International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH 2021-10-21T20:35:07+00:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <h3>International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH</h3> <p>is an open access peer-reviewed journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering, Management, Social, Arts, Commerce, Technology and Science etc. It is an international refereed e-journal as well as print journal. IJRG have the aim to propagate innovative research and eminence in knowledge. IJRG Journals has become a prominent contributor for the research communities and societies. IJRG Journal is making the bridge between research and developments.</p> RESILIENCE, RELIGIOUS ORIENTATION, AND EMOTION REGULATION AMONG FIRST-YEAR THEOLOGICAL STUDENTS 2021-10-01T20:32:51+00:00 Elisabeth Sitepu May Rauli Simamora Johanes Waldes Hasugian <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between religious orientation, emotion regulation, and resilience of first-year theological students. The total sample used in this study was 59 first-year theological students at a theological college in Indonesia. The results show a statistically significant positive relationship between religious orientation, emotion regulation, and resilience. The results also show that the effective contribution of emotion regulation is higher than the religious orientation towards resilience. These results indicate the importance of emotional regulation training and religious orientation education to develop resilience in the lives of first-year theological students.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisabeth Sitepu, May Rauli Simamora, Johanes Waldes Hasugian RESPONSE OF RICE VARIETIES GROWN ON CALCAREOUS AND ACID MIXED SOILS AMENDED BY VERMICOMPOST UNDER VARIABLE CLIMATES 2021-10-01T20:32:27+00:00 M.K. Saha H.R. Khan M.S. Hossain S. Akter <p>A field experiment was conducted to explore how rice (BINA Dhan 11 and BRRI Dhan 34) responds in modified soil and climatic conditions. They were planted on artificially prepared soil beds by mixing calcareous and acid soils in 1:1 and 1:3 ratios. Soil temperature (St) was elevated up to 2<sup>0</sup>C over the diurnal ones. Moisture (M) was maintained at 50%, 70%, and saturated (100%) soil conditions. Vermicompost (V) was applied at the rates of 0, 10, and 15 tha<sup>-1</sup>. The number of tillers and plant height were recorded at 25 days intervals. The maximum number of 26 and 27 tillers for BINA Dhan 11 and BRRI Dhan 34 were recorded. The longest plant height was observed with the T<sub>10 </sub>(V<sub>15</sub>M<sub>100</sub>) treatment. The treatment T<sub>3 </sub>(V<sub>15</sub>M<sub>100</sub>) resulted in maximum fresh weight of shoot and shoot dry matter production for both rice varieties in 1:3 mixed soil. Both varieties performed well in 1:3 mixed soils and elevated temperature conditions, as observed for normal soils. This evidence concluded that the improvement of calcareous and acid soils through their mixing is a successful approach and confirmed by the treatments' usual responses on different rice growth parameters under these mixed soils.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 M.K. Saha, H.R. Khan, M.S. Hossain, S. Akter THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE PROTECTION OF COMMUNITY LAND ON GREEN-ZONE 2021-09-30T20:35:49+00:00 Nourma Dewi <p>Land rights are one of the rights of life of the community. This right should have been protected by the state as the implementation of Article 33 paragraph (3) of the 1945 Republic of Indonesia Constitution that the earth and natural wealth in it are protected by the state and used for the people's prosperity. This right is violated by the determination of land owned by the people declared in the green zone so that its use and allocation is limited by the government. On the other hand, when the land will be used in the framework of government planning, the status of the land will change according to the interests of the government. This phenomenon illustrates that the law that should support the state to give a sense of justice to the people on the contrary makes people's rights not fulfilled. The aim to be achieved in this study is to analyze the role of the government in protecting community land rights in the green zone. This research is normative legal research. Based on the research, it was concluded that community welfare and community justice were not well accommodated by the government regarding land in the green zone because there was a lack of clear arrangements regarding the ability to transfer the land.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nourma Dewi DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND EVALUATION OF RUNOFF WATER HARVESTING POND FOR SMALLHOLDER FARMING 2021-09-30T20:35:25+00:00 Bayan Ahmed Fikadu Gemeda <p>Rainfall shortage and variability constrain crop production of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia is the main problem. &nbsp;For this supplementary irrigation by run off harvesting is strategic pathway to reduce poverty in rural drought prone areas for enhancing agricultural productivity and boosting farm income. For this, this study is conducted to Design, construction and evaluation of runoff water harvesting Pond for supplementary irrigation to addressing inherent crop failures under the rain fed agriculture due to mainly erratic rainfall. For this design climatic and soil data were input to determine seasonal crop water requirement (CWR) of onion and evaporation loss of water from water surface. Then the performances of water harvested verses area irrigate were evaluated. To make this study more economical the water harvester capacity decreed by two fold and water harvesting made at two times. Seasonal volume crop water requirement (CWR) of onion for farm area 2500 m<sup>2</sup> and evaporation loss of water from water surface of 121 m<sup>2 </sup>and total volume of seasonal water need were&nbsp;&nbsp; 382.05,53.38 and 435.43 m<sup>3 </sup>&nbsp;respectively. The geo-membrane laminated water harvester that has capacity of 223 m<sup>3</sup> was designed and constructed. From on field performance shows, this volume of water harvested twice can irrigate 0.25ha by supplementary irrigation using water saving irrigation technology (treadle pump) by over showering and was produced 4.2 tone/ha. The investment, operation and production costs were 63116, 1125 and 6675 ETH birr respectively.&nbsp; The total cost was 70,916 birr and The growth return of 0.25ha was 15,750 birr/year (1050kg*15 birr/kg). This show the farmer can return 22.21% of their investment cost. So it is recommended to the government and non-government to initiate the farmers at lower stream of the catchment to harvest run off water and use for supplementary irrigation to increase their income.