in service sectors in the study region.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 E. Angelena Asha Chelliah, Dr. Syed Rafiq Ahmed OUTCOME BASED LEARNING: THE EFFECT OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING ACTIVITY ON DEEP CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING 2021-06-30T08:28:38+00:00 Prashant Thote Gowri S <p>The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of experiential learning activity in deep conceptual understanding of science in comparison with conventional teaching model. In the present experiment quasi experimental and post-test research design is implemented. Totally 80 students participate in the study: 40 girls and 40 boys. The sample is categorized into two: study and the control group. Each group consists of 40 students: 20 boys and 20 girls. The study group is taught “Gases Law” by using experiential learning activities and the control is taught by using the conventional method. Data is collected by using a questionnaire and it consists of 20 multiple choice questions. The collected data is analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The examination of the data illustrates that there is no noteworthy difference in the mean score between the study group and the control group. Independent ‘t-test’ is applied to compare the student’s achievement in post-test. The mean score of the study group, who are exposed to the experiential learning activities, in Science Achievement post-test is 17.35. It is higher than that of (t=6.65; p&amp;gt;0.01) the learners in the control group. The mean of the control group is 14.45. Therefore, it is concluded that the experiential learning activities as a teaching model enhances the deep conceptual understanding of science.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Prashant Thote, Gowri. S AN INTRODUCTORY REVIEW ABOUT DEFENCE MANAGEMENT: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 2021-06-30T08:28:28+00:00 P. Balathandayutham V. Muralidharan <p>The concept of management refers to the process to plan, to organize, to staff, to direct and to control the activities in any organization for achieving the common goal in a very systematic manner. Further, the term management refers to both a method of science art to empower individuals and to make an institution more efficient and effective when compared to the state without the manager and the management. As a process of the institution, the management lies amidst the policy formation for and the actual control and command of the forces in the military sector. management covers elements like management of the resources of sector, management of the personnel in the field and acquisition management.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. P. Balathandayutham, Dr. V. Muralidharan EVALUATION OF TOXICITY PROFILES OF DIFFERENT BRANDS OF PIROXICAM IN WISTAR RATS 2021-06-30T08:28:30+00:00 B. Cletus Lemii A. Georgewill Onwunari <p>BACKGROUD: , a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), has been identified to be one of such drugs with great potentials for abuse, addiction and death as well as complaints on the significant dissimilarities and variations of possible organ toxicities across different brands. This study aimed at evaluating toxicity profiles of different brands of in male rats. Healthy thirty (30) male rats, weighing between 180 and 230grams were procured from the animal house of the Pharmacology department, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences in University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. METHODS: The animals were divided into six (6) groups of five (5) animals each. Group1-control group while group2 to 6 were treatment groups. Thereafter, the clinical dose (0.285mg/kg) of brands (A Brand, B Brand, C Brand, D Brand and E Brand) were administered on treatment groups. The analysis was done at the end of the experiment. RESULT: Reveals that, four out of the fives brands demonstrated significant (p&amp;lt;0.05) toxicities on liver and kidney. Two of the brands has predilection for liver toxicity while another two exhibited kidney toxicities. The heart organ was spared from toxic effects of all the five brand understudied. CONCLUSION: The degree of organ toxicities with different brands of varies, however, certain brands tend to have toxicity predilection for either the liver or kidney.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lemii, B. Cletus, Onwunari, A. Georgewill DEPRESSION’S WAY OF EXPRESSION IN THE CASE OF A PARANOID-SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY STRUCTURE 2021-06-11T05:32:32+00:00 Simona Trifu Alexandru Gherman Alexandra Militaru Ilinca Vlaicu Raisa Constantinescu Coban Florin Mititelu <div data-id="paragraph-43e77d4b32b846c7881dac046ad257d4">Motivation: A psychiatric patient should be looked at in the longitudinal dynamics of their life because it is possible that during youth, mental suffering has a certain tone to it, which is later erased, transformed or moved, through a greater or lesser contact with the ideas or the affect.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-b18870aa8c624f36b41b0e1b426a77ba">Objective: We want to present the life history and dynamics of a subject whose first episode of mental illness of a depressive nature was around the age of 20, and to emphasize how over the years, this nature has faded. Currently, there is an absence of connection between the symptoms and the possible causalities.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-c200ca023a674f26a3e743c8a4ffb185">Material and methods: psychiatric and psychoanalytic interviews in dynamics, analysis of the life map, interpretations, the symptom’s evolution under medication, social support, identification of positive and negative prognostic factors, differential diagnoses, performing the diagnostic tree.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-8ecf28233ca3463aac35c13bd8688379">Results: The patient presented a first depressive episode in youth with a trigger related to an important emotional relationship; the episode overlapping with childhood difficulties (a father with a penal past, absence of parental Superego, attempts to build a shield through divinity). There follows a period of well-being, over which, about ten years ago, a hypochondriac pathology occurs, which associates the significant change of in a bizarre psychotic sense, with homelessness, delusional interpretation and completed with suicide attempt, so that the last episode is predominantly psychotic, but with a mystical and guilt theme and sin, with important changes, which also highlights the paranoid personality background of the person in question.