IMPLICATION OF FLOWER COLORS TO HUMAN BEINGS AND INSECTS
Flowers owe their beauty to their infinite range of shapes and colours and are symbolized with spiritualism and expression, conveyance of sentiments of human beings. On the other hand plants employ flowers to form association with animals to ensure pollination across multi –generation. To achieve this they provide clues and positive enforcements. The diversification in flower colours and other attributes has matched in nature with co-evolution of abundant species of insects. This paper deals with the perception of flower colours by insects and also their denotions to human beings.
Cruden R.W., Hermann S.M. and Peterson (1983) Patterns of nectar production and plant pollinator colvolution In Benltey B.& Eliss, T. (Eds) The Biology of Nectaries Newyork Columbia Univ. Press 82-125
Gori D. F. (1989). Floral color change in Lupinus arenteus (Fabaceae) Why should plant advertise the location of unrewarding flowers to pollinators? Evolution 43:870-882 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2409314
Guldberg L.D. and P.R. Atsatt(1975) Frequency of reflection and absorption of ultraviolet light in flowering plants, The American Midland Naturalist 93:35-43 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2424103
Http://www.granthaalayah.com©International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH [1-3]
Harborne J.B. (1988). Biochemistry of plant pollination In: Harborne J. B. (ed.) Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry London: Academic Press, 3rd ed, 42-81
Kay Q.U.N. (1976) Preferential pollination of yellow flowered morphs of Raphanus Raphanistrum by Pheris and Eristalis spp. Nature 261:230-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/261230a0
Kavin Davies (2009) Annual plant Reviews, Plant, Pigments and their Manipulation, Retrieved on 11 nov 14 www. books. google.co.in/books? isbn
Lubbock J. (1882)- Ants vees and wasps. Kegan Trench and company London.
Leliji O.I. (1973) Apparent preference by vees for different flower colors in cowpeas (Vigna senensis L. savi ex. Hassk.) Euphytica 22, 150-153. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00021567
Pederson H.W. (1967) Cross pollination studies involving three purple coloured flowered alfalfas, one white coloured line and two pollinator species Crop Sci.7.59-62
Thomas Eisner (2002) An insects view of a flower American Entomology 142-143 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ae/48.3.142
Perry P. Leonard Color in flowers Univ of Vermont 01124. Retrieved on 11 nov 14 from www.pss.uvm. edu/pep/pules/oh 24 colr. htm.
Weiss M.R. (1991) Floral colour changes as cues for pollinators Nature 354:227-229 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/354227a0
Michaelis Leonor, Schubert M.P. and Smythe C V (1936) Potentiometric study of the Flavins J. Biol. Chem. 116(2) 587-607.
How to Cite
With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute, and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.
It is not necessary to ask for further permission from the author or journal board.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.