LIVELIHOOD REALISM: A REVIEW ON CLOSED TEA GARDENS OF DOOARS, WEST BENGAL
Keywords:Closed Tea Garden, Dooars, Livelihood
The paper is an attempt to understanding the ongoing livelihood realities in closed/ abandoned tea garden of Bengal-Dooars (Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar). The region produced large scale good qualities tea in more than 150 organised tea estates. Tea industry of North Bengal has been trashily affected by global economic quandary and local constraints. Many tea estates failed to manage the shock; the management closed many gardens. The garden closure and work shutdown have been produced a livelihood disaster. A school drop-out, child trafficking, Child labour mobility, rally of hunger and starvation death and extreme poverty is the ongoing livelihood phenomena in labour colonies of closed tea gardens. The present paper has discussed the particulars (housing, drinking water, medical facilities, education, liabilities etc.) of five closed gardens by using the data from TG Survey Final Report, Labour Commissionerate, Govt. of West Bengal and Tea Board of India.
ActionAid, "Tea Break - A Crisis Brewing in India”, UK, 2005
Behind Closed and Abandoned Tea Gardens- Status Report of India (2007), www.cec-india.org
Bhattacharya, A., Deb, R., Kapoor, C. (2019) Photo feature: Struggle and hope in the tea gardens of the Dooars. https://scroll.in/article/940717/photo-feature-struggle-and-hope-in-the-tea-gardens-of-the-dooars
Biswas, S., Chokraborty, D., Berman, S., & Berman, J. (2005). Nutritional Survey of Tea Workers on Closed, Re-Opened, and Open Tea Plantations of the Dooars Region, West Bengal, India. Paschim Banga Khet MajoorSamity (West Bengal Agricultural Workers‟ Association), in association with the International Union of Foodworkers and the American Jewish World Service.
Chakraborty, S. (2013). Tea, tragedy and child trafficking in the Terai Dooars. Economic and Political Weekly, 17-19.
De Haan, A. (1995). Migration in eastern India: A segmented labour market. The Indian Economic & Social History Review, 32(1), 51-93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/001946469503200103
Ghosh, B. (2014). Vulnerability, forced migration and trafficking in children and women: A field view from the plantation industry in West Bengal. Economic and Political Weekly, 58-65.
GOTHOSKAR, S. (2012). This Chāy Is Bitter: Exploitative Relations in the Tea Industry. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(50), 33-40. Retrieved February 2, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/41720464
Kurmi, P. (2014). Problem of Educational Attainment of Children, A case Study of the Tea Garden Labourer’s Households in Derby Tea Estate. Research journal of language, literature and humanities, 1(4), 1-7.
Roy, N. C., & Biswas, D. (2018). Closed Tea Estates: A Case Study of the Dooars Region of West Bengal, India. Vision, 22(3), 329-334. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972262918788231
Roy, S. K., Kar Chakraborty, S., & Mozumdar, A. (2013). Health: Cognition and Threshold among the Oraon Tea Garden Labourers of Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal. Journal of Anthropology, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/987584
Sen, A. K. (2012). Plight of Tea Garden Workers. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(6), 5-5.
Sen, R. (2015). Tea Workers–Distressed in the Organized Industry in North Bengal. THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, 535-549.
Saikia, S., Misra, S., & Misra, B. (2013). Tea garden labours and their living conditions: a study on sarusarai tea garden of jorhat district of Assam.
Talwar, A., Chakraborty, D., & Biswas, S. (2005). Study on closed and re-opened tea gardens in North Bengal. Paschim Banga Khet Majoor Samity and International Union of Food, Agriculture, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco, Plantation and Allied Workers Association (IUF).
Thakur, U. (1995). " Sick" Tea Plantations in Assam and Bengal. Labour, Capital and Society/Travail, capital et société, 44-66.
Xaxa, V. (1985). Colonial capitalism and underdevelopment in North Bengal. Economic and Political Weekly, 1659-1665.