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-82ae5b080e8f4fa590432634960a061e">Conclusion: The personality structure along with social functioning are important milestones of clinical evolution, beyond the main diagnosis of axis I, which in this case remained of recurrent depressive disorder, major depressive episode with psychotic phenomena, with the first two differential diagnoses: Bipolar disorder or schizophrenia depressive episode</div> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Simona Trifu, Alexandru Gherman, Alexandra Militaru, Ilinca Vlaicu, Raisa, Constantinescu-Coban, Florin Mititelu AN ECONOMIC THOUGHT OVER THE DISTORTING ROLE OF EMERGING POLITICAL CONSULTANCY SERVICES IN INDIA 2021-06-30T08:28:23+00:00 P. Arunachalam <p>There is a common practice existing among the people for time immemorial, not only in India even among the western world,to have or seekconsultants/experts/advisers/assistants/sometimes even astrologers forgetting somevaluableexpertise opinions beforeventuringinto a new business, finding good schools fortheir children, selecting a suitable educational for their wards, where to construct a house, where to go for a tour, selecting a suitable bridegroom and brides,how to make their children a popular figure in the society etc. etc.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. P. Arunachalam TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES IN CALLUS OF KAEMPFERIA PARVIFLORA 2021-07-13T08:26:12+00:00 Zuraida Ab Rahman Ayu Nazreena Othman Chandradevan A/L Machap Amirah Balqis Amir Amran Nur Najwa Arifah Basiron <p>Black ginger or is one useful medicinal plant that urges the need to be cultivated widely. This plant has some previous studies about their rhizomes and callus growth optimization, but their total content and antioxidant activities are not very . This study aims to study the total content and antioxidant activities of callus of K.. This study is to determine the type and concentration of hormone that give the best effect on the growth of callus in culture from different parts (, and basal part) of K.. Different concentrations were tested with medium 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and acid (NAA) in callus cultivation. The highest total content tested in callus is one with 10.00 mg/L 2,4-D from the part of the plant. The highest antioxidant activity is from the part of the plant with 5.00 mg/L 2,4-D.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Zuraida Ab Rahman, Ayu Nazreena Othman, Chandradevan A/L Machap, Amirah Balqis Amir Amran, Nur Najwa Arifah Basiron TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF CONDUCTIVITY OF UREASE DOPED POLYPYRROLE MATERIAL 2021-06-30T08:28:16+00:00 Munish Pandey Richa Badlani <p>In polymerization of was carried out in the presence of to synthesize – composites by chemical oxidation method. The / have been synthesized with various compositions (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 ) of in in aquas medium at room temperature. The – composites were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR). The d.c. conductivity was studied in the temperature range from 40–100°C. The dimensions of in the matrix have a greater influence on the observed conductivity values.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Munish Pandey, Richa Badlani GENDER WISE COMPARISON OF DISORDERED EATING ATTITUDES IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS OF INDIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY 2021-06-30T08:31:43+00:00 Jupender Singh Bhagi Kuljeet Kaur Dr. Sarita Tyagi <div data-id="paragraph-8997563c188c4892be21636045efbdc9">Motivation/Background: Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychological disorders characterized by unhealthy eating habits. There are a limited number of studies on eating disorders among male and female physical education professionals like teachers, coaches, and trainers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes (EA) among the ones that are more or less associated with fitness, training and counseling the students and public in general.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-db04f67c10a44b718c00c7bba3172339">Method: A survey study on 83 such professionals with at least 5 years of experience was being conducted through online questionnaire. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) was used.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-1531ebfe587844f7bbb94943e8ada702">Results: Of the 83 participants, 20% scored ≥ 20 on the EAT-26. A significant positive correlation (p&amp;lt;.01) was found between age and body mass index (BMI) on EAT-26 scores.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-898505bb52ea4502857684cbcb67cb1c">Conclusions: Awareness regarding appropriate nutrition in relation to body weight is needed among professionals themselves before they counsel others to begin with and must therefore be cautious about their own eating patterns in the first place.</div> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jupender Singh Bhagi, Dr. Kuljeet Kaur, Dr. Sarita Tyagi MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH FOR CRYPTOSYSTEM SUGGEST IN EDUCARE OVER CLOUDS 2021-06-30T08:28:10+00:00 Ravish G K Thippeswamy K <p>In the current situation of the pandemic, global organizations are turning to online functionality to ensure survival and sustainability. The future, even though uncertain, holds great promise for the education system being online. Cloud services for education are the center of this research work as they require security and privacy. The sensitive information about the users and the institutions need to be protected from all interested third parties. since the data delivery on any of the online systems is always time sensitive, the have to be fast. In previous works some of the algorithms were explored and statistical inference based decision was presented. In this work a machine learning system is designed to make that decision based on data type and time requirements.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ravish G K, Dr K Thippeswamy COST BENEFITS ANALYSIS OF PH.D EDUCATION IN NIGERIA 2021-06-30T08:28:33+00:00 Ebenezer Taiwo ADU Oyedokun Samuel AJAYI <p>This research work examined the cost benefits of Ph. D in Nigeria. It was a descriptive design of a survey type. The population of the study was all the lecturers and Ph. students of the University of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, 150 Lecturers and students were selected through simple random sampling and techniques. Two sets of research instruments were used one for the lecturers and the second one for the students currently undergoing Ph. . The validity of the instruments was done with the use of content, construct and face . Descriptive analysis was used to the data collected. The results showed that the cost of Ph. was higher compare to lower degrees, the prospect cadre for Ph. was high and that the financial and other benefits of Ph.D holders were higher than other degrees.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Adu, Ebenezer Taiwo, Ajayi, Oyedokun Samuel SHIPS WITH SMALL WATER-PLANE AREA: THE MAIN INFORMATION 2021-06-30T08:28:20+00:00 Victor A. Dubrovsky <div data-id="paragraph-2b51f09462514dd493179188b48895b7">Ships with small water-plane area (below “SWA ships”) have very special shape of hulls. It is the reason of characteristic specificity of such ships.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-f6cec2ee03ba4af2a8d5106edc557e28">SWA ships usually are multi-hull ones. And as all multi-hulls, SWA ships differ from the comparable mono-hulls by bigger deck area relative the displacement and by simple ensuring of stability.