ASSESSMENT OF FAILURE ON DRAINAGE STRUCTURES ALONG THE ETHIOPIAN NATIONAL RAILWAY LINE OF SEBETA-MIESO (CASE STUDY OF AKAKI RIVER CROSSING DRAINAGE STRUCTURE)
Keywords:Akaki, Calibration, HEC-HMS, HEC-RAS, Hydrologic Models, New Railway Bridge, Objective Function, Simulation, Validation
A railway drainage system gives vital role for effective, efficient operation of rail track. This study worked on an assessment of railway drainage system problem along the Addis Ababa- Mieso railway line, specifically on Akaki rives crossing. It was done to check adequacy of hydraulic structure provided on Akaki River crossing by undertaking hydrologic and hydraulic analysis.
Hydrologic modeling of the Akaki catchment area was developed by HEC-GeoHMS program with the help of Arc-GIS and hydrologic analysis was computed by HEC-HMS program. The catchment land use, soil type, rainfall data, Akaki river stream flow data, etc were used to develop hydrological model. SCS unit hydrograph and flood frequency analysis methods were used to estimate instantaneous peak design discharge for 50 and 100 year return period. Model input parameters were calibrated and verified with observed flow data of the river at Akaki gauging station.
Hydraulic models were developed by HEC-RAS step-backwater to determine water-surface profiles for the bridge. Cross-sectional elevation data, hydraulic-structure geometries, roughness coefficients along with peak-discharge esti¬mated were used as input for the model.
Finally, adequacy of the bridge was evaluated where the bridge was hydraulically efficient over its design period.
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