CORRELATION BETWEEN DIETING PATTERNS WITH TOTAL CHOLESTEROL LEVELS IN BLOOD IN THE HKBP CHURCH CONGREGATION ON SEPTEMBER 2018
Keywords:Dietary Pattern, Serum Total Cholesterol Levels
Serum total cholesterol levels above 200mg/ () have repeatedly been correlated with cardiovascular and other degenerative diseases. Many risk factors can lead to , one of which is the dietary pattern. A dietary pattern is one simple way to start, which can be modified to avoid . This study describes the correlation between dietary pattern with serum total cholesterol levels within HKBP church congregation in September 2018 using a cross-sectional study, and the sample was obtained from accidental sampling. Therefore, there is no requirement for both inclusion and exclusion criteria. In total, 38 respondents contributed to this research. Data retrieval was done using questionnaires for the dietary pattern and rapid test for the serum total cholesterol levels. The data was used to analyze by the Pearson Chi-Square test. Based on the study result, there was a significant relationship between carbohydrate consumption frequency with the respondents' serum total cholesterol levels (p = 0,031). In contrast, the significant relationship between protein consumption frequency (p = 0,631), fat consumption frequency (p = 0150), fiber consumption frequency (p = 0,631) and fast-food consumption frequency (p = 0,150) with serum total cholesterol levels of the respondents were not found.
Ali, K. (2006). Healthy Food Solutions. In Healthy Food Solutions, PT. Rajagrafindo Persada. Jakarta:
Beny, S., Chasani, A., Santoso, S. & S. (2013). Differences in lipid profiles in patients with acute myocardial infarction and non-acute myocardial infarction (Doctoral dissertation, Diponegoro University) Differences in lipid profiles in patients with acute myocardial infarction and non-acute myocardial infarction (Doctoral dissertation .
Bhaskar, R. (2012). Junk food: Impact on health. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics 2(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v2i3.132
Cahanar, P. & Suhanda, I. (2006). Eat healthy, live healthy. Eat healthy, live healthy .
Cummins, S., Flint, E. & Matthews, S. A. (2014). New Neighborhood Grocery Store Increased Awareness Of Food Access But Did Not Alter Dietary Habits Or Obesity. Health Affairs 33(2), 283–291. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0512 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0512
Daoud, E., Scheede-Bergdahl, C. & Bergdahl, A. (2014). Effects of Dietary Macronutrients on Plasma Lipid Levels and the Consequence for Cardiovascular Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease 1(3), 201–213. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcdd1030201 10.3390/jcdd1030201 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcdd1030201
Ettinger, S. J., Feldman, E. C. & Cote, E. (2017). Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine-eBook. Elsevier health sciences. Elsevier health sciences
Fairudz, A. (2015). The effect of dietary fiber on cholesterol levels in overweight sufferers. Jurnal Majority 4(8), 121–126.
Fatmah, D. & Skm, M. S. (2010). Elderly nutrition. Jakarta Erlangga .
Garrett, R. H. & Grisham, C. M. (2010). Glycolysis. Biochemistry,. Glycolysis. Biochemistry 535–562.
Ghoochani, O. M., Torabi, R., Hojjati, M., Ghanian, M. & Kitterlin, M. (2018). Factors influencing Iranian consumers’ attitudes toward fast-food consumption. British Food Journal 120(2), 409–423. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/bfj-12-2016-0612 10.1108/bfj-12-2016-0612 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-12-2016-0612
Indrati, R. & Gardjito, M. (2014). Food consumption education: Processing and safety aspects. In Food consumption education: Processing and safety aspects. Jakarta, Kencana:
Jung, C. H. & Choi, K. M. (2017). Impact of high-carbohydrate diet on metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Nutrients 9(4), 322. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9040322
Lee, J. & Kim, J. (2018). Association between dietary pattern and incidence of cholesterolemia in Korean adults: the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Nutrients 10(1), 53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010053
Malik, M. A. (2011). Description of Total Blood Cholesterol Levels in Class. Sam Ratulangi University with a Body Mass Index of 18.5-22.9 kg / m2. eBiomedik 1.