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-4fc55bcf1d404fd2a85ba770c3eca21b">There are some architectural types of SWA ships. Their differences are shown by the article. Relative area of deck and initial transverse stability of SWA ships are compared. Statistical data on performance: twin-hull SWA versus catamarans. Common specificity of and . The main external loads. Special method of designing. Main disadvantages. Conclusions, recommendation.</div> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Victor A. Dubrovsky THE ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE MARKETING STRATEGIES AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVE TOWARDS TAKĀFUL AWARENESS: A STUDY BASED ON SAMMANTHURAI DIVISION IN SRI LANKA 2021-06-30T08:28:43+00:00 Mohamed Haniffa Mohamed Nairoos Seinulabdeen Nathira Jahan <p>The purpose of this study is to find out the factors which enhance awareness level among general Muslim public in Sammanthurai Division. To achieve this objective, three hypotheses are taken to investigate the relationship between awareness other awareness factors such as knowledge, marketing strategies, and religious perspective. Hypothesis predicting a positive relationship between awareness level and awareness factors (Knowledge, religious perspective, and marketing strategies). correlation and regression analysis were used to measure the relationship between variables. In this study it is calculated that all three factors which Knowledge, religious perspective, and marketing strategies are crucial to enhance awareness level among general Muslim public. Furthermore, Quantitative method is used. Primary data was collected through series of questions in 200 sets of questionnaire that had been distributed among general Muslim public in . And 160 were adequately respondent and considered for analysis, this formed 80% response rate. The correlation, coefficient, and regression analysis were used as method of analysis.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mohamed Haniffa Mohamed Nairoos, Seinulabdeen Nathira Jahan ANALYSIS OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR AND NEUROPLASTICITY IN AN EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF HEMIPLEGIA TREATED WITH TRANSCRANIAL THERAPY 2021-06-30T08:28:41+00:00 Eliane Gonçalves de Jesus Fonseca Débora Neuls Ariele Pedroso Danilo Barbosa Angela Dubiela Francisco Cidral Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado Felipe Figueiredo Moreira Ana Carolina Dorigoni Bini Patricia Pacheco Tyski Suckow Ivo Ilvan Kerppers Mário César da Silva Pereira Emerson Carraro <p>Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide; its severity is associated with high death rates and motor, cognitive, and sensory . Several interventions have been proposed in recent years to prevent and primarily treat stroke. LED stands out as one of these interventions; it indicates promising results because it stimulates cellular metabolism, increasing the cellular regenerative potential, and promoting . Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of 630 nm LED in animals submitted to ischemic stroke by analyzing and motor behavior. This was an experimental study with a controlled qualitative and quantitative intervention, with a sample of 30 male Wistar Rattus divided into two groups: a control group and treated group, consisting of 15 animals each. The experimental time points were 3, 7, and 21 days of treatment. All animals were submitted to surgery for the implantation of an electrode and subsequent electrolytic lesion. The quantitative results in the three experimental time points indicate treatment superiority using the 630 nm LED compared to the control group. The findings also showed increased tissue in the treated group at 3, 7, and 21 days of treatment when compared to the control group. Hence, the results suggest that the 630 nm LED guided treatment in the experimental time points of 3, 7, and 21 days was superior to those in the control group, showing animals with increased motor response according to the apprehension test, and improved according to the evaluation.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Eliane Gonçalves de Jesus Fonseca, Débora Neuls, Ariele Pedroso, Danilo Barbosa, Angela Dubiela, Francisco Cidral, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Felipe Figueiredo Moreira, Ana Carolina Dorigoni Bini, Patricia Pacheco Tyski Suckow, Ivo Ilvan Kerppers, Mário César da Silva Pereira , Emerson Carraro MILLENNIAL PERCEPTION TOWARDS THE PURCHASE DECISIONS OF GREEN PRODUCTS –A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY 2021-06-16T15:34:22+00:00 K. Vasuki SHOBA Balaji V. <p>The study is executed to assess the millennial perception towards the purchase decisions of green products in Chennai city. The study used both primary and secondary data. The secondary data obtained through research articles, magazines, and daily newspapers. The primary data was gathered from the millennial that are purchasing the green products in Chennai city. The sample size of the study is 591. A simple convenience sampling method was used. The study found that the factors i.e., Environmentally Friendly, Environmental Responsibility, Healthy, Natural products, and environmentally protection, and Social Appeal significantly influenced green products’ purchase decisions among the millennial in the study region. The study also originates that there is significant difference among the age group of concerning the purchase decisions of green products certain aspects like Environmentally friendly, and Healthy. The study results also exhibited that the male and female millennial have similar perception on purchase of green products in the study region.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. K. Vasuki, Dr. K. Shoba, Dr. V. Balaji COVID-19 AND RISK INVOLVEMENT IN THE BANKING SECTOR OF BANGLADESH: A STUDY 2021-06-30T08:28:07+00:00 Dhanonjoy Kumar Sraboni Bagchi Shimul Ray <p>Covid-19 pandemic has arrived at a widespread risky situation in our individual, financial and communal lives. Now the whole world is thrilled by the cruel clutch of the corona virus and its victim is the global economy. The study focuses on discovering the risk involved in Covid-19 of the banking sector in Bangladesh. Qualitative approach was used to attain the purpose of this study. The study revealed that Covid-19 has a countless effect on the economy and on the banking sector in Bangladesh. In the critical moment of , Bangladeshi banking sector faces huge financial losses, increasing non-performing loans, individual investment and decreasing operating profits. Bank employees are affected seriously for performing their daily activities. They are passing their days with great fear.