CITIZENSHIP AND COMMUNITY LIFE WITH REFERENCE TO THE CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY AMONG STUDENTS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

Authors

  • Sr. Asheena Rose Faculty of Disability Management and Special Education, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. Saumya Chandra Assistant Professor, Department of Special Education, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational & Research Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i10.2021.4349

Keywords:

Citizenship, Fundamental Rights, Democracy, Students With Intellectual Disability

Abstract

Being a citizen of a country is the status of citizenship. If one has citizenship of a country, he would have the right to live there, work, vote, use community resources, pay taxes etc. Citizenship for persons with Intellectual Disability (PwID) is exactly the same as citizenship for anyone else.  Citizenship is important for all of us. Having an ID is not a barrier to citizenship in fact it is useful because it helps communities come together, but it does become a barrier if society lets prejudice and power get in the way. The fundamental rights in our constitution are considered as basic human rights of all citizens, irrespective of their gender, caste, religion, disability etc. whereas when it comes to PwID, it sounds so difficult. Therefore, for this study 10 Adolescent students with Mild and moderate Intellectual disability were selected through purposive sampling method and a training program was organized to find out the understanding of these intangible concepts. Five selected topics i.e. community participation, community resources, fundamental rights, self-advocacy, election were included in the training program. The data collected was analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods both. The finding of the study reveals that through proper planning, role play, exposure in community and using visual clues, the awareness level of democracy, citizenship and election etc. can definitely enhance the understanding of citizenship among PwID.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bada Math,S., Gowda, G. & Gowd, M. (2019).The Rights of Persons with Disability Act, 2016: Challenges and opportunities, Indian journal of psychiatry, 61 (4). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6482682/

Bray, A. & Gates, S. (2003). Community participation for Adult with an Intellectual Disability, Retrieved from http://www.disright.org/sites/default/files/nhc_communitypart.pdf

Byhlin, S. & Käcker, P. (2018). 'I Want to Participate!' Young Adults with Mild to Moderate Intellectual Disabilities: How to Increase Participation and Improve Attitudes. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 20(1), pp.172-181. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.16993/sjdr.58 DOI: https://doi.org/10.16993/sjdr.58

Capri,C., Abrahams, L., Mckenzie, J.& Coetzee, O. (2018). Intellectual disability rights and inclusive citizenship in South Africa: What can a scoping review tell us? .African .Journal of Disability. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.396 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v7i0.396

Clark, R.J. (2005), research models and methodologies, Retrieved from https://documents.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@commerce/documents/doc/uow012042.pdf

Clifford Simplican, S. (2018). Democratic Care and Intellectual Disability: More than Maintenance, Journal of Ethics and Social Welfare,12(4), pp.298-313. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/17496535.2018.1452954 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17496535.2018.1452954

Conley Wright, A. & Taylor, S. (2014). Advocacy by parents of young children with special needs: Activities, processes, and perceived effectiveness. Journal of Social Service Research, 40 (5), 591-605. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.896850 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2014.896850

Femec, L., Kis-Glavas,L,& Masic, V. (2017). Voting Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities.Original scientific paper.

Friedman, C. (2018). Every Vote Matters: Experiences of People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in the 2016 United States General Election. Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal, 14 (1). Retrieved from https://www.rdsjournal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/765

Hilberink, S. & Cardol, M. (2018). Citizenship according to the UNCRPD and in practice : a plea for a broader view. Journal of Disability and Society, 34(2), pp. 326-331. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2018.1556490 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2018.1556490

Kenpro, (2012). Designs and Methodology, Kenya projects organization, Retrieved from http://www.kenpro.org/research-design-and-methodology/

Kopel, C. (2017). Suffrage for People with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Illness: Observations on a Civic Controversy. Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics, 17(1). Retrieved from https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/yjhple17&div=8&id=&page=

Lord,J., Ashley Stein, M.& Fiala-Butor, J.(2014).Facilitating an Equal Right to Vote for Persons with Disabilities. Journal of Human Rights Practice, 6(1), pp. 115-139. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/hut034 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/hut034