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bayan Ahmed, Fikadu Gemeda ECOFRIENDLY ADSORBENT FROM FOOD WASTE FOR WATER PURIFICATION 2021-09-30T20:34:37+00:00 K.S. Beena Kumari S. Mary Paulin <p>Egg shell, which is a waste material emerging out in large quantities from poultries, homes and restaurants, may be used as a good adsorbent for heavy metals. Different types of eggshells were used in this study for the adsorption of a major pollutant such as iron from surface water. Effect of CaCO<sub>3</sub> content in the egg shell, particle size, contact time, temperature and shaking on adsorption were also studied. The adsorption isotherms fitted by the Langmuir model revealed that the adsorption of iron by eggshell samples was monolayer adsorption.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 K.S. Beena Kumari, S. Mary Paulin “SANJHYA” THE GODDESS TRADITIONAL ART FORM OF INDIAN ART 2021-09-30T20:35:01+00:00 Dr.Vikrant Shah Vikrant <p>If there is any priority for mankind with bread, cloth and house then it will be said to be an expression of his art, his feelings. This is the reason why pre-historic man has also painted on the walls of caves, which today help historians to understand that ancient civilization are the center of interest of tourists.</p> <p>"Sanjhya" is a very ancient and the goddess traditional art form of Indian. Perhaps it is a spiritual image to connect the divine to the earth. Apart from Madhya Pradesh, "Sanjhya" is spread in the terrain of Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana etc. Most of the women and youth are making Sanjhya in specific art form. The specialty of these folk art is that these are three-dimensional art on wall consider it to be a reflection of simplicity and culture of ordinary living being through his arts. These artworks show how colorful the imagination of a human can make even a simple straight life. Animals such as peacocks, lions, bears, deer, crocodiles, fish, rivers, mountains, fields, trees, moon are the subjects of their art work, which these community give a multi-colored look on a wall of length and width. These artwork made from unique images of human and divine also. Sanjhya is used on the entrance of the house and on the walls in the courtyard and portrays the family wedding, death or other religious occasions. These pictures are a simple demonstration of the nature and living conditions of these people.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Vikrant Shah POULTRY PRODUCTION AND SELLING CLASSIFICATIONS IN JIMMA HORRO WEREDA, OROMIA WESTERN WOLLEGA 2021-09-30T20:33:48+00:00 Soresa Shuma Abdisa Abdisa Abraham Challa Moti Erena Bedane <p>A survey was conducted at Jimma&nbsp; Horro District, Oromia&nbsp; Region. The key purpose of the study was to describe the present poultry production and selling structure of the Jimma&nbsp; Horro District. Over-all 165 aimlessly nominated poultry holders were used for the study. As the results, indicate there were three poultry manufacture structures in the study areas, foraging with seasonal feed supplementation (86.7%). The mean amount of eggs placed/clutch and yearly yield of local hens was 12.3 and 39.8eggs respectively. There was no formal chicken and chicken product marketing channel in the Jimma Horro District and informal marketing of live birds and eggs involving open markets are common throughout the district.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Soresa Shuma Abdisa, Abdisa Abraham Challa, Moti Erena Bedane THE USE OF DIGIPRENEUR AND SOCIOPRENEUR ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP INTEREST OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS 2021-09-30T20:34:12+00:00 Lucia Warisetyaningsih Erni Murniarti Desideria Regina <p>This analysis aims to determine how the influence of the use of digipreneur and sociopreneurship on the entrepreneurial interest of vocational students. Especially with the condition of economic digitization which has become an icon of the factory revolution 4.0 at this time, it is a "threat" for business operators who always insist on implementing and managing their business in conventional ways. Digipreneurs have had a tremendous impact on the current entrepreneurial development. This has resulted in the creation of new technology-based entrepreneurs in developing their business innovations. No less than among young people equivalent to vocational high school students. It is different with sociopreneur whose development is an effort to improve the welfare of the people in the surrounding environment so that they can solve social problems with a business approach. Perfect and planned and prolonged social entrepreneurship can be tried through learning activities that lead to the development of sociopreneurs from vocational high school students. As the younger generation, they are agents of change who can share socio-economic changes by providing the latest opportunities for the community.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lucia Warisetyaningsih, Erni Murniarti, Desideria Regina ANALYSIS OF BANK SOUNDNESS LEVEL USING RGEC METHOD BEFORE AND AFTER THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PSAK 71 2021-09-30T20:33:02+00:00 Dian Indri Purnamasari Adelia Prima Retina Claranita <p>The changing economic conditions require dynamic regulations on economic system in order to keep the pace of economic growth. By the dynamic nature we mean making constant changes in economic aspects in efforts to adapt to the current conditions. An example could be the bank regulation which is an important institution in distributing funds to concerned parties. The present study aims to determine the differences in bank soundness level before and after the implementation of PSAK 71 in Indonesian commercial banks. We adopted assessments of Risk Profile, Earnings, Good Corporate Governance and Capital. The study used 21 samples collected using a purposive sampling approach. To analyze our data we used descriptive statistics, normality test, and paired t-test. The results indicate that differences were found between all ratios before and after the implementation of PSAK 71, except NPL ratio.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dian Indri Purnamasari, Adelia Prima Retina Claranita INTRODUCING GAP IN HAIR FOLLICLE ELECTROMAGNETISM AS MECHANISM FOR THE PRESENCE OF BIPOLAR ELECTRICAL CHARGES INHERENT IN THE HUMAN HAIR SHAFT 2021-09-30T20:31:53+00:00 Abraham A. Embi <p>The human hair consists of a follicle anchored in the skin and a protruding shaft, it has also been described as a miniorgan, having its own cell divisions, metabolism, and known to undergo aging stages; eventually reaching a point where the old hair sheds and a new hair growing cycle begins from the same follicular tissue. Using sophisticated magnetometers, magnetic field emitted by direct current (DC) in human hair follicles were detected and introduced in 1980. Most recently in 2015, a tabletop optical microscopy method was developed and published in 2016, thus allowing for the detection of hair follicles and shaft magnetic fields. Qualitative images are presented where the bipolar electrical property of the shaft is documented. This finding was inferred since blood tissue carries a negative charge, thus repelled by an equal charge; experiments support a positive (+) field as triggering coagulation. The shaft is repeatedly shown in experiments to express a contralateral positive side triggering. Fibrin formation is also documented by images showing intricate networks indicative of blood coagulation. In conclusion, the genesis of hair shafts bipolarity is shown resulting from a “gap” in the follicle electromagnetic fields inhibiting energy from fully engulfing the shaft.