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dhanonjoy Kumar, Sraboni Bagchi, Shimul Ray CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, AND FATTY ACID PROFILE OF COCOA NIBS 2021-06-22T05:04:46+00:00 Fernanda Côrrea Leal Penido Isabelle Cristine Ramos Lourenço Lívia Mariana da Silva Cleverson Fernando Garcia Flávia Augusta Guilherme Gonçalves Rezende <p>Cocoa nibs ( cacao L.) are the cocoa beans after being fermented, dried, broken into small pieces, and then toasted. The cocoa nib composition is primordial for producers, industry, and final consumers because it affects the final quality of the raw material and any derivative product. The chemical composition was analyzed using , , , and Scharrer-Kurschner methods. The results showed that the cocoa nibs studied were rich in lipids (44.02 ± 5.22%), followed by carbohydrates (25.30%), raw fiber (12.85 ± 3.67%), protein (10.73 ± 1.80%), and ash content (2.58 ± 0.15%). The fatty acid profile was determined by gas chromatography and showed the presence of , , and acids. The low moisture content (4.52 ± 0.12%) and total acidity (2.25 ± 0.45 NaOH 100 g-1) contributed to the low count of microorganisms, which may give cocoa nibs a longer shelf life. Additionally, it presented high antioxidant activity, with a total content of 843.45 ± 11.85 mg acid / 100 g extract and 89.42 ± 0.02% iron reducing power.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fernanda Côrrea Leal Penido, Isabelle Cristine Ramos Lourenço, Lívia Mariana da Silva, Cleverson Fernando Garcia, Flávia Augusta Guilherme Gonçalves Rezende INFLUENCE OF 627 NM WAVELENGTH LIGHT EMITTING DIODE PHOTOTHERAPY ON SECONDARY INTENTION WOUND HEALING 2021-06-11T06:01:04+00:00 Patricia Pacheco Tyski Suckow Ana Carolina Dorigoni Bini Andressa Panegalli Hosni Andressa Leticia Miri Maria Elvira Ribeiro Cordeiro Larissa Sakis Bernardi Carolina Panis Angela Dubiela Julik Eliane Gonçalves de Jesus Fonseca Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado Ivo Ilvan Kerppers Paulo Renato de Oliveira <p>Background: The use of photobiomodulation can be effective in the healing of tissues, highlighting the use of LED in tissue repair. Was evaluated the effect of 627 nm wavelength LED irradiation on VEGF-α and TGF-β1 expressions in a model of secondary intention wound healing. Methods: The evaluations were performed using a dorsal puncture model and the sample consisted of 120 Wistar rats, randomly divided into LED groups submitted to 3, 7, 14 and 21 irradiation treatment for 100 s, 7 J / cm2, and control groups. Histological analysis, immunohistochemistry and contraction of the lesion were performed. Results: LED irradiation led to effective wound regeneration results. Similar effects were obtained with vascular, exudative, and proliferative phenomena. VEGF and TGF-β1 levels were increased in LED-treated groups with initial treatments. Collagen analysis revealed that LED-treated groups levels were increased on days 14- and 21 of the treatments. An acceleration in tissue regeneration was observed in LED treated groups. Macroscopically visible results showing a complete healing process was evident after 14 days of treatment. Conclusion: 627 nm LED irradiation effectively accelerated wound healing leading complete closure of the skin in a shorter time compared to control group.</p> 2021-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Patricia Pacheco Tyski Suckow, Ana Carolina Dorigoni Bini, Andressa Panegalli Hosni, Andressa Leticia Miri, Maria Elvira Ribeiro Cordeiro, Larissa Sakis Bernardi, Carolina Panis, Angela Dubiela Julik, Eliane Gonçalves de Jesus Fonseca, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Ivo Ilvan Kerppers, Paulo Renato de Oliveira STRESS TOLERANCE AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF CRONOBACTER SPP. ISOLATED FROM POWDERED INFANT FORMULA RETAILED IN NIGERIA 2021-07-03T20:01:32+00:00 Ezeh Abimbola R Smith Stella I. Aboaba Olusimbo O <p> ., is an emerging, opportunistic pathogen that causes infections such as , meningitis and in neonates and infants, and can sometimes lead to death. There is zero tolerance for the presence of . all powdered infant formulae because of the high mortality rate (80%) associated with . . Three . (CS14, CS17 and CS124) isolated from PIF retailed in Nigeria were exposed to different levels of stress (pH, osmotic, oxidative, heat, bile and desiccation). The production ability of the isolates was investigated and the susceptibility of the isolates to different antibiotics was carried out using the MIC panel. Variation in stress response was observed in the isolates with no consistent pattern. The CS 17 ( ) and CS 124 ( ) showed the highest tolerance to stress on the average. All the isolates exhibited the ability to produce ranging from 1.30 – 2.0 and were also sensitive to more than 95% of the antibiotics used in the MIC panel, with no resistance to any.</p> 2021-07-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ezeh Abimbola R, Smith Stella I., Aboaba Olusimbo O ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS AND ITS EFFECT ON CONSUMER PURCHASING DECISION IN THE NIGERIAN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY 2021-07-03T20:01:09+00:00 Henry Diko Koce Mamman Zacchaeus Ndaba Elizabeth Gabriel Gata <p>Consumers are likely influenced by so many factors among them are demographic variables and economic variables, this is important especially in decision of capital expenditure such as the purchase of automobiles. This study investigated the demographic determinant of consumer purchase decision in the Nigeria Automobile industry. This study employed the use of survey method as well as descriptive analysis, by which consumers opinion where sampled. The population of the study car owners residing in Niger state with total car population of 508, 564(NGSDVR, 2012). The sample size of 1110 was determined through formula, plus mark up of 30% margin of non-response which totaled to one thousand four hundred and forty-three respondents. One thousand one hundred questionnaires were filled and returned. To ensure reliability of research instrument was conducted and the result of Cronch Bach alpha was .887 which is greater than. 70 Regression and correlations analysis was used to analyze the data collected with the aid of the statistical package (SPSS). Hypothesis one result showed a significant relationship between demographic variable and consumer purchase decision of automobile (R<sup data-id="superscript-1c0a3dc50f434fc8a6c3c5155af028d2">2 =. </sup> .968) and P value of.000, finally hypothesis two indicated that economic variables have a great influence on consumer purchase decision of automobiles (R<sup data-id="superscript-69437696b6094fba91fce7278b6db2dd">2 =. </sup> .970) and P value of.000. Recommendations was that procedures should take all these variables into consideration in designing products and advertising.</p> 2021-07-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Henry Diko Koce (PhD), Mamman Zacchaeus Ndaba, Elizabeth Gabriel, Gata MORBIDITY PATTERNS IN UNDERFIVE CHILDREN IN AN URBAN LOW SOCIOECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF GUNTUR CITY IN ANDHRA PRADESH 2021-07-05T20:02:28+00:00 Prasada Rao Udaragudi Samson Sanjeeva Rao Nallapu <p>Background: Retrospective morbidity data helps in prioritizing health conditions according their burden on the child and the family and to plan effective interventions. This study is set to look at the morbidity patterns in in a low area of Guntur city. Methodology: This descriptive study conducted in the service area of the Urban Health Center (UHC) at in Guntur city involved 740 children from 6 randomly selected areas. After taking informed consent, the mothers of the children were subjected to a pretested structured questionnaire on current illnesses, 2 weeks recall of illnesses and illnesses over the last one year. The data is presented in the form of tables and percentages. Significant findings are subjected to tests of significance at 5% Level of Significance. Results: Point prevalence of morbidity was 16.1% among boys and 10.7 % among girls (p value 0.03). Children with morbidity over last two weeks are 12.4% (boys 10.9% &amp;amp; girls 13.9%). Over one year, 52.2% had some illness (Boys 47.2% and Girls 52.8%). The had the maximum illness burden (69.5%) and the infants had the least (31.1%) (p value 0.00000001). Chronic illnesses like asthma, skin conditions etc. were seen in 5% of the children (5.2% male and 4.8% female). 