Murray, R. K., Granner, D. K., Mayes, P. A. & Rodwell, V. W. (2003). Biochemistry Harper edition 25. Book Medical Publishers EGC 236–244.
Ohlsson, L. (2010). Dairy products and plasma cholesterol levels. Food & Nutrition Research. SNF Swedish Nutrition Foundation 54, 5124 Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v54i0.5124 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v54i0.5124
Ortega, R. M., Requejo, A. M., Andrés, P., Löpez-Sobaler, A. M., Redondo, R. & Gonz, M. (1995). Relationship between diet composition and body mass index in a group of Spanish adolescents. British Journal of Nutrition 74(6), 765–773.
Pang, S. J., Jia, S. S., Man, Q. Q., Song, S., Li, Y. Q., Song, P. K., Zhang, . . & J. (2010). Dietary cholesterol in the elderly Chinese population: an analysis of CNHS. Nutrients 9(9), 934. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9090934
Poggio, R., Elorriaga, N., Gutierrez, L., Irazola, V., Rubinstein, A. & Danaei, G. (2017). Associations between dietary patterns and serum lipids, apo and C-reactive protein in an adult population: evidence from a multi-city cohort in South America. British Journal of Nutrition 117(4), 548–555. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0007114517000514 10.1017/s0007114517000514 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517000514
Ramadhani, A. & Probosari, E. (2014). Differences in Triglyceride Levels Before and After Giving Jicama Extract (Pachyrrhizus erosus) in Women (Doctoral dissertation, Diponegoro University) Differences in Triglyceride Levels Before and After Giving Jicama Extract (Pachyrrhizus erosus) in Women (Doctoral dissertation .
Rastogi, S. C., Rastogi, P. & Mendiratta, N. (2008). Genomics Proteomics And Drug Discovery. Bioinformatics Methods And Applications: Genomics Proteomics And Drug Discovery 3Rd Ed. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd .
Ri, K. (2013). Health research and development agency. Health research and development agency. Basic health research .
Schwingshackl, L. & Hoffmann, G. (2013). Comparison of Effects of Long-Term Low-Fat vs High-Fat Diets on Blood Lipid Levels in Overweight or Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 113(12), 1640–1661. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.07.010 10.1016/j.jand.2013.07.010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.07.010
Shehata, S. A., Abdeldaym, E. A., Ali, M. R., Mohamed, R. M., Bob, R. I. & Abdelgawad, K. F. (2020). Effect of Some Citrus Essential Oils on Post-Harvest Shelf Life and Physicochemical Quality of Strawberries during Cold Storage. Agronomy 10(10), 1466. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101466 10.3390/agronomy10101466 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101466
Singh, M. & Mishra, S. (2014). Fast food consumption pattern and obesity among school going (9-13 year) in Lucknow District. International Journal of Science and Research 3(6), 1672–1674.
Sjöberg, B. (2016). Studies on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism in relation to plasma lipoproteins. In Studies on cholesterol and bile acid metabolism in relation to plasma lipoproteins. Huddinge:
Supariasa, I. D., Bakri, B. & Fajar, I. (2012). Assessment of Nutritional Status. Jakarta: EGC. Journal of the Relationship between Diet and Pre-School Nutritional Status in Paud Tunas Mulia Claket 1(2), 69–76.
(2005). US Department of Health and Human Services. High Blood Cholesterol: What You Need To Know. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Health Information Center website . Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/chol/wyntk
Waloya, T., Rimbawan, R. & Andarwulan, N. (2013). HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH PRIA DAN WANITA DEWASA DI BOGOR. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 8(1), 9. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.9-16 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.9-16 DOI: https://doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.9-16
Yoeantafara, A. & Martini, S. (2017). Effect of Diet on Total Cholesterol Levels. Jurnal Mkmi 13(4), 304–309. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v13i4.2132
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Nunu Prihantini
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.