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Abrahám A. Embí BS FAMILY INTERVENTIONS TO DEAL WITH PSYCHO SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF CARETAKERS OF PERSONS LIVING WITH CANCER – CASE STUDY 2021-09-30T20:32:16+00:00 Shwetha Rasquinha Rameela Shekhar <p>Family has a central role at the time of crisis. When an individual suffers with terminal illness like Cancer it definitely becomes more supportive. But in a crisisful situation like such, the family requires supportive interventions. This article presents a case study of primary caretaker of a cancer patient who undergoes severe psycho social challenges. Aim of this paper is to highlight the need and effectiveness of family intervention by Medical Social Worker through a case study. Psycho education to family, team work, utilizing the resources has shown remarkable results in reducing the psycho social problems of caretaker. Family environment plays a very significant role in psycho social support of its members. Positive environment and family socialization experiences enhances one’s ability to cope with stress and anxiety. Hence family interventions for caretakers of persons living with cancer can support both care givers and patients. Multidisciplinary approach in cancer care is the need of the hour. It can build a proper support mechanism for the person suffering from cancer and his family. The most important implication of the current study is the unveiling of the need for Medical Social Workers in oncology settings and the interventions they can deliver. A professionally trained medical Social Worker, equipped with psycho social skills to work with caretakers, patients and their families can be a effective oncology Social Worker</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Shwetha Rasquinha, Dr Rameela Shekhar THE IMPORTANCE OF FLORA ADMINISTRATION IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF GUARUJÁ (SP), BRAZIL 2021-09-30T20:36:13+00:00 Sidney Fernandes Luiz Cláudio Souza de Oliveira <p><strong>Objective –</strong> The study aimed to map, identify and catalog the tree species present in the municipality of Guarujá, Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, State of São Paulo, used in the afforestation of the municipality. The criteria for the choice of species by the city were evaluated, aiming through this survey, future proposals for better management in the administration of inclusion of urban flora; inclusion of native species, prioritizing species that are attractive to the region's fauna. <strong>Methods -</strong> During the study, samples were taken in 5 (five) points of the city of Guarujá, with materials that present an equivalent representation of populations. The studies were carried out following seasonality, in order to observe the environmental influence on the distribution of plants. <strong>Results -</strong> Twelve families, 28 genera and 29 species were identified in the samples carried out in 117 streets in 5 districts, being 57 streets in the Vila Áurea district, 24 streets in the Jardim Progresso district, 10 streets in the Santa Rosa district, 12 streets in the Pitangueiras district and 10 streets in the Virginia Garden District. <strong>Conclusion -</strong> The interest in paying attention to plant species used in afforestation in the municipality of Guarujá is due to the fact that inappropriate afforestation is observed, sometimes planted by residents, without guidance and thus without technical criteria, thus creating a future problem, for example, causing problems urban areas such as pavement destruction, changes in the landscape and species that are not always attractive to fauna. Another fact that is also observed is the low diversity of species present, many of them exotic and not native to the region.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sidney Fernandes, Luiz Cláudio Souza de Oliveira FROM LINEAR TO CIRCULAR ECONOMY: THE ROLE OF REGIONAL AWARENESS AND INITIATIVES 2021-09-30T20:33:25+00:00 Louis Delcart <p>Although many OECD countries are working on it, the economy is only slowly developing from linear to circular. However, many economists are convinced that this is the only viable path if we want to prevent a climate catastrophe by 2050 and thereby leave a habitable and developable world for the next generations. Numerous articles in the press point out that many companies are only at the beginning of a gigantic effort to make their production CO2 neutral but also sustainable and that a lot of innovation will be needed before that happens. So, what are the reasons why the transition towards a circular economy is so difficult to make?</p> <p>The European Academy of the Regions, that advocates the regionalisation of a number of economic and socio-cultural sectors, closely follows the development of the circular economy. Since the beginning of May 2021, it has therefore set-up a blog in which newspaper articles are translated from various countries to English with examples of successful circular economy initiatives or of critical studies: To date, the organisation made a statistical study on the 100 selected articles<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a> published between 3/5/2021 and 3/9/2021 that will give the reader an idea of the themes that are most frequently discussed and of the remedies that are created. The articles come from newspapers and magazines from Belgium (Dutch and French), the Netherlands, Germany, Spain and the US and to a lesser extent from Switzerland, Canada and France. The results of this research are an overview of the topics covered, of indications of how initiatives are created, who is the influencer as well as an overview of the articles that have received more than 100 clicks on social media.</p> <p>It has been striking that many of the initiatives described by the press have arisen from companies whose top management is aware of the bend that urgently needs to be made and who also see commercial opportunities to start early. There are also a number of cooperative initiatives, that still succeed in creating successful initiatives from a small-scale approach. A second important player in this conversion is the academic world, especially faculties or even entire universities that have been conducting research into new materials or new applications for a long time. The traditional third player are the authorities, but very often regional governments or large cities.