Coronavirus Anxiety Scale, Health Employee, Scale Development, COVID-19


The aim of this study was to develop a scale that includes occupational features to measure the coronavirus anxiety levels of healthcare professionals. The research was carried out on healthcare employees and convenience sampling method was used. 106 health employees participated in the first pilot, and 209 health employees participated in the second pilot. The research data were collected by survey method. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS 25.0, IBM SPSS Amos 25.0 programs. As a result of the Explanatory Factor Analysis, it was determined that the scale consists of seven items and two factors. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed in order to examine the model fit of the scale, and as a result of the analysis, it was found that the scale was at a good level. The scale was found to be highly reliable (CA> 0.80).


Download data is not yet available.


Aşkın, R., Bozkurt, Y., Zeybek, Z. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic: Psychological Effects and Therapeutic Interventions. Istanbul Commerce University Journal of Social Sciences, 19 (37), 304-318.

Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2002). Factor Analysis: Basic Concepts and Its Use in Scale Development. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 8 (4), 470-483.

Dinesh, S., & MuniRaju, Y. (2021). Scalability Of E-Commerce in the COVID-19 ERA. International Journal of Research-GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 123-128. DOI:

Hutcheson, G. D. & Sofroniou, N. (1999). The Multivariate Social Scientist: Introductory Statistics Using Generalized Linear Models. London: Sage Publications. DOI:

Lee, S. A. (2020). Coronavirus Anxiety Scale: A Brief Mental Health Screener For COVID-19 Related Anxiety. Death studies, 44(7), 393-401. DOI:

Marcoulides, G., & Schumacher, R. (2001). New Developments And Techniques in Structural Equation Modelling. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. DOI:

Nal, M. (2020). Turkey's health policy during COVID-19 pandemic. INSAC Natural and Health Sciences (INHS-2020), 286–290.

Seçer, İ. (2015). Psychological Test Development and Adaptation Process; SPSS and Lisrel Applications. Ankara: Anı publishing.

Spielberger, C.D., R.C. Gorsuch, & R.E. Luschene. (1970). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Invenntory. California: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Tavşancıl, E. (2014). Measurement of Attitudes and Data Analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing.

Templer, D. I. (1970). The Construction and Validation of A Death Anxiety Scale. The Journal of General Psychology, 82(2), 165-177. DOI:

Silva, W. A. D., de Sampaio Brito, T. R., & Pereira, C. R. (2020). COVID-19 anxiety scale (CAS): Development and psychometric properties. Current Psychology, 1-10.

WHO. Date of access:07/12/2020.




How to Cite

Nal, M., & Nal, B. (2021). CORONAVIRUS ANXIETY SCALE DEVELOPMENT FOR HEALTHCARE EMPLOYEES. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(2), 149–156.