Space Forces Universe Time Chaos Some consequences follow from Veitsman’s theorem. It is supposed that our physical time is a criterion characterizing the flow of any fundamental process. It is supposed as well that physical time in space defines from the state of the system under study, e.g., of Universe. If the space is in equilibrium then there is no time known to us from physics in it. The physical time appears in case when the energy expenses take place during the process flowing in space studied. If the space is anisotropic then the time is to be a tensor of rank 2 when its off-diagonal components equal zero. The anisotropy of the space and the change of the physical time passage lead to the breach of the causal connections in the system under study and, as a result, to chaos in it.
## 1. INTRODUCTION Veitsman’s theorem on spaces and forces says [1,2]:
“Long-raged interaction forces of the dimensions j=i+1”.This theorem was proved with help of the following expressions:
_{(n)}=Lim , , (1)
R_{(n)}/; A_{(n)}E_{(n)} (F_{(n)}/m_{2}) –R_{(n)} (2)Where index “n” in
(1 – 2) indicates that these formulae refer to It was shown, if the
theorem will not be respected then the space of each dimension ( ## 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS For electro-magnetic
forces, namely, for Coulomb’s law and the intensity (
e_{Lim}_{, V= }(3)
r/εr; ^{3}e (EF/q_{2(-)}) –r
(4)Where index “3” in
(3) indicates that the above formulae refer to Electro-magnetic
interactions are more intensive than gravitational ones, however they are
short-range. They can form a space only in separated volumes of our space-time
therefore it is very doubtfully that unified field theory can be formulated.
The short-range forces cannot influence on forming Universe. There is no
physical time in Veitsman’s theorem as a explicit quantity – the time is found
there in latent form. As known, our space-time is expanding and it is isotropic
regarding gravitational interaction and physical time. But what is the physical
time? We can touch to the
linear sizes or, in any case, look at them, e.g., at the etalon of meter done
from Iridium and Platinum. Real substance is in the base of the linear sizes.
But can we touch the physical time or look at it? No, of course. Such time is something
imaginary. We can only state that the physical time is a criterion that
characterizes a flow of physical processes. This criterion is closely bound
with the energy spent in the process. We can define the physical time , (5) Where is energy used in the process (J),power of the process (W), and, that is, the However there are
many physical processes in Universe but the physical time is only one according
to our observations. This quantity is a scalar. Then is there a fundamental process in our
Universe which defines the physical time known from physics? We consider that
it is the process of its (Universe) expanding. This process is stationary and
central-symmetric in the space because our Universe is isotropic. Then we can
write as. (6) Hereis the energy of the expansion of our Universe,a time constant (s Of course, there are
many different processes in Universe but their total energy is much less that
the vacuum energy. Therefore these processes cannot, as a rule, effect on the
fundamental time of the Universe. If , then Universe is in equilibrium and there is no any main
time. As a consequence, there is a time in each subspace depending on processes
flowing in this part of the space. In [1] we showed that the weakly anisotropic spaces
cannot be in equilibrium therefore they have to change differently in different
directions but then the physical time has also to change differently in
different ones, i.e., physical time is tensor here, namely, , (7) , (8) , (9) , (10) Where are the components of
the space elongation in different direction in % from the volume From (7) – (10) it
follows that causal relationships have to be broken in the anisotropic space,
and a chaos must there begin. In turn, if instead (6) we shall have (11) Then there will be
another disorder in our space under study because the step of time will change
and the flows of all processes, e.g., physical ones, will not be predictable. ## 3. DISCUSSION As known, old people
believe that time is running out for them faster than for young people. We
consider that this phenomenon can be explained owing to the above results
obtained. Indeed, there are many physical and chemical processes flow in “the system” named human being. Short range interactions lay in the base of them, e.g.,
electromagnetic ones. The electromagnetic interactions are much
more intensive than gravitational one on the little distances and they can creature
their very small subspaces in our Universe influencing on the physical main
time in these small systems. Electromagnetic processes in this subspace can, in
turn, generate a physical time which sum itself with the main physical time of
our Universe. As a result, the physical time for the old people begins to
overtake the calendar or, if you want, kinematic time. ## 4. CONCLUSIONS
The main conclusions are following. 1)
We exist
in the Universe which is isotropic and expands stationary. 2)
We can
exist only in such space-time. 3)
If our
space-time were anisotropic and would expand no stationary, then causal
connections in Universe would break and chaos (a causal turbulence) would
reign. ## SOURCES OF FUNDINGNone. ## CONFLICT OF INTERESTNone. ## ACKNOWLEDGMENTNone. ## REFERENCES
[1]
E.V.
Veitsman. Mathematics & Statistics 7(5), 197 (2019).
[2]
E.V.
Veitsman. Phys. Astron. Int. J. 2(4), 399 (2018).
This work is licensed under a: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License © Granthaalayah 2014-2020. All Rights Reserved. |