</p> <p>The conclusion remarks show that circular economy can only be successful if companies see a profit model in it, or are forced to change their course by public opinion because of negative perception and that we are not yet there.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Louis Delcart INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DECOMPOSİTİON, DİSPATCH AND DISTRIBUTION EMPLOYEES IN POSTAGE WORKS ON LEVELS OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT 2021-09-30T20:32:39+00:00 Ali Topal <p>The aim of the research is to determine the demographic characteristics of the employees who make decomposition, dispatch and distribution in the postal works; is to determine at what level it affects organizational commitment levels. The population of the research consists of 2703 people who make decomposition, dispatch and distribution in postal works in Ankara province. The sample consists of 238 volunteers, 122 of whom are male and 116 are females. Data and information were collected by applying the organizational commitment scale developed by Meyer, Allen, and Smith and the questionnaire with 7 demographic questions in October, November and December 2018, and in January, February and March 2019. There is one main hypothesis and seven sub-hypotheses in the research.</p> <p>Normality, skewness and kurtosis test, t test from hypothesis tests and ANOVA test from variance analysis techniques were used in the research. As a result of the analyzes applied, it has been seen that the demographic characteristics of the employees who make decomposition, dispatch and distribution in the postal works play an effective role on organizational commitment.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ali Topal SIX FRACTAL CODES OF LIFE FROM BIOATOMS ATOMIC MASS TO CHROMOSOMES NUMERICAL STANDING WAVES: THREE BREAKTHOUGHS IN ASTROBIOLOGY, CANCERS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 2021-10-01T20:32:03+00:00 Jean Claude Perez Luc Montagnier <p>The discovery of a simple numerical formula for the projection of all the atomic mass of life-sustaining CONHSP bioatoms leads to the emergence of a set of Nested CODES unifying all the biological, genetic and genomic components by unifying them from bioatoms up to 'to whole genomes. In particular, we demonstrate the existence of a digital meta-code common to the three languages ​​of biology that are RNA, DNA and amino acid sequences. Through this meta-code, genomic and proteomic images appear almost analogous and correlated. The analysis of the textures of these images then reveals a binary code as well as an undulatory code whose analysis on the human genome makes it possible to predict the alternating bands constituting the cariotypes of the chromosomes. The application of these codes to perspectives in astrobiology and the emergence of binary codes and regions of local stability (voting process), whose fractal nature we demonstrate, is illustrated. The fundamental discovery described here will undoubtedly one day constitute a new biomathematic approach to the emergence of living things.</p> 2021-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jean-claude PEREZ INFLUENCE OF TEACHERS’ COMPETENCE ON SUCCESS OF SUNDAY-SCHOOL AS A MISSION FIELD AT AFRCAN INLAND CHURCH, BONDENI LOCAL CHURCH, KENYA 2021-10-02T20:33:05+00:00 Charles Rop John Ngige Julius Kithinji <p>Sunday-school is an important component of the church because it helps the church to produce healthy individuals that become active members. The objective of the study was to examine the influence on teachers’ competence on the success of Sunday-school as a mission field at A.I.C Bondeni in Nakuru County, Kenya. Specifically, the study examined how budgetary allocation, competence of Sunday-school teachers and also how administrative support influence Sunday-school as a mission field in the aforementioned church. The population of 548 Sunday-school instructors, youth, parents of Sunday-school children, pastors, and administrators at the AIC Bondeni Local Church was studied using a descriptive survey design. Stratified random sampling was used to select 85 respondents from the research population.&nbsp; To obtain data, a detailed self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was pilot tested before being used to collect data for the main study, in order to determine its validity and reliability. Prior to data collection, all necessary permits and consents were obtained. The collected data was analysed qualitatively and quantitatively with the aid of the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences software. Results revealed that teachers’ competence have a positive and statistically significant influence on the success of Sunday-school as a mission field. From the discoveries, the study recommends that AIC Bondeni and other churches should create budgetary allocation for teachers’ stipends, assess the theological understanding of Sunday-school teachers, and create continual teachers’ training and development programmes</p> 2021-10-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Charles Rop, John Ngige, Julius Kithinji DETERMINANTS OF WORKING CAPITAL IN INDIAN REALTY SECTOR 2021-10-02T20:32:18+00:00 Shivakumar Babitha Thimmaiah <p>Working capital is important aspect which ensures sufficient short-term capital to maintain the firm’s day-to-day operations and creating maximum value to the firm. As working capital may have a major impact on profitability, understanding the firm-specific determinants of working capital is important. This study was conducted on the firm-specific determinants of working capital in the Indian Realty Sector.&nbsp; The independent variables employed in the study includes firm size, asset tangibility, leverage, profitability, sales growth, and fixed assets growth, while the dependent variables employed in the study are inventory, receivables, payables, and cash conversation days. The study based on the sample of thirteen companies of Indian Realty Sector, of which five were large-cap, five were mid-cap, and three are small-cap companies. The study was conducted for the period of 2011-20. The study employed fixed-effects panel regression to analyse the significance of the firm-specific determinants of working capital in the Indian Realty Sector.</p> 2021-10-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Shivakumar, Dr. Babitha Thimmaiah The SCIENTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF INDIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL NUTRITION (IJAN) 2021-10-02T20:32:41+00:00 Rajendran L. <p>Using scientometric analysis, animal nutrition research from 2016 to 2020 was collected from the quarterly journal of the Indian Journals of Animal Nutrition. According to the research, 384 papers were written between 2016 and 2020, with 24 papers being highly published in 2016. As a result, animal nutrition is the most popular topic among scientists interested in veterinary research, with 1838 papers published out of 384. &nbsp;In particular, author Chander Data published 15 publications in the years (2016, 2017, 2018, and 2020), and some authors published (2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) articles in the years (2016, 2017, 2018, and 2020).