UNDERLYING FACTORS AFFECTING UTILIZATION OF COMPUTER – BASED INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES BY AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PERSONNEL IN AKWA IBOM, NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Akpabio Iniobong Aniefiok Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • Glory Emmanuel Edet Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • Joan Ekpo Cyril Community and Social Development Project In Akwa Ibom State Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3143

Keywords:

Computer-Based Internet Technologies, Utilization, Underlying Factors, Extension Personnel, Akwa Ibom State

Abstract

The study sought to examine factors affecting utilization of Computer Based Internet Technologies (CBIT) by extension personnel in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Relevant data were obtained from 180 respondents, while data analyses were achieved with the aid of descriptive and inferential statistical tools. Findings showed that 57.8 % of the respondents were male, 91.7% were married, with a mean age of 43years, while 62.8% respondents had no formal computer training. It was also revealed that, of the nine surveyed CBIT facilities and applications, only mobile phones were highly utilized, while I-pads/laptops and YouTube were the least utilized. It was also revealed that 62.8% respondents indicated that they had a low level of CBIT utilization, while level of CBIT utilisation was found to be influenced by financial, training, policy/personal barriers, social, technical and management factors. Results of tested hypotheses revealed that CBIT utilisation was not influenced by respondents’ personal characteristics, and no significant difference was observed in terms of level of CBIT utilization between field extension personnel (FEP) and supervisory extension personnel (SEP). It was concluded that extension personnel are constrained from using CBIT due to the prohibitive cost of CBIT software and maintenance, inappropriate infrastructure and lack of access to training opportunities. It is recommended, among others, that policy makers should facilitate the evolution of appropriate CBIT policies to enhance access to appropriate tools by extension personnel.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agha, Noor., B.S. Ghanghas and Chahal, P.K. 2018. “Use of Information and Communication Technologies by Extension Personnel to Disseminate Agricultural Information”. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(04): 1369-1376.

doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.153 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.153

Ajayi, A. O., O.S.Alabi and T.O.Akinsola. 2013 “Knowledge and Perception of Extension Agents on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Use in Extension Service Delivery in Ondo State, Nigeria” African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(48): 6 6233, December, DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2012.7061

Akpabio, I.A 2007. “Agricultural Extension Officials and utilization of ICT in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria” Journal of Extension Systems, India. 23 (1): 30-40. June http://www.jesonline.org/current.htm

Akpabio, I.A; D. P. Okon and E.B. Inyang. 2007. “Constraints Affecting ICT Utilization by Agricultural Extension Officers in the Niger Delta, Nigeria” The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 13(4):263-272. December. DOI: 10.1080/13892240701630986 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13892240701630986

Aromolaran, A. K., C.I. Alarima, D. Akerele, O. Oyekunle, G.A Leramo. 2016. “Use of Internet for Innovation Management by Extension Agents in Oyo State” Journal of Agricultural Extension 20 (1): 96-106. June. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v20i1.8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v20i1.8

Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo and Mekonnen, Daniel.A.2012. The Importance of ICTs in the Provision of Information for Improving Agricultural Productivity and Rural Incomes in Africa. UNDP Working Paper WP 2012-015: January 2012 32pp

Atajeromavwo, E. J., G. Ekruyota, I. Eti, and E. Oyefia. 2010. “An Evaluation of the Relevance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to Agricultural and Rural Development in Niger Delta of Nigeria” African Research Review 4(1): 374-389 January. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v4i1.58258 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v4i1.58258

Bhattacherjee, Suchiradipta and Saravanan, Raj. 2016. Social Media: Shaping the Future of Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services. A Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services (GFRAS) Interest Group on ICT4RAS Discussion Paper, GFRAS: Lindau, Switzerland. 38 pp.

Deichman, Uwe; Aparajita Goyal and Deepak Mishra 2016. Will Digital Technologies Transform Agriculture in Developing Countries? Policy Research Working Paper 7669. World Bank. May. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-7669

Durojaiye, L.O, Abubakar S.Z, Omenaza Z.E, Mohammed S, Wahab A A, Ismail, F.O and Musa R.A (2013) . An Information Technology and communication based agricultural extension service delivery for Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension 17(2):16-22 December http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v17i2.3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v17i2.3

Enwelu, I. A., S. O. Enwereuzor, A. N. Asadu, H. U. Nwalieji and B. C Ugwuoke. 2017. “Access and Use of Information and Communication Technologies by Extension Workers in Anambra State Agricultural Development Programme, Nigeria” Journal of Agricultural Extension 21 (2): June, 152-162 https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v21i2.13 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v21i2.13

FAO (2017) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Agriculture: A Report to the G20 Agricultural Deputies 57pp. Rome. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7961e.pdf ISBN 978- 92-5-109979-7

Koyenikan, Margaret J., and Friday E. Omoregbee. 2015. “Practitioners’ Perceptions of Challenges and Effectiveness of Nigerian-Research-Extension-Farmer-Input Linkage System” Journal of Development and Communication Studies 4(2): 416-427 July. http: dx.doi.org/10.4314/jdcr. v412.2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jdcs.v4i2.2

Gillwald, Alison; Fola Odufuwa and Onkokame Mothobi. 2018. The State of ICT in Nigeria 2017. Policy Paper no. 3, Series 5: After Access State of ICT in Nigeria https://researchictafrica.net/after-access-nigeria-state-of-ict-2017/ July 2018 NCC/IDRC.

