EFFICACY OF CHITOSAN EXTRACTED FROM CRAB EXOSKELETONS (CALLINECTES AMNICOLA AND CARDISOMA ARMATUM) IN COMBINATION WITH PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA ON THE GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELD OF MAIZE ON FERRALLITIC SOIL IN SOUTH BENIN

Authors

  • Toussaint Mikpon Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC)
  • Nadège A. Agbodjato Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC)
  • Durand Dah Nouvlessounon Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC)
  • Haziz Sina Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8630-3798
  • Halfane Lehman Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC)
  • Nestor Ahoyo Southern Agricultural Research Centre, Benin National Institute for Agricultural Research; BP 03 Attogon, Benin
  • Adolphe Adjanohoun Laboratory of Microbiology and Food Technologies, Department of Plant Biology, FAST/ UAC, 04 BP 1107 Cotonou, Benin
  • Lamine Baba-Moussa Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology/ Faculty of Science and Technology (FAST)/ University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8160-5954

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3045

Keywords:

Crab Exoskeletons, Chitosan, Pseudomonas Putida, Maize Cultivation, Valorization

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate chitosans produced from the exoskeletons of water (Callinectes amnicola) and land (Cardisoma armatum) crabs for use in agriculture in Benin. Then, the effects of these chitosans were combined with Pseudomonas putida in order to see their synergistic effects on the growth and yield of maize seeds of the variety EVDT 97 STR C1 for 80 days. The experimental design was a block of 13 treatments with three (03) replicates. After 60 DAS in the field, application of the combination C. amicola + P. putida + 50% NPK and C. armatum + P. putida + 50% NPK showed the highest average heights. Plants treated with the combination of C. armatum + P. putida + 50% NPK and C. amnicola + 50% NPK gave the best corn grain yields with increases of 51.68% and 45.57% respectively. This study confirms that sources of chitosan from shellfish exoskeletons are available in Benin and shows the potential to use chitosan alone or in combination with Rhizobacteria as bio fertilizers to improve productivity and increase maize yield in Benin while reducing the use of chemical fertilizers.

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Published

2021-01-30

How to Cite

Mikpon, T., Agbodjato, N. A., Nouvlessounon, D. D., Sina, H., Lehman, H., Ahoyo, N., Adjanohoun, A., & Moussa, L. B. (2021). EFFICACY OF CHITOSAN EXTRACTED FROM CRAB EXOSKELETONS (CALLINECTES AMNICOLA AND CARDISOMA ARMATUM) IN COMBINATION WITH PSEUDOMONAS PUTIDA ON THE GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELD OF MAIZE ON FERRALLITIC SOIL IN SOUTH BENIN. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(1), 129–140. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i1.2021.3045