</p> 2021-10-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rajendran L. ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES OF CONSUMERS REGARDING FOOD SAFETY IN BAHRI LOCALITY, KHARTOUM STATE, SUDAN 2021-10-06T20:32:38+00:00 Layla Abdalkhalig. A Mohammed Babiker M. H I.E. Ola Mohammed Abdelsalam Abdalla <p>Food borne illnesses are prevalent in all parts of the world. Contaminated food Contributes to 1.5 billion cases of diarrhea in children each year, resulting in more than three million premature deaths (WHO).</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;This study was conducted in August 2016 in Bahri locality, Khartoum state, to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the consumers regard food safety.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A total of questionnaire guided face to face interview with 120 respondents were carried out. Major food safety knowledge concepts include clean and hygiene, general sanitation, safe storage of food, proper cooking of food, use of thermometer in cooking. In general, the respondents had good knowledge about some food safety related issues and not enough knowledge about other issues.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results of the questionnaire showed that most of the respondents know the importance of washing hands before handling food 63% and wash the instruments and cleaning of the counter just after the preparation of the meal 83%. The results of the questionnaire revealed that 50% of the respondents know the importance of covering hands with a bandage and gloves when preparing food with cuts on their hands. Also, its reveal that 80% of the respondents didn`t know the proper way of thawing, and 84.2% of the respondents didn`t know food thermometer which use to ensuring proper cooking.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study recommend for Consumers should know and apply the five keys to safer food and implementing more training programs to the consumers to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices towards food safety.</p> 2021-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Layla Abdalkhalig. A, Mohammed Babiker M. H, I.E. Ola, Mohammed Abdelsalam Abdalla TEACHING RESEARCH METHODOLOGY (TRM) AND SUPERVISING RESEARCH WORK (SRW): CONCEPTIONS, DIFFICULTIES, AND PRACTICES OF LEBANESE UNIVERSITY INSTRUCTORS 2021-10-07T20:33:01+00:00 Eman Shaaban Assaad Yammine Iman Khalil <p>Research methodology is an essential subject in higher education, however, it is challenging to instructors because of the complexity of the course material. This study aims to highlight the conceptions, difficulties and practices of the Lebanese University research methodology instructors and research work supervisors. For this purpose, research experts constructed and validated a questionnaire. 81 instructors and / or supervisors voluntarily participated. Results showed diversification in conceptions of participants with respect to some common essential concepts within the framework of research methodology, this reflects the complexity of the content and can hinder teaching research methodology (TRM) as well as supervising research work (SRW). Moreover, the participants indicated that they face many difficulties during SRW. The majority of the instructors elaborate their own resources for teaching methodology, they implement student-centered teaching methods and variety of assessment methods allowing students to explore and practice methodology concepts. In addition, they update their knowledge and practices on their own by attending conferences, performing research, discussing with colleagues, and by reflecting on their practices. Thus, our findings imply the need to precise the competencies required for TRM and SRW, and to encourage instructors and supervisors to reflect on their practices and share their experiences.</p> 2021-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Eman Shaaban, Assaad Yammine, Iman Khalil OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF HOME-GROWN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME: A CASE OF WESTERN PROVINCE, ZAMBIA 2021-10-07T20:32:53+00:00 Constance Sitali <p>Home-grown school feeding (HGSF) is an innovative approach to school meals that encourages school to source nutritious food from local smallholder farmers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to find out the opportunities and challenges of Home-grown school feeding in Western Province of Zambia. The study was guided by the theory of change by Weiss. Being a qualitative study, descriptive approach was used as a design. A total of 81 informants were targeted; 10 headteachers and 30 teachers from 10 public primary schools, 40 selected smallholder farmers from communities around schools and WFP Provincial Officer. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select the informants as they were directly involved in the school feeding while simple random sampling was used to select 10 public primary schools in 5 districts. The instruments used for data collection were semi-structured questionnaires and face to face interview guide. Qualitative data obtained were transcribed, analysed thematically and presented descriptively with verbatim quotes. The study revealed that HGSF has several opportunities, namely; equitable access to education, foster local economic, stimulating agriculture growth, food security and nutritious foods, diversification of local production, job creation, access to additional market and capacity building among others. Further, despite multiple opportunities, the study was characterized by some challenges such as climate change resulting in an unpredictable weather pattern, inconsistency in supply of food to schools, frequent rise of food prices affecting household food access, low level of agriculture technology and high dependency on rainfall for farming activities, the use of centralised approach to procurement of food,&nbsp; price volatility and unpredictable markets, lack of infrastructure and water scarcity. &nbsp;The study recommended that the Government should put in place a set of mechanisms that assist smallholder farmers in applying good agricultural practices and enhance their adaptability to climate change.</p> 2021-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Constance Sitali EVALUATION OF RISK FACTORS OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN APPLYING TO THE PHYSICAL THERAPY AND REHABILITATION OUTPATIENT CLINIC 2021-10-07T20:32:46+00:00 Ayşe Berhoğlu Barut <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> To investigate the risk factors affecting these pains in patients with low back pain.