Hosseini, Seyed Jamal F., Mehrdad Niknami and Gholamreza H. Hosseini Nejad. 2009. “Policies Affecting the Application of Information and Communication Technologies by Agricultural Extension Service” American Journal of Applied Sciences 6 (8): 1478-1483, DOI: 10.3844/ajassp.2009.1478.1483 August DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.1478.1483

Islam, M.S; M. E. Haque, M. S. I. Afrad , H. M. Abdullah and M. Z. Hoque. 2017. “Utilization of ICTs in Agricultural Extension Services of Bangladesh”. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology (AJAEES) 16(1): 1-11 https://doi.org/10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31207 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31207

Lawal-Adebowale, O. A. and O.Oyekunle. (2014). “Agro-students’ Appraisal of Online Registration of Academic Courses in the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State Nigeria”. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, 10 (4):139 – 154

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301648836

Mousavi, Mina., Homayoun Farhadian, Hossein Shabanali Fami and Mohammad Chizai. 2018. “Factors Affecting the Use of ICT among Agricultural Experts and Farmers in East Azerbaijan province, Iran” Specialty Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 2412-737X Available online at www.sciarena.com, 4 (4): 1-13

NOI Polls (2019) Social media poll result release November 13, 2019 / social https://noi-polls.com/social-media-poll-result-release/

Ogbonna, O. I and A. E. Agwu (2013) Access and use of information communication technologies by rural farmers in Enugu north senatorial zone, Enugu state. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 3(7), 264-270, July. http:// www.scholarly- journals.com/SJAS

Ojesanmi O.A., O.A Lawal-Adebowale, T.O.A Banmeke , and A.A Adeniran .2014. “Analysis of Agricultural Research Institutes’ ICT Integration and Needs for Research Development in Southwest Zone of Nigeria”. African Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology (AJAST) 2(1): 31-43. January, http://www.oceanicjournals.org/ajast ISSN 2311-5882

Oladele, O. I. 2015. “Effect of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On Agricultural Information Access among Extension Officers in North West Province South Africa” S.Afr. Tydskr. Landbouvoorl. /S. Afr. J. Agric. Ext., 43. (2), 30 – 41 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2015/v43n2a344 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2015/v43n2a344

Olojede, J.C., G.E.Ifenkwe and J.O. Oparajioku (2017) “Factors Influencing Information and Communication Technology Use by Women Research Scientists in Universities of Agriculture in Nigeria” Journal of Agricultural Extension 21 (1):122-134 February, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v21i1.10

http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v21i1.10 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v21i1.10

Pew Research Center, March 2019, “Mobile Connectivity in Emerging Economies” https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2019/03/07/use-of-smartphones-and-social- media-is-common-across-most-emerging-economies/

Samansiri. B.A.D and W.A.D.P. Wanigasundera. 2014. “Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by Extension Officers of the Tea Small Holdings Development Authority of Sri Lanka” Tropical Agricultural Research 25(4): 460-475 DOI:10.4038/tar. v2514.8054

Tata, Joyous S. and Paul E. McNamara. 2018. “Impact of ICT on Agricultural Extension Services Delivery: Evidence from the Catholic Relief Services SMART Skills and Farmbook project in Kenya”, The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 241): 89-110, DOI: 10.1080/1389224X.2017.1387160 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1389224X.2017.1387160

Ubom S., A. (2015). Levels of computer anxiety among extension personnel in Uyo Agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State Agricultural Development programme: Unpublished Undergraduate Project, University of Uyo.

Uddin, Irenonsen . Oyaimare., Agwu Ekwe Agwu and Ifeoma Quinette Anugwa. 2019. “Information Needs and Challenges of Agricultural Researchers and Extension Workers in Edo State, Nigeria” Traektoriâ Nauki = Path of Science. 2019. 5 (6) 6001-6011 DOI: 10.22178/pos.47-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22178/pos.47-7

Udoidiong, Inemesit (2019) Here is how Nigerians are using the internet in 2019

https://www.pulse.ng/bi/tech/how-nigerians-are-using-the-internet- in- 2019/kz097rg 02/08/2019

Umar, S; M. W Musa, Y. T. Olayemi and R. Suleiman. 2015. “Awareness and Use of Information and Communication Technologies among Extension Agents in Kaduna State of Nigeria” Journal of Agricultural Extension 19 (1) 66-76 June, http://dx.doi.org/10.4314.jae.v19i1.6

Yakubu, D.H., B.Z. Abubakar, T.K. Atala and A. Muhammed. 2013. “Use of Information and Communication Technologies among Extension Agents in Kano State, Nigeria”. Journal of Agricultural Extension 17 (1) June. 162-173 DOI: 10.4314/jae. v17i1.16

World Bank, 2017. ICT in Agriculture: Connecting Smallholders to Knowledge, Networks and Institutions. Updated Edition. DOI: 10.1596/978-1-4648-1002-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/978-1-4648-1002-2

Downloads

Published

2021-02-13

How to Cite

AKPABIO, I. A., EDET, G. E., & CYRIL, J. E. (2021). UNDERLYING FACTORS AFFECTING UTILIZATION OF COMPUTER – BASED INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES BY AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PERSONNEL IN AKWA IBOM, NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 399–350. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3143