63% of the children were seen in private facilities while 37% were seen in a Govt. health facility. 11.1% of the children were seen only by unqualified practitioners. Discussion: Morbidity in is mainly focused on Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) and which are the common causes of mortality in this age group. Chronic conditions of childhood may persist into adulthood and can influence both health and academic outcomes. Private sector health facilities including unqualified practitioners are sought after more than Government health facilities. Conclusion: There is an essential need to empower primary caregivers of children especially the mother to recognize early signs of childhood illness and seek appropriate care while also facilitating structural and procedural changes in the public healthcare system.</p> 2021-07-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Prasada Rao Udaragudi, Samson Sanjeeva Rao Nallapu, TSR Sai LESSONS IN HAND WASHING: INFLUENCE OF OCCUPATION, HABIT AND SANITATION ON THE TYPE AND BURDEN OF HAND MICROFLORA 2021-07-05T20:02:50+00:00 Egwari Louis Osayenum Akinnola Olayemi Oluseun Effiok William Warrie Kilani Adetunji Musbau Uzowuihe Xavier Chukwuma Adegbayi Tolu <p>The hand is an important vehicle in disease transmission both in the healthcare setting and in communities. This study accessed the level of compliance to hand hygiene requirements among different professionals within and outside the hospital addition to the role of good hand hygiene practice in reducing the microbial population of hands. Structured questionnaire to access compliance by the various study group was analyzed statistically. Swabs of hands and contact surfaces were collected before and after different treatment application ranging from washing with soap, use of or a combination of treatment and assessed . Knowledge of the importance of hand hygiene did not translate to better hand hygiene practice among health workers compared to groups outside the health profession. There was a higher preference for water for anal cleansing after defecation as opposed to the use of tissue paper by male than female (p&amp;lt;0.05). The bacterial load in unwashed hands ranged from 10<sup data-id="superscript-a788c46aa24845aaa0a9141e99109a64">6</sup> CFU/ml for Proteus and Streptococcus species to 10<sup data-id="superscript-fd6482054e994ea9a948e6c06ae5ec01">10</sup> CFU/ml for and Staphylococcus species. Hand washing without application of resulted in 1-2 log<sub data-id="subscript-da929a184e1e4541944135e323288aef">10</sub> CFU reduction depending on bacterial species (p&amp;gt;0.05). Application of to unwashed hands resulted in 2-7 log<sub data-id="subscript-14c00c2ea9ab44d69b542148b40ea2d3">10</sub> CFU reduction for most bacterial species (p&amp;lt;0.05). Hands were re-colonized with same flora within one week of decolonizing. The multiple factors associated with re-colonization of decolonized hands pose the question as to how frequent should hands be washed?</p> 2021-07-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Egwari Louis Osayenum, Akinnola Olayemi Oluseun, Effiok William Warrie, Kilani Adetunji Musbau, Uzowuihe Xavier Chukwuma, Adegbayi Tolu ANOMALY IN ‘MUHURTA TIME’ OF TIRUMALA VENKATESWARA SWĀMIVĀRI BRAHMOTSAVAM 2021-07-08T10:21:03+00:00 Y. V. Subba Rao <p>The starting time or commencement of , an annual festival, at the Lord Venkateswara Temple at , celebrated by (TTD) is a total deviation from injunction whereas an additional festival celebrated in an once in three years comes unaware in total conformity with prescription of the ‘ time” for the commencement of this most sacred and important temple ritual. The rectification of the deviation occurring due to the erroneous astronomical positions of planets, the Sun and the Moon, in the Luni-Solar Indian almanac (TTD ) is discussed here with a suggestion of rectification of in the “ Time” for the of the Planet and all life living on it.</p> 2021-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Y. V. Subba Rao TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL CHANGES IN CROP DIVERSITY AND ITS IMPACT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DISTRICT PRAYAGRAJ 2021-07-08T10:21:00+00:00 Monika Yadav <div data-id="paragraph-0bd2aed3b1e54c6aab6f6dd6f8ec0e6e">Abstract (English)- Human beings have to face different types of risks and uncertainties in their daily activities. Agriculture sector is also not untouched by it. Agriculture is fraught with uncertainty like rain, flood, drought and risk of diseases, pests and market fluctuation etc. In such a situation, undoubtedly crop diversity is a useful concept, which is very helpful for better use of agricultural resources and mitigation of risks related to agricultural production and providing quick and regular benefits to the farmers. Crop diversification refers to growing multiple crops instead of just a single crop, but crop diversification requires the highest level of managerial investment by each farmer. It is required to tackle the difficulties related to the low surplus, operation and marketing of the produce of agricultural products. Effective policy and investment are needed to overcome these difficulties. In fact, crop diversification exists as an effective strategy for achieving multiple aims like food security, nutritional security, poverty alleviation, availability of new employment opportunities, sustainable use of land, agricultural development and environmental improvement.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-668c0e59336d4d8cba168de2cde5349e">(Hindi)- मनुष्य को अपने दैनिक गतिविधियों में विभिन्न प्रकार के जोखिमों तथा अनिश्चितता का सामना करना पड़ता है। कृषि क्षेत्र भी इससे अछूता नहीं है किसान विभिन्न प्रकार की अनिश्चितता और जोखिमों को उठाते हुए कृषि कार्य करता है। वर्षा, बाढ़, सूखा आदि अनिश्चितता तथा रोग कीट तथा बाजार के उतार-चढ़ाव के जोखिमों से कृषि कार्य भरा हुआ है। ऐसे में निःसंदेह फसल विविधता उपयोगी संकल्पना है जो कृषि संसाधनों के बेहतर प्रयोग, तथा कृषि उत्पादों से संबंधित जोखिमों के न्यूनीकरण व किसानों को शीघ्र तथा नियमित लाभ प्रदान करने हेतु अत्यन्त सहायक है। फसल विविधता का अभिप्राय केवल एक ही फसल उगाने के स्थान पर कई फसलें उगाना है। किंतु फसल विविधता हेतु प्रत्येक किसान द्वारा प्रबंधकीय निवेश के उच्चतम स्तर की आवश्यकता होती है। कृषि उत्पादों के न्यून अधिशेष, संचालन तथा उत्पादन के विपणन से संबंधित कठिनाइयों को दूर करना वांछनीय है। इन कठिनाइयों को दूर करने हेतु प्रभावशाली नीति तथा निवेश की आवश्यकता है। वास्तव में फसल विविधता खाद्य सुरक्षा, पोषण सुरक्षा, गरीबी उन्मूलन, रोजगार के नए अवसर की उपलब्धता, भूमि का धारणीय प्रयोग, कृषि विकास तथा पर्यावरण सुधार के बहुउद्देश्य को प्राप्त करने के लिए एक प्रभावशाली रणनीति के रूप में विद्यमान है।