International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research <h2>International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research</h2> <p>is an open access peer reviewed double blind monthly journal that provides monthly publication of articles in all areas of Engineering and Management. It is an international refereed e-journal.</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:</strong></p> <p><strong>Prof. Sonika Rathi</strong><br>Assistant Professor, BITS Pilani, Pune, Maharashtra, India<br>Email:</p> <p><strong>Editor:</strong></p> <p><strong>Dr. Tina Porwal</strong><br>PhD, Maharani Laxmibai Girls P.G. College, Indore, India</p> Granthaalayah Publications and Printers en-US International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research 2454-1907 <p><strong>License and Copyright Agreement</strong></p> <p>In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:</p> <ul> <li>They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.</li> <li>The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.</li> <li>That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.</li> <li>That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.</li> <li>They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.</li> <li>They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Copyright</strong></p> <p>Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> <p>For More info, please visit <a href="">CopyRight Section</a></p> ROLE OF GEMINI SURFACTANTS IN FIGHT AGAINST COVID19 <p>COVID-19, a pandemic, threatens the entire world by its multiplicative deadly behavior. Virus has caged the world’s people into their homes / isolation as their protective gear. Transmission rate, Case Fatality Rate, and Asymptomatic Transmission parameters determine the savage of COVID-19. More than a couple of months, mankind is staying locked in one’s home, which has never happened in the lifetime of any other generation. World Health Organization highlights the importance of hand Hygiene (Handwashing) by Soap/surfactant for 20 seconds and the use of alcohol-based Sanitizers as a part of personal health care. Soap functions as a weapon for sterilization of any viruses present on the surface. The lipid envelope of virusesis more susceptible to heat, desiccation or action of surfactants. Single tailed Quaternary ammonium compound surfactant is most commonly used as disinfectant or cleaning agent. Similarly, Gemini surfactants can also play a vital role as disinfectant / sanitizerin future. It is suggested that Gemini surfactants have imperative function in Air sanitation. Also, there is a valid comparison of Coronavirus with other SARS diseases. The deadly nature of virus can be understood by knowing its mechanism of action and mode of transmission. Once a chain of human to human transmission is initiated then it is very tricky to rupture the chain.</p> <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><br><br></p> Rajpreet Kaur Anita Gupta Copyright (c) 2020 Rajpreet Kaur, Anita Gupta 2020-12-09 2020-12-09 7 12 1 16 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.807 TRACER STUDY ON SKILLS POSSESSED BY GRADUATES OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CRAFT PRACTICE TRADE OF GOVERNMENT TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN ADAMAWA AND BORNO STATES OF NIGERIA <p>This is a study on ‘Tracer Study on Skills Possessed by Graduate of Mechanical Engineering Craft Practice Trade (MECPT) of Government Technical Colleges in Adamawa and Borno States of Nigeria. It was carried out to identify the levels of skills possessed by technical college graduates. Relevant literature related to the study was reviewed. A descriptive survey design was used to guide the study. The population was 223, and the sample size was 171 which comprised of 120 MECPT graduates from five government technical colleges, 15 industrial managers, 30 supervisors and 6 ministries of works officials. The sample size was purposively drawn. Structured questionnaire that had 77 items divided in to 4 sections A, B, C, and D was used to collect data. The data was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings indicated, among others that, the graduates possessed 90% of the skills required of them. While 10% were completely not possessed by the MECPT graduates. It was recommended, among others that, graduates of MECPT trade should possess the other machine safety and machine operational skills that were not for employment and self-reliance.</p> E. F. Mele J. Abana Haruna A. I. Copyright (c) 2020 E. F. Mele, J. Abana, Haruna A. I. 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 7 12 17 24 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.828 MEASUREMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL EXCELLENCE IN INDIAN CONTEXT: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY <p>Organizational excellence is the most recognized organizational concept of the twenty first century. This study aims at exploring the criteria for measuring organizational excellence in the Indian context. The study is basically based on primary data collected from a sample of 50 executives using structured questionnaire. Judgment sampling technique is used for conducting the survey. The five point response category of Likert type has been employed to examine the responses of respondents. The percentage of respondents responded against each response category has been used to measure the extent of positive, neutral and negative responses. The data sorted out and Cronbach’s alpha computed using Excel-07 and SPSS-20. The response analysis indicated that the organization under study has achieved satisfactory level of organizational excellence at the present time. The results are quite consistent to the saga of the organization. The study emphasizes the need for long-term strategy for achieving the goal of sustained excellence of the organization. Key contribution and limitations also indicated.