International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr <h2>International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research</h2> <p>is an open access peer reviewed double blind monthly journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering and Management. It is an international refereed e-journal.</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:</strong></p> <p><strong>Prof. Sonika Rathi</strong><br>Assistant Professor, BITS Pilani, Pune, Maharashtra, India<br>Email: editor@ijetmr.com</p> <p><strong>Editor:</strong></p> <p><strong>Dr. Tina Porwal</strong><br>PhD, Maharani Laxmibai Girls P.G. College, Indore, India</p> Granthaalayah Publications and Printers en-US International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research 2454-1907 <p><strong>License and Copyright Agreement</strong></p> <p>In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:</p> <ul> <li>They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.</li> <li>The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.</li> <li>That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.</li> <li>That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.</li> <li>They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.</li> <li>They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Copyright</strong></p> <p>Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> <p>For More info, please visit <a href="https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr/Author-Guidelines">CopyRight Section</a></p> ON SUPERCONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS IN TOPOLOGY https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr/article/view/IJETMR21_A03_2554 <p>The aim of this paper is to introduce and study new classes of continuous functions and its properties in topological spaces comparing with different types of continuous functions.</p> Ramesh Bhat Copyright (c) 2021 Ramesh Bhat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-12 2021-04-12 8 4 1 5 10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i4.2021.903 MODIFIED EFFECTIVE AREA APPROACH TO ESTIMATE MOTORCYCLE EQUIVALENT UNITS IN AHMEDABAD CITY https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr/article/view/IJETMR21_A03_2555 <p>This paper presents a methodology for estimation of Motorcycle Equivalent Units (MEU) in mixed traffic flow for motorcycle dominated traffic with increased accuracy by considering dynamic characteristics of subject vehicles, like speed and effective area. Besides, this increased accuracy is the result of the inclusion of speed of adjacent motorcycles in the form of speed ratios to estimate the effective area required by the subject vehicle at a particular speed. The effective area for each sample is computed with consideration of the effective dimensions and speed of that subject vehicle and its adjacent motorcycles on both sides in the proposed methodology. Two mid-block sections of urban roads in Ahmedabad city were selected for field data collection by videography method in this case study. The collected field data was analysed through Speed Estimation from Video Data (SEV) software. A table of classified speed ratios is also presented to derive an idea regarding the magnitude of change in lateral clearances of subject vehicles. The MEU values obtained for cars, motorcycles, rickshaws, buses, Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV), and bicycles were 3.02, 1.00, 1.84, 9.82, 6.2, and 1.9 respectively. Further, the proposed model was compared with a previously developed model to justify the increase in accuracy and to observe the variations in MEUs. The values estimated can be used to establish speed-flow relations, measure roadway capacity in urban roads, analyse the level of service in order to plan suitable traffic control and regulatory measures.</p> Keval Vyas Jeel Anovadia Ashutosh Patel Copyright (c) 2021 Keval Vyas, Jeel Anovadia, Ashutosh Patel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-12 2021-04-12 8 4 6 16 10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i4.2021.904 BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION OF LEAN CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES IN GUJARAT CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr/article/view/IJETMR21_A04_2556 <p>Lean construction technique has been arisen from endeavouring and applying Japanese lean manufacturing philosophy to the construction industry. Large research is being done recently and an ongoing process to adopt lean principles to the construction industry to enhance the efficacy, amelioration of waste. The success of the lean technique is evident, but some major reports indicated that major challenges are related to the Mis-conceptualisation of lean thinking, and some case studies have ascertained that the lean technique was either applied partially or erroneously. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the lean concept, wastes in construction, features of lean project delivery, lean principles and the barriers to implementing the lean technique in the Gujarat construction industry. A compendious review of the literature had been done with the perspective of reaping pertinent data needed for the paper and to make a questionnaire. To check the reliability of data Cronbach’s alpha was used. Followed by a statistical analysis of data by Relative Important Index (RII) and ranks were given. Further analysis discovered that only nine of these barriers were determined significant, where dominant factor was Resistance to change and culture with an RII value of 0.63. The results of this study could be used to help researchers, practitioners and companies in the Gujarat construction industry to fasten their attention on the suggestive issues to the prosperous implementation of the lean concept.</p> <p>Lean construction technique has been arisen from endeavouring and applying Japanese lean manufacturing philosophy to the construction industry. Large research is being done recently and an ongoing process to adopt lean principles to the construction industry to enhance the efficacy, amelioration of waste. The success of the lean technique is evident, but some major reports indicated that major challenges are related to the Mis-conceptualisation of lean thinking, and some case studies have ascertained that the lean technique was either applied partially or erroneously. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the lean concept, wastes in construction, features of lean project delivery, lean principles and the barriers to implementing the lean technique in the Gujarat construction industry. A compendious review of the literature had been done with the perspective of reaping pertinent data needed for the paper and to make a questionnaire. To check the reliability of data Cronbach’s alpha was used. Followed by a statistical analysis of data by Relative Important Index (RII) and ranks were given. Further analysis discovered that only nine of these barriers were determined significant, where dominant factor was Resistance to change and culture with an RII value of 0.63. The results of this study could be used to help researchers, practitioners and companies in the Gujarat construction industry to fasten their attention on the suggestive issues to the prosperous implementation of the lean concept.<br><br></p> Harshil Thakkar Vismay A. Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Harshil Thakkar, Vismay A. Shah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-12 2021-04-12 8 4 17 24 10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i4.2021.905 CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS ON JOLLIBEE FOODS CORPORATION’S CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PROGRAMS AND THEIR BUYING BEHAVIOR TOWARDS A STRATEGIC CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY https://www.granthaalayahpublication.org/ijetmr-ojms/index.php/ijetmr/article/view/IJETMR21_A03_2547 <p>The research identified the consumers’ awareness of CSR, consumers’ buying behavior relating to Jollibee Foods Corporation’s (JFC) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs as well as to JFC as an organization, determined the relationship between consumers’ CSR awareness and consumer buying behavior, and ascertained differences in consumer buying behavior according to their socio-demographic classification. The study used descriptive research design, using self-administered questionnaires through purposive sampling method in the selection of respondents with a sample size of 250 consumers who participated in the survey. Data were statistically treated using mean, frequency, and percent distribution and standard deviation, chi-square, correlation, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney. Based on the findings, the researcher concludes that 25-34 years old consumers prefer Jollibee Foods brands as their fast-food preference. Females, those with Bachelor’s degrees, and are employed prefer JFC as well. The majority of respondents/consumers have knowledge on the topic at hand, thus they could be seen as the current audience of the CSR programs being done by JFC. It is highly commendable that JFC is conducting programs for the benefit of its targeted segments and communities, but consumers are not fully aware of these programs. Overall, consumers are most aware of other CSR programs done by JFC. Therefore, the researcher recommends creating a strategic CSR communication of JFC’s CSR programs to increase the awareness of consumers. It should capitalize on identified significant relationships between consumers’ CSR awareness and buying behavior to gain economic advantage.</p> Jacobson B. Dalay fershie yap Copyright (c) 2021 Jacobson B. Dalay, fershie yap https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-14 2021-04-14 8 4 25 39 10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i4.2021.895