</div> 2021-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Monika Yadav INFLUENCE OF COMMONLY USED HEAT TREATMENTS OF ROW MILK ON PRESENCE AND NUMBER OF COAGULASE-POSITIVE STAPHYLOCOCCI 2021-07-20T03:41:20+00:00 Adna Bešić Sead Karakaš Kenan Čaklovica Adisa Mušović Mehmed Sultanović Alisa Smajović Muhamed Katica <div data-id="paragraph-bcfbf6b188924650887567a5eb630f52">Motivation/Background: positive staphylococci (CPS) are common contaminants of raw milk. Before it is used, various heat treatments are applied to destroy microorganisms, inactivate enzymes and improve technological properties and concentration of dry matter of milk. This work aimed to determine the influence of commonly used heat treatments in diary on presence and number CPS in raw milk from Bosnia and Herzegovina area and to affirm whether there is a difference in efficacy between different treatments.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-4a49b79f28e6492188cfe7d6611ddae2">Method: Using the standard method, 40 samples of raw milk from farms were inoculated for counting the initial number of CPS in raw milk. Samples were then exposed to heat treatments in vapor sterilizer and CPS number was counted using the same standard method.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-784bb6a9fbc0487bb0fc2a624f18ee84">Results: Applied treatments included heat treatments at: 68 °C/40 s, 70 °C/15 s, 72 °C/without holding, 63 °C/30 min and 72 °C/15 s. CPS presence was detected in all tested samples of raw milk in numbers ranging from 2,82 to 5,32, with an average of 4,30, calculated as log10 /ml.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-8556196f5bfc47e5bdeccb65f83305a6">Conclusions: Raw milk samples collected in the field initially registered a high CPS number. The applied heat treatments were effective to a large extent. The initial CPS count of milk seems to be the most important factor determining the number of CPS after heat treatments as well as traits of the strains.</div> 2021-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Adna Bešić, Sead Karakaš, Kenan Čaklovica, Adisa Mušović, Mehmed Sultanović, Alisa Smajlović, Muhamed Katica A STUDY ON INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF MGNREGA HOUSEHOLDS 2021-07-01T05:39:13+00:00 P. Muneeswaran C. Sundarapandian <p style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt; line-height: 150%; margin: 12.0pt 0cm 0cm 0cm;">The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) 2005 is one of the foremost social security in India. It guarantees minimum wage, reduces poverty and checks large scale migration in rural India. It has reduced rural hunger. After implementation of MGNREGA, the Planning Commission estimated that the poverty among Scheduled Castes () in rural areas fell 22 percentage points- from 53.5 per cent in 2004-05 to 31.5 per cent in 2011-12. For that reason, the study focuses on income distribution and the conditions of MGNREGA workers and their households in district of Tamil state. The sample size of this research work is 345 MGNREGA Scheduled Castes () workers. The study found that there is a significant level of association existing between the annual income of MGNREGA workers/households and their conditions, such as the participants’ gender, age, community and occupation, type of family, size of family, number of employees and migrant workers of the family in the study area.At the same time this study found that there is no significant level association existing between annual income and conditions such as education, type of houses, and marital status. Hence, the MGNREGA is one of themajor factors in determining the income level and also the conditions of the of scheduled castes workers in the study area.</p> 2021-07-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. P. Muneeswaran, Dr. C. Sundarapandian THE EFFECTS OF SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM NAAD YOGA MEDITATION TRAINING ON MINDFULNESS IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS 2021-07-14T20:06:12+00:00 Navdeep Joshi Mamta Sahrawat Vikram Singh <div data-id="paragraph-c7f3934ca0944db9b5959912ad4f0468">Introduction: Meditation has been practiced since times immemorial consciously or unconsciously by the people from different origins and the trend has caught more attention of the researchers worldwide due to popularity of yoga in the recent years.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-8f9d9a2111ec412a8f7e52747c757ff6">Method: Internet-delivered online NAAD yoga meditation training for 6 weeks was being imparted to the university level participants (n = 67) and were assessed before, during and after treatment, and their compliance with the intervention they received was tracked online. In the randomized controlled trail (RCT) study, the treatments were received at a time, place, and computer of the participants’ choosing with the proviso that the training be completed live and online during each of 6 successive weeks (6 days a week with a 32 minutes session each day). The trait MAAS, a 15-item scale designed to assess individual differences in the frequency of mindful states over time questionnaire was being used as tool to assess (also known as trait) mindfulness amongst all the participants.</div> <div data-id="paragraph-0e0d25d09e7843d0aeb55d394f889a29">Results: Both a short term (3 weeks) long-term (6 weeks) NAAD yoga meditation programs elicited a statistically significant improvement on MAAS scores (p&amp;lt;.000).</div> 2021-07-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Navdeep Joshi, Dr. Mamta Sahrawat, Dr. Vikram Singh CASE REPORT - ACUPUNCTURE TREATMENT IN PATIENT WITH HORMONAL IMBALANCE 2021-07-15T20:06:35+00:00 Blagica Arsovska Jihe Zhu Kristina Kozovska <p>Hormones play a big role and are a huge part of women’s health, including physically, mentally and emotionally. If the body produces too little or too much of some certain hormones, then the hormonal imbalance occurs. According to TCM, two organs mainly connected to the hormonal imbalances are the Kidney and the Liver. The aim of the TCM treatment for hormonal imbalance is to balance the Yin and Yang energy in the organs and the body and restore the . In this research is presented a case of a woman presented with reduced function of the thyroid gland and hormonal imbalance. Before starting the treatment the results are showing increased levels of TSH (8.08 /ml), LH (12.30 /ml) and FSH (15.70 /ml) and decreased levels of fT4 (9.78 /L). After the treatment the TSH (2.79 /ml), fT4 (14.00 /L) and LH (7.93 /ml) were normalized and FSH (12.20 /ml) was decreased with only 7 treatments within 7 weeks. Acupuncture points used in the treatment are: DU4 (MingMen), DU14 (DaZhui), DU20 (BaiHui), RN6 (QiHai), RN4 (QuanYuan), BL15 (XinShu), BL20 (PiShu), GB20 (FengChi), ST9 (RenYing), LI4 (HeGu), BL23 (ShenShu), LR2 (TaiChong), SP6 (SanYinJiao), ST36 (ZuSanLi), SP9 (YinLingQuan), KI3 (TaiXi) and points located on the neck (front and back). Acupuncture as part of the TCM can effectively help the patients struggling with hormonal imbalances to balance and regulate the hormones and harmonize the metabolism, nervous, reproductive and endocrine system.