</p> L .N. Bhagat Sony kumari Copyright (c) 2020 L .N. Bhagat, Sony kumari 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 7 12 25 32 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.831 TRADITIONAL TRADE VS. E-COMMERCE: DOES PRODUCT QUALITY HAVE THE SAME VALUE? A CASE STUDY OF THE CITY OF ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR <p>Globalization has caused a rapid evolution of commerce in all countries, including developing countries like Madagascar. This is reflected in the emergence of new, more accessible and faster distribution channels with the development of the Internet. Today, customers have a wider choice of products to satisfy their needs and personal convenience. To get closer to customers, traders resort to a range of sales channels. Online and traditional commercial transactions have distinct features which may not match up with customers’ real expectations. Indeed, social networks have grown rapidly in Madagascar since 2010 and have brought about a change that could disrupt customers’ habits. Moreover, the perception of quality might not be the same in each case. This study is intended to compare the perception of product quality from these two channels in order to assess customer satisfaction. The survey was conducted among a sample of 85 people from different socio-professional categories (SPCs), including students, employees, functionaries, unemployed, liberal professionals and stay-at-home persons. Multivariate analyses show the relationships between the expectations of each SPC and the channels used. The results highlight the mismatch between the needs and expectations of each category of customers according to the mode of business operation.</p> Tsirinirina Solofomiarana Rapanoel Pierre Benjamin Rakotomahenina T. Ramanankonenana Copyright (c) 2020 Tsirinirina Solofomiarana Rapanoel, Pierre Benjamin Rakotomahenina, T. Ramanankonenana 2020-12-21 2020-12-21 7 12 33 44 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.829 EFFECT OF GALLERIES ON THE WIND FLOW STRUCTURE AND POLLUTANT TRANSPORT WITHIN STREET CANYONS WITH OR WITHOUT FACADE ROUGHNESS ELEMENTS (BALCONIES) <p>This paper investigates how the structure of the flow field and the vertical distribution of the pollutant concentration near the wall facades of street canyons are affected by the presence of some elements such as street level galleries. Numerical results are presented for various gallery geometries in combination with facade roughness elements (balconies) for a canyon of an aspect ratio equal to h/w=2.33. The results were obtained by a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation employing the ANSYS-FLUENT suite that incorporated the k-e turbulent (RNG) model. The simulation generated several flow structures inside the canyon (mainly vortices), whose characteristic properties (e.g. number, strength and size) are discussed in terms of the effect of the galleries on the flow field structure and the roughness generated by the building façade balconies. The results indicate a significant influence on both the flow field structure and the mass concentration distribution of the polluting particles.</p> V. A. Karkoulias P. E. Marazioti D. P. Georgiou E. A. Maraziotis Copyright (c) 2020 V. A. Karkoulias, P. E. Marazioti, D. P. Georgiou, E. A. Maraziotis 2020-12-27 2020-12-27 7 12 45 59 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.835 TRADE, COMMERCE AND ECONOMICS:INDIAN PERSPECTIVES VERSUS WESTERN THOUGHTS, DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES <p>Commerce, this has been an essential aspect of every individual’s life. The history of commerce dates back to the evolution of the human race on planet earth. It all started with a barter system where give and take was the policy. As and when the human race started to evolve loopholes in the system started to grow, and slowly but steadily, complexities started growing. Commercial aspects started gaining much relevance in peoples lives. People started dividing themselves geographically and started exchanging between two distinct geographies, as and when the divisions were made, there started differences in the thoughts as to how commercial activities are ought to be conducted. While few conflicted with each other, few were drawn on similar lines to ensure smooth commercial activities. Such commercial activities slowly started forming economies of the geographies, economists who defined the way economies have to be run with their theories grew in number. This paper draws differences and similarities between thoughts that arose between Indian and western country’s economists on commerce and economic activities over various time frames.</p> Preetham G Kamath Copyright (c) 2020 Preetham G Kamath 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 12 60 63 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.837 A REVIEW OF STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF PARTIAL DISCHARGE FOR DIFFERENT INSULATION MATERIALS WITH CAPACITANCE VALUE <p>In the high voltage (HV) electrical power system, a variety of solid, liquid and gaseous materials are used for insulation purposes to protect incipient faults within the HV power equipment. Among these, solid insulation is widely used for high voltage equipment in high voltage power systems. Most insulation materials are not perfect in all respects and always contain some impurities. In high voltage (HV) electrical equipment, the quality of the insulation plays a very important role. Continued growth in the power system has provided the opportunity to protect equipment for healthy operation throughout its useful life.</p> Neetu Baghelkar Abhishek Dubey Copyright (c) 2021 Neetu Baghelkar, Abhishek Dubey 2021-01-20 2021-01-20 7 12 64 66 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.844 EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AND DESIGN OF FLAT BELT CONVEYER SYSTEM WITH DIFFERENT R.P.M. <p>In this work, we are studying during experiments with a flat belt conveyor system with different speeds such as 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 R.P.M. In this study, it is also included that the observations of the different load capacities (Grams) at different outlet times (Hours). The design of the flat belt conveyor system is very important for the specific speed range of the material handling system from place to place, which depends on the effective length of the belt.</p> Vishnu Dutta Tiwari Gouraw Beohar Copyright (c) 2021 Vishnu Dutta Tiwari, Gouraw Beohar 2021-01-20 2021-01-20 7 12 67 73 10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i12.2020.845