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> In this retrospective observational study, the patients were asked about their age, gender, occupation, marital status, educational status, economic status and smoking status. The duration of low back pain was measured in months and the severity was 0-no pain and 10-unbearable pain on a 10 cm line with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the data were recorded.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Of 224 patients, 144 (64.3%) were female and 80 (35.7%) were male. The most common causes of chronic low back pain were lumbar spondylosis (120 patients, 53.6%) and discal hernia (68 patients, 30.4%). It was determined that the rate of low back pain was 72.3% higher in patients aged 60 and over. It was observed that as the education level increased, the rate of low back pain decreased significantly. 57.1% of the patients were found to be low-income; low back pain rate was higher in this group compared to the others. When we examined the relationship between smoking and low back pain, it was determined that 60.7% of the patients with low back pain were smoking.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: A significant relationship was found between low back pain and an advanced age female patient, low economic level, low education level, and smoking.</p> 2021-10-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ayşe Berhoğlu Barut TASK-BASED LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TEACHING (ACTIONABLE PERSPECTIVE) OF FRENCH IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KENYA 2021-10-08T20:32:57+00:00 Leonorah Lutiali Adhelheid Bwire Samson Ondigi <p>The nature and extent to which tasks are used in quality writing using the Task-Based Learning and Teaching(TBLT) is important in acquisition of French language. According to the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) reports, performance in quality writing in French is poor maybe because teachers of French may be using TBLT only in teaching.&nbsp; The purpose of this study was to assess the Task-Based Language Learning and Teaching (Actionable Perspective) of French in secondary schools in Kenya. The objective was to establish the nature and extent of TBLT use. The study was carried out in Nairobi City County where eight (8) secondary school teachers of French in Form three and one hundred and twenty-four (124) Form three students formed the study sample.&nbsp; A quasi-experimental research design was used. The data collection instruments were; teachers’ and learners’ questionnaires and a lesson observation guide. These instruments for data collection were refined through a pilot study. Data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using descriptive statistics (means, ranks, frequencies, percentages, standard deviation).&nbsp; It was presented in frequency tables and bar charts. The findings were that TBLT was not only being used in teaching and learning but also in assessment and choice of learning resources.&nbsp; The study recommended use of TBLT alongside other methods, review of text books in line with TBLT, inclusion of TBLT in the syllabus at the teacher-training colleges/universities and mentorship programs in TBLT.</p> 2021-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Leonorah Lutiali, Dr. Adhelheid Bwire, Prof. Samson Ondigi DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION OF MICRORNA IN GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH SOCIAL SUPPORT 2021-10-09T20:33:10+00:00 Lingming Kong Xiaoli Zhu Wei Niu Liyi Zhang <p>To explore the differential expression of microRNA (miRNA, miR-) and its correlation with social support and personality in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) patients. A total of 80 GAD patients and 80 control participants were selected from our serial study samples to be tested for microarray analysis, and real time quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) verification was carried out in both patient group and control group. Correlation between miRNA expression and social support were also carried out. According to microarray analysis, 6 miRNAs were differentially expressed between patient group and control group, with miR-4505, miR-4484, miR-4674, miR-501-3p and miR-663 up-regulated, and miR-1301 down-regulated; qPCR verification revealed that 5 miRNAs (miR-1301, miR-4484, miR-4674,&nbsp; miR-501-3p, miR-663, miR-4505) were significantly up-regulated and the expression of miRNA-1301 down-regulated; the expression of miRNA-1301 was significantly related to social support in GAD patients. In conclusions, comprehensive factors, including miRNA regulation, social support may be involved into the aetiology of GAD.</p> 2021-10-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lingming Kong, Xiaoli Zhu, Wei Niu, Liyi Zhang THE PASSAGE TO OTHER WORLDS: FROM MORAL EDIFICATION TO COLLAPSE OF ALL VALUES 2021-10-09T20:33:17+00:00 Maria-Ana Tupan <p>Is space relevant in a debate over the ethical dimension of a literary work? If we understand it as Foucault<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>, Lefebvre<a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2">[2]</a>, Soja<a href="#_ftn3" name="_ftnref3">[3]</a> or Marc Auger<a href="#_ftn4" name="_ftnref4">[4]</a> do, it is. In Andre Norton’s <em>The Crossroads of Time<a href="#_ftn5" name="_ftnref5"><strong>[5]</strong></a></em>, many worlds coexist as versions of an original earth, ruined by wars whose memories set agents under cover travelling across in order to defend what had remained of humanity besieged by monsters against a universal murderer, Kmoat Vo Pranj. The characters’ psychic powers depend on their interference with the environment – an idea probably originating with quantum experiments whose results depend on the interference of the measuring equipment with the system. An agent talks about alternative histories in an ecological version which relates individuals’ growth or success to favourable conditions in the world out there, to their or society’s benefit</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maria-Ana Tupan THAI SIGN LANGUAGE TO ENGLISH TRANSLATION USING VARIABLE HIDDEN NEURON ANN - A CASE STUDY 2021-10-09T20:33:01+00:00 Sowjanya M N Thimmaraju S N <p>Sign language translation has been a major challenge in all walks of life. The current society has been more accepting of the specially abled and the government has been actively making policy changes to accommodate and assimilate the specially abled into the society. Every country has made a conscious effort to develop its own syllable set in its native language even though globally used language is American Sign Language (ASL). In this paper a method proposed by the authors for ASL is applied on Thai Sign Language and the working of the ANN model is explored.