Lucio, J. & Anson, J. (2015). Children as members of a community: Citizenship, participation and educational development - an introduction to the special issue. European Educational Research Journal, 14 (2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1474904115571794 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1474904115571794

Mallander , O., Mineur , T., Henderson, D., Tideman, M.,( 2018). Self-Advocacy for People with Intellectual Disability In Sweden - organizational similarities and differences. Journal of Disability studies Quarterly, 38(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.18061/dsq.v38i1.5505 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18061/dsq.v38i1.5505

Michelle Aldersey, H. & Jackson Haines, S. (2018). Teaching and Supporting Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of International Special Needs Education, 21(1), pp. 21-31. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.9782/2159-4341-20.2.90 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9782/2159-4341-20.2.90

Milner, P. & Kelly, B. (2007). Community participation and inclusion : people with disabilities defining their place. Journal of Disability & Society. 24(1), pp. 47-62. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/09687590802535410 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687590802535410

Mittler, P. (2015). The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Implementing a Paradigm Shift. Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities, Original Article 12 (2), 79-89. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/jppi.12118 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jppi.12118

Panwar, P. (2016).11 Extraordinary Personalities with Disabilities, revised at 12:16 on 28/1/2016 Retrieved from https://www.oneindia.com/feature/in-pics-10-extraordinary-personalities-with-disabilities-1580686.html

Praveen, Rights of Disabled Persons, Retrieved from http://www.legalserviceindia.com/legal/article-98-rights-of-disabled-persons.html

Reenen, T. & Combrin, H. (2011). The UN CONVENTION on the Rights Of Persons with Disabilities In Africa, International Journal of Human Rights, Sur File on The Rights Of Persons with Disabilities. Retrieved from https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/surij14&div=11&id=&page=

Shree, A. & Shukla, P.C. (2016). Intellectual Disability: definition, classification, causes and characteristics, Learning Community, 7 (1), 9-20. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5958/2231-458X.2016.00002.6 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/2231-458X.2016.00002.6

Sigan, L.H. & William, E. M. (2008). Coping Strategies of Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability for Stressful Social Interactions. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 1 (2), 109- 127. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/19315860801988426 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19315860801988426

Singh, H. (2019). Citizenship of India: Constitutional Provision, Indian Polity, revised at 12.06 on 30/04/2019 Retrieved from https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/citizenship-1434782934-1

Sinha, R. (2019). The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019. PRS Legislative Research,, Retrieved from https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/explainer-citizenship-amendment-bill-2019

Skaratad, K. (2018). Ensuring human rights for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities? Self-determination policies and the use of force in the case of Norway, The International Journal of Human Rights, 22(6), 774-800. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2018.1454903 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2018.1454903

Stainton, T. & Clare, I. (2012) Human rights and intellectual disabilities: an emergent theoretical paradigm?,Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 56(11), pp 1011-1013. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12001

Tideman, M. & Syensson, O. (2015). Young people with intellectual disability- the role of self-advocacy in a transformed Swedish welfare system. International journal of Qualitative studies in health and well -being. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3402/qhw.v10.25100 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/qhw.v10.25100

Verdonschot, M., Dewitt,L., Reichrath, E.,& Buntinx, Wil.(2009). Community participation of people with an intellectual disability: A review of empirical findings. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 53(4):303-318. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01144.x

Verdonschot, M., De Witte, L., Reichrath, E. & Buntinx, W. (2009). Community participation of people with an intellectual disability : A review of empirical findings. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 53(4), 303- 318. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01144.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01144.x

Wiley,J. (2017). Community Involvement of Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Their Experiences and Perspectives on Inclusion. Journal of Applied Research Intellectual Disability, 30(5), 859-871. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12276

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.498.9056&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Downloads

Published

2021-11-13

How to Cite

Rose, A., & Chandra, S. (2021). CITIZENSHIP AND COMMUNITY LIFE WITH REFERENCE TO THE CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY AMONG STUDENTS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 9(10), 325–336. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i10.2021.4349