DIABETIC FOOT CARE KNOWLEDGE AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES PATIENTS
Keywords:Diabetes Mellitus, Knowledge, Practice, Foot Care
Background: Diabetes is traditionally known as a “silent disease,” exhibiting no symptoms until it progresses to severe target organ damage.
Aims & Objective: The study was conducted to determine the knowledge of foot care ,knowledge regarding foot care practice and its associated factors among type 2 diabetes patients.
Material and Methods: A Community based cross-sectional study was conducted at a primary health centre, Pondicherry, 107 subjects were selected by convenience sampling technique. Data was collected from December 2020 to March 2021, among type 2 diabetes who attended the diabetic clinic. A validated pretested questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of foot care, knowledge regarding foot care practice and its associated factors among type 2 diabetes patients. Data was analysed using SPSS 21.
Results: Among 107 diabetes patients 68(75.6%) of them had poor knowledge and only 2 (2.2%) of them had good practice. There was highly significant (p<0.001) relationship between knowledge of foot care and knowledge regarding foot care practice scores. There was highly significant association (p<0.05) between the knowledge of foot care with selected demographic variables of gender, occupation, alcohol consumption, regularity of treatment and source of information.
Conclusions: It is a need of the hour to conduct health education programme to create awareness among rural people for better glycaemic control and prevention of ulcer foot in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
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