</p> 2021-10-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sowjanya M N, Thimmaraju S N FACTORS THAT AFFECT FINANCIAL DISTRESS IN INDONESIA 2021-10-12T20:33:23+00:00 Yoyo Susdaryo Nunung Ayu Sofiati Ita Kumaratih Nandan Limakrisna Mohd Hassan Che Haat Zikri Muhammad Astrin Kusumawardani Jumadil Saputra <p>The results show that, it is proven that the variable liquidity and interest rates have a negative effect on financial distress. Meanwhile, the variables of Profitability, Leverage and Company Size have a positive effect on financial distress. While the Economic Stimulus variable is known to be the relationship between all variables of Liquidity, Profitability, Leverage, Company Size and Interest Rate on variables to Financial Distress. This means that company leaders must take into account liquidity, profitability, leverage, company size and interest rates to avoid financial distress.</p> 2021-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yoyo Susdaryo, Nunung Ayu, Sofiati, Ita Kumaratih, Nandan Limakrisna, Mohd Hassan Che Haat, Zikri Muhammad, Astrin Kusumawardani, Jumadil Saputra STARS IN THE ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF SPECIES 2021-10-14T20:34:29+00:00 Y. V. Subba Rao <p>The proposed hypothesis of ‘Stars in the Origin and Evolution of Species’ is based on the principle underlying in ‘Jyotish’, one of the six Vedāngas and ancillary of most ancient Vedas of Hinduism. The principle of interaction of electromagnetic force with inorganic chemistry available to us in the universe defines life as an emergent property of matter and as the most plausible hypothesis for explaining the extra-terrestrial origin of species. The current hypothesis of evolution explains the critical milestones in the development of advanced life on Earth during the Cambrian explosion and the complexity of life when humans appeared on earth endowed with a brain of extraordinary intellectual capacities and capabilities which is far more complex than the animal brain and its development in stages is also observed as a plausible mechanism in tune with the phases of elements given out by the stars during their life cycles.</p> 2021-10-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Y. V. Subba Rao THE PEOPLE'S PERCEPTION ON THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA: A BANGLADESH STUDY 2021-08-05T04:07:41+00:00 Anwar Hossain Choudhury <p><em>Background:</em> Media is played the vital role in socialization process. Over the last one and half decades media have been receiving increasing amount of attention as an alternate Watchdog that think tanks in addressing many things. This study develops a framework of talk media socialization in Bangladesh. <em>Methodology:</em> This study was exploratory and descriptive in nature. Both quantitative and qualitative method applied for the collection of data through questionnaire survey interviews and case study. Results: The study shows that the present day media is highlighting a good number of reports on public sector corruption, education, public health, public policy, women empowerment etc. which have both tangible and intangible impacts. But the overall media role is way to reach at satisfactorily well and respondents expressed their reservation with media’s performance. People also believe media controlled by public influence. This study describes the terms political influence and communication level. Public opinion is made in democracy by watching responding to polls besides participating in elections. This research report tries to explain the agenda setting role of mass media during any crisis moment for building consensus of people in Bangladesh. This study investigates both positive and negative assorted influences on public discourses disseminated to Bangladeshi mass media.</p> 2021-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Anwar Hossain Choudhury ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN IN WHEAT GRAIN 2021-10-16T20:35:06+00:00 Venkata Naga Kaumudi Prabha Annavarapu Murali Krishna Pamarthi <p>Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops grown with highest demand. Nitrogen content that enables the protein in the grain is necessary for baking and processing quality. The importance of wheat protein and its functionality in bakery products are well discussed in the given topic. This Study was carried out to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer supply and its implications on bread wheat variety in the baking process. Dumas method is used for estimating the protein content in the bread variety that is grown in two different nitrogen fertilizers supply with 100kg/ha and 350kg/ha respectively. The results clearly depict the highest growth of bread wheat variety which was grown in 350kg/ha of nitrogen supply has high amount of protein content. Wheat is the best source of carbohydrates and the proteins present in are gliadin and glutenin which are responsible to provide viscoelastic properties in the bakery products. Functionality of the bakery products are well discussed in the introduction part. The result includes test values and graphs have been plotted based on the comparison of protein present in bread. In the discussion section the differences and effects of protein in processing of foods are analysed against similar other research works.</p> 2021-10-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Venkata Naga Kaumudi Prabha Annavarapu, Murali Krishna Pamarthi EXPLORING THE ADOLESCENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS JUNK FOOD IN TIRUVANNAMALAI 2021-10-20T20:35:17+00:00 S. Shafiullah R. Sivakumar <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The term fast food or as referred as the junk food is the food which can be served immediately for eating. Sausages, hamburgers and pizzas come under the category of fast food or the junk food. It can be otherwise said that junk food and fast food are used as synonyms. These junk foods are inherent with a high level of energy with high content of sugar, salt and fat. On the contrary, these types of food have the characteristics of low nutritious level with low level of protein, low level of vitamin, low fibre content as well as low level of minerals. The definition for junk food had been given as the foods which are prepared earlier then served or the ones which are prepared immediately for serving. In this context, the current research study has been done to analyse the adolescent’s attitude towards the junk foods. The study has been carried out the junk food consumers in Tiruvannamalai. The respondents of the study are selected through convenience sampling and the sample size is fixed at 100. Questionnaire is the instrument used to collect the information for the study. The collected data is put into analysis through the technique of mean score. The result of the study shows that most of adolescents