</p> 2021-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Blagica Arsovska, Jihe Zhu, Kristina Kozovska ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF STHIRA BINDU (FIXED POINT) IN YOGA PHILOSOPHY 2021-07-15T20:06:59+00:00 K. Subedi D. Panthi K. Jha C.R. Bhatta <p>It is true that all living things and all the mechanisms of entire universe are guided by mathematical relations and results. The theory of fixed point is one of the most leading gears of modern mathematics and its results are the most generally useful in mathematics which gives the solution of non-linear problems of various fields of modern subjects<sup> [9]</sup>. Also, the human brain can perform the intellectual courses that still have not been performed by digital computers. It may therefore be seen that quantum mechanics is very much associated with the consciousness of mankind<sup> [21]</sup>. Yoga is one of the few ways to understand the eventual reality mentioned in Vedanta, quantum physics and mathematics as well<sup> [19]</sup>. This paper investigates the role and importance of fixed point in eastern philosophies especially with yoga along with meditation focusing that mathematics plays a significant role in yoga philosophy.</p> 2021-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 K. Subedi, D. Panthi, K. Jha, C.R. Bhatta THE REALISTIC DILEMMA AND DEVELOPMENT PATH OF THE INTEGRATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS, COACHES AND SOCIAL SPORTS ORGANIZATIONS IN THE INTEGRATION OF SPORTS 2021-07-19T10:09:25+00:00 Wan-Ting Li Li-Wei Lin <p>The integration of physical education conforms to the needs of powerful countries in education and sports, and conforms to the training and development of young people in the new era. Through the method of literature and interview, this paper summarizes and analyzes the practice of physical education integration in China, analyzes the difficulties existing in the integration of physical education in multi-subject intercommunication and integration, and puts forward the further improvement path. present, the existing problems mainly include: people's insufficient understanding of the concept of physical education integration; The post system is not clear in the intercommunication of various subjects of physical education and financial system; The teaching or training objectives of each subject are not clear; There are many sports items, the primary and secondary are unclear, and the hierarchy is chaotic. The professional ability and knowledge level of each main body are not uniform; Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to deeply implement the concept of physical education to improve the cognition of physical education integration. To establish a system of cooperative governance of multiple subjects integrating physical education; Establish teaching standards at all levels, and clarify teaching objectives and requirements; Establishing a training service platform for sports and education integration with big data; To increase the pilot of physical education integration in order to speed up the implementation process of physical education integration in China, to better train the socialist builders and successors who develop morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically, and labor comprehensively, and to develop the cause of physical education in China.</p> 2021-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wan-Ting Li, Li-Wei Lin SARS-COV2 VARIANTS AND VACCINES MRNA SPIKES FIBONACCI NUMERICAL UA/CG METASTRUCTURES 2021-07-16T20:05:52+00:00 Jean Claude Perez <p>In this paper, we suggest a biomathematical numerical method for analysing mRNA nucleotides sequences based on UA/CG Fibonacci numbers proportions.</p> <p>This method is used to evaluate then compare the spike genes related to the main SARS-CoV2 VARIANTS currently circulating within the world population.</p> <p>The 10 main results proposed to be reproduced by peers are:</p> <ul> <li>SARS-CoV2 genome and spike evolution in one year 2020-2021.</li> <li>SARS-CoV2 Origins.</li> <li>Comparing 11 reference variants spikes.</li> <li>Analysing 32 CAL.20C California variant patients’ spikes.</li> <li>Toward a meta mRNA Fibonacci gene end message code.</li> <li>Analysing S501 UK, S484 South Africa and « 2 mutations » INDIA variants.</li> <li>Suggesting a possible variants spike mRNA palindrome symmetry metastructure improving mRNA stability then infectiousness.</li> <li>Analysing Fibonacci Metastructures in the mRNA coding for the vaccines PFIZER and MODERNA.</li> <li>Does the CG-rich modification of the synonymous codons of the spikes of the 2 mRNA vaccines affect the expression and quantity of SARS-CoV2 antibodies?</li> <li>The exceptional case of the Brazilian variant P.1.</li> </ul> <p>Particularly, we suggest the following conjecture at mRNA folding level:</p> <p>CONJECTURE of SARS-CoV2 VARIANTS:</p> <p>The growth of long Fibonacci structures in the shape of "podiums" for almost all of the variants studied (UK, California, South Africa, India, etc.) suggests the probable folding of the Spike mRNA in the form of a "hairpin", which can strengthen the cohesion and the lifespan of this mRNA.</p> <p>Finally, we show that these kinds of Fibonacci matastructures disapear TOTALLY by analysing the published mRNA sequences of PFIZER and MODERNA vaccines. One fact is certain, the two mRNAs of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines will result in a low functionality of the spike vaccine. This is because their designers by seeking greater stability, have doped to build CG rich sequences which, as soon as they are inserted into the human host, will, paradoxically, seek to mutate, like SARS-CoV2 variants, towards CG ==&gt; UA forms in order to improve their STABILITY and LIFETIME. We conclude using new biomathematics theoretical methods (Master code and numerical standing waves), and comparing the Spikes of the two vaccines Moderna and Pfizer, that there will be very probable differences in stability and shelf life of the two respective mRNAs vaccines. However, “State of the Art” analyzes will disclose that their two protein sequences are strictly identical. By modified their synonymous codons using different strategies, no one can guarantee that the quantity of antibodies generated will be identical in the two cases.</p> <p>We wish to draw attention to the great ADAPTATION power - at the global scale of their genomes - of the most infectious VARIANTS, such as the BRAZIL 20J / 501Y.V3 variant (P.1). This is very worrying for the VACCINES &lt;==&gt; VARIANTS run: We demonstrate how the Brazilian variant P.1 which becomes uncontrollable in Brazil in April 2021 has a level of organization of long metastructures of 17,711 bases covering the genome which is 3.6 more important than that of the 2 reference genomes SARS-CoV2</p> <p> and worldwide D614G. We suggest that this high level of overall structure of this variant contributes to the stability of this genome and, might explain its greater contagiousness.</p> <p>To complete this article, an ADDENDUM by Nobelprizewinner Luc Montagnier vas added at the end of this paper.