SMART TRAFFIC SIGNALING SYSTEM BASED ON ULTRASONIC DISTANCE MEASUREMENT SENSOR
Keywords:M2M, Arduino, Ultrasonic Sensor, Effect Hall Sensor
Currently, in Baghdad, vehicles driver still depends on the police of traffic to regulate the traffic system according to the density of traffic. There has been made a lot of researches on making the traffic signals automated by using image processing techniques, infra-Red Sensor, and laser sensors. The cost and complicity are the biggest challenge in these systems.
So, to avoid the previously mentioned obstacles and with the employing of Machine to Machine M2M Communication, a system of traffic signaling that based ultrasonic sensor has been developed, where only one ultrasonic sensor is used at each road at 500 meters down the street away from the traffic light where there's obvious traffic congestion that needs to be solved. The ultra-sonic sensor would detect the density of traffic and communicate to Arduino that is responsible for acquiring signals from sensors on the roads which in turn will communicate with other Arduino which is responsible for manipulating the traffic light signals accordingly.
So, as a result, the collected data will help the authorized person in monitoring the roads and change the green light time of each road based on traffic density in a specified date and time also take a report where the analysis will be made on heavy traffic and less traffic.
R. Weil, J. Wootton and A. Garcia Ortiz,” Traffic Incident Detection Sensor and Algorithms”, “Journal of Mathematical and Computer. Modeling, Vol.27 (9), 1998, pp.257-291 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0895-7177(98)00064-8
K. Thatsanavipas, N. Ponganunchoke, et al., “Wireless Traffic Light Controller” Proceedings of 2nd International Science, Social Science, Engineering and Energy Conference, Nakhonphanom, Thailand. 2010.
Ashok. P.V, SivaSankari.S Vignesh Mani,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research” ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 12, Number 19 (2017)
Hamara Chaudhuri, Nishanth P Raikar,” Traffic Control Management with help of State of Control Algorithm using Ultrasonic Sensors & GSM Technology”,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)”, Volume: 05 Issue: 04 | Apr-2018
Pampa Sadhukhan, Firoj Gazi,” An IoT based Intelligent Traffic Congestion Control System for Road Crossings”,” International Conference on Communication, Computing, and Internet of Things (IC3Io)”, Conference Paper. February 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IC3IoT.2018.8668131
Moch Agung Prasetyo, Roswan Latuconsina and Tito Waluyo Purboyo,” A Proposed Design of Traffic Congestion Prediction Using Ultrasonic Sensors”,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN 0973-4562 “, Volume 13, Number 1 (2018)
Ashish Jain, Manisha Mittal, and Harish Verma, Amrita rai,” Traffic Density Measurement-based On-road Traffic Control using Ultrasonic Sensors and GSM Technology”,” Association of Computer Electronics and Electrical Engineers”, 2013
Vahedha, B.Naga Jyothi,” Smart Traffic Control System Using ATMEGA328: Micro Controller And Arduino Software”,” International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication, Power and Embedded System (SCOPES)”,2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/SCOPES.2016.7955706
Shubham Sahu, Dipanjan Paul, S. Senthilmurugan” density-based traffic signal control using Arduino Uno”,” International Journal of Novel Research and Development”,2018