like the taste of junk food<strong>. </strong></p> 2021-10-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 S. Shafiullah, Dr. R. Sivakumar IMPACT OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION ON PURCHASE INTENTION OF LUXURY PRODUCTS 2021-10-18T20:35:34+00:00 S. Balakumaran M. Ramkumar <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Though the current era has seen a huge extent of recession, due to the Covid 19 issue. But, the consumption of luxury products is seen to be remaining unchanged, even after the recession period. The concept of luxury can be seen in every place. It is the term which is commonly used by the individuals in their daily life. Luxury is the dream of every person for leading an exclusive lifestyle. It is the main element in the field of marketing management and also is a tagline in the campaigns of advertising and commercials. The study is done to examine the effect of consumer perception on the purchase intention of the luxury products. The respondents of the study are the consumers of luxury products residing at Chennai and they are selected through simple random sampling. The collection of data needed for the study is carried out using a questionnaire and the analysis is done by executing regression. The results of analysis show that the purchase intention was highly influenced by the consumer perception.</p> 2021-10-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 S. Balakumaran, Dr. M. Ramkumar IMPACT OF SERVICE QUALITY ON RESIDENTIAL SATISFACTION : A STUDY WITH SPECIAL ATTENTION TO CHENNAI 2021-10-18T20:35:41+00:00 K. Chezhiyan <p>&nbsp;The purpose of this paper is to reveal the residential satisfaction of apartment residents.&nbsp; And it was measured through an antecedent (service quality) and a consequence (word of mouth) of residential satisfaction. Simple random sampling method was employed on 200 residents and multiple linear regressions were carried out. The result shows that 85% of the variance in overall customer satisfaction is accounted for by service quality. From the above findings it is clear that service quality positively influences customer satisfaction.</p> 2021-10-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. K. Chezhiyan EFFECTS OF DIGITAL MARKETING ON BUYING BEHAVIOR AMONG THE ONLINE BUYERS IN CHIDAMBARAM 2021-10-20T20:35:09+00:00 T. B. Badhri Narayanan <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>In this context, digital marketing is the best possible way to meet out the objectives. It is the usage of techniques for reaching a larger audience through some channels like the websites, social media, online advertisements through search engines, advertisements made through multimedia, interactive marketing, e-marketing, mobile marketing and so on. The current research study aims to explore the influence of such digital marketing on the buying behavior of consumers. This study has used questionnaires for the purpose of data collection from the respondents of Chidambaram who made online purchase. the respondents are selected on the basis of simple random sampling and the sample size of the study is 100. The data collected for the study is put into regression analysis for further interpretation of the data. The study reveals the finding that the digital marketing has got a positive influence over the buying behavior.</p> 2021-10-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 T. B. Badhri Narayanan EFFECTIVENESS OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION ON FLAT PURCHASE INTENTION IN CHENNAI 2021-10-20T20:34:59+00:00 S. Thirunavukarasu <p>One of the basic necessities of every human being is shelter. Every individual seeks for a better place to fulfil this necessity. The sector of real estate is the one which helps the individuals to fulfil the need for a home for living. The real estate business helps to build houses, office buildings and other structures according to the needs and requirements of the people. The sector of real estate business is fast growing in developing countries like India, because of huge level of population, increased number of nuclear families and also because of the enhanced levels of income. The main aim of the study is to explore the effect of the perception of the consumers on the purchase intention of the consumers regarding apartments. The study is done among the customers of Chennai. Respondents are selected through simple random sampling. The data needed for the study is collected through a questionnaire and analysis is done using regression. Findings of the study reveal that the purchase intention was highly influenced by the consumer perception<strong>.</strong></p> 2021-10-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. S. Thirunavukarasu AUTOMATED QUEUING SYSTEM ON PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED STATE-OWNED COMMERCIAL ENTITIES IN KENYA: A CONCEPTUAL PAPER 2021-10-21T20:35:07+00:00 Henry Kegoro Judith Ochieng <p>Despite the vital role of automated queuing system on organizational performance from human resource management literature, researchers have paid little attention on state-owned commercial entities and more specifically in Kenya. Studies have revealed controversial findings on the link between automated queuing system and organizational performance thus the need for further studies to bridge the knowledge gaps. The general objective of this study will be to examine the influence of automated queuing system on performance of selected state-owned commercial entities in Kenya. Three specific objectives will be examined. The first objective will be to determine the extent of adoption of automated queuing systems in the selected State-owned entities in Kenya. The second objective will be to establish the influence of automated queuing systems on performance of selected State-owned entities in Kenya. The third objective will be to assess the challenges experienced by selected State-owned entities in Kenya when implementing automated queuing system policies and the fourth objective will be to ascertain ways of mitigating the challenges of implementing automated queuing system policies in State-owned entities in Kenya. This study will be informed by Queue management theory and technology acceptance theory. Exploratory research design will be utilized in this study. Desktop research analysis will be adopted. Published materials including peer-reviewed journals, conference papers, theses and reports relevant with the topic of the current study will be reviewed. Findings, conclusions and recommendations of this study will be derived from findings of previous empirical studies. Recommendations will be made in accordance with recommended protocols and guidelines of statistical literature. Further research will be recommended in other areas using different methodologies to facilitate collaboration of the results.</p> 2021-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Henry Kegoro, Judith Ochieng