</p> 2021-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jean-Claude Perez A STUDY OF EXPRESSIVE WRITING SKILLS AND USE OF WRITING STRATEGIES IN ENGLISH AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS 2021-07-17T20:07:13+00:00 Sultan Singh <p>The intricate nature of written expression presents a difficulty for many students<em>. </em>Learning english as a third language is a difficult assignment. Expressive composing abilities in english can't be procured in proper learning measures. Yet, it needs remarkable endeavors made by the student. There are some broad procedures for development recorded as hard copy abilities. Do these systems are dealt with by the student for composing tasks? To discover the response to this inquiry the current examination was performed. This paper is a review report which was directed on secondary school understudies to examine the degree of expressive abilities and utilization of composing methodologies among them. The outcomes showed that understudies are very much aware of general methodologies and utilize the systems seriously during and after the assignment when contrasted with before composing tasks.</p> 2021-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sultan Singh NATIONALISM AND RASHTRIYA SWAYAMSEVAK SANGH IN THE POST-INDEPENDENCE PERIOD 2021-07-17T20:06:50+00:00 Preeti Pandey <p><strong>English:</strong> Nationalism is a subject in which there has been controversy from time to time. When it comes to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, there are often misconceptions that it opposes nationalism, but this is a myth. For this purpose, this letter has been written with special reference to the post-independence period. Writing this letter is very relevant at present because even today many people do not know the true nature of this organization and are keeping distance due to this. We find that if understood in the context of proper evidence, then this organization is also a socio-cultural organization like other organizations, which since its inception in 1925 till today is determined towards social upliftment and national upliftment. Discipline is its main weapon. It means that the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh cooperated with the government in resolving the problems that arose after independence, although it was banned but again proved to be immaculate and moved forward in the forward responsibility with great energy. For this research, The subject has been reviewed in the then circumstances by studying books, newspapers related to Golwalkar ji and related to nationalism.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Hindi:</strong> स्वातंत्र्योत्तर काल में राष्ट्रवाद की भावना पर प्रायः प्रश्नचिन्ह लगाये जाते रहे हैं क्योंकि सबका मानना है कि स्वतंत्रता प्राप्त होते ही राष्ट्रवाद की आवश्यकता की पूर्ति हो जाती है किन्तु यह एक भ्रामक चिन्तन है। राष्ट्र के प्रति, प्रेम, विश्वास, आस्था एवं स्वार्थ के त्याग का संयुक्त भाव है जिसका सम्बन्ध राष्ट्र के अस्तित्व से होता है। जब स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन चल रहा था तब यह अवधारणा एक सामान्य भाव से सबके बीच में पनप रही थी एवं आवेग तथा संवेग अपने चरम पर था। उत्तर काल में इसकी गति शनैः अवश्य हो जाती है किन्तु राष्ट्रवाद की भावना का अन्त नहीं होता। इस काल में यह अवधारणा कई धाराओं में विकसित होती दिखती है। इसी में एक धारा का विकास 1925 में जन्मे संगठन राष्ट्रीय स्वंय सेवक संघ में पोषित होती है।</p> <p><br /><br /><br /></p> 2021-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Preeti Pandey PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF UPLAND RICE; WATER AND NITROGEN UPTAKES AND WATER USE EFFICIENCY UNDER WET AND PARTIAL DRYING SOIL CONDITIONS 2021-07-19T10:02:52+00:00 Mganga Joshua Fimbo Kitilu <p>Rice is an important cereal and staple food crop in Tanzania, the rice production has not met the demand, mainly due to water shortage. Dissemination of New Rice for Africa (NERICA) has been in progress to improve production in upland rice ecosystem. A pot experiment was conducted in a split plot design at university farm to elucidate water uptake, water use efficiency and nitrogen uptakes for two NERICA cultivars (NERICA1 and 2) and two Japanese rice cultivars ( and ). Amount of transpired water was recorded every day until maturity. Nitrogen uptake at booting and maturity growth stage were compared between these cultivars. The results indicated that amount of water transpired was greater for NERICA cultivars in the period from booting to maturity, in particular, under the dry soil condition. All the cultivars showed similar slope of regression lines between amount of transpired water and dry matter production (Water use efficiency), Nitrogen concentration per unit weight was higher in NERICA rice than in Japanese rice during grain filling stage. These results indicate that NERICA’s rice cultivars have high productivity due to higher water and Nitrogen uptake during grain filling stage compared with the Japanese rice cultivars tested.</p> 2021-07-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Kitilu, Mganga Joshua Fimbo THE INDIA MUTATIONS AND B.1.617 DELTA VARIANTS: IS THERE A GLOBAL "STRATEGY" FOR MUTATIONS AND EVOLUTION OF VARIANTS OF THE SARS-COV2 GENOME? 2021-07-19T10:02:49+00:00 Jean Claude Perez <p>In this paper, we run for all INDIA mutations and variants a biomathematical numerical method for analysing mRNA nucleotides sequences based on UA/CG Fibonacci numbers proportions (Perez, 2021). In this study, we limit ourselves to the analysis of whole genomes, all coming from the mutations and variants of SARS-CoV2 sequenced in India in 2020 and 2021. We then demonstrate - both on actual genomes of patients and on variants combining the most frequent mutations to the SARS-CoV2 Wuhan genomes and then to the B.1.617 variant - that the numerical Fibonacci AU / CG metastructures increase considerably in all cases analyzed in ratios of up to 8 times. We can affirm that this property contributes to a greater stability and lifespan of messenger RNAs, therefore, possibly also to a greater INFECTUOSITY of these variant genomes.</p> <p>Out of a total of 108 genomes analyzed:</p> <ul> <li>None ("NONE") of them contained a number of metastructures LOWER than those of the reference SARS-CoV2 Wuhan genome.</li> <li>Eleven (11) among them contained the same number of metastructures as the reference genome.</li> <li>97 of them contained a GREATER number of metastructures than the reference genome, ie 89.81% of cases. The average increase in the number of metastructures for the 97 cases studied is 4.35 times the number of SARS-CoV2 UA/CG 17711 Fibonacci metastructures.</li> </ul> <p>Finally, we put a focus on B.1.617.2 crucial exponential growth Indian variant.</p> <p>Then, we demonstrate, by analyzing the main worldwide 19 variants, both at the level of spikes and of whole genomes, how and why these UA / CG metastuctures increase overall in the variants compared to the 2 reference strains SARS-CoV2 Wuhan and D614G. Then, we discuss the possible risk of ADE for vaccinated people.</p> <p>To complete this article, an ADDENDUM by Nobelprizewinner Luc Montagnier vas added at the end of this paper.</p> <p><br /><br /></p> 2021-07-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jean-Claude Perez