BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION OF LEAN CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES IN GUJARAT CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

  • Harshil S. Thakkar L.J. Institute of Engineering and Technology- Gujarat Technological University
  • Vismay A. Shah Department of Civil Engineering, L.J. Institute of Engineering and Technology- Gujarat Technological University, India
Keywords: Lean Construction Technique, Gujarat Construction Industry, Barriers To Implement, Lean Concept

Abstract

Lean construction technique has been arisen from endeavouring and applying Japanese lean manufacturing philosophy to the construction industry. Large research is being done recently and an ongoing process to adopt lean principles to the construction industry to enhance the efficacy, amelioration of waste. The success of the lean technique is evident, but some major reports indicated that major challenges are related to the Mis-conceptualisation of lean thinking, and some case studies have ascertained that the lean technique was either applied partially or erroneously. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the lean concept, wastes in construction, features of lean project delivery, lean principles and the barriers to implementing the lean technique in the Gujarat construction industry. A compendious review of the literature had been done with the perspective of reaping pertinent data needed for the paper and to make a questionnaire. To check the reliability of data Cronbach’s alpha was used. Followed by a statistical analysis of data by Relative Important Index (RII) and ranks were given. Further analysis discovered that only nine of these barriers were determined significant, where dominant factor was Resistance to change and culture with an RII value of 0.63. The results of this study could be used to help researchers, practitioners and companies in the Gujarat construction industry to fasten their attention on the suggestive issues to the prosperous implementation of the lean concept.

Lean construction technique has been arisen from endeavouring and applying Japanese lean manufacturing philosophy to the construction industry. Large research is being done recently and an ongoing process to adopt lean principles to the construction industry to enhance the efficacy, amelioration of waste. The success of the lean technique is evident, but some major reports indicated that major challenges are related to the Mis-conceptualisation of lean thinking, and some case studies have ascertained that the lean technique was either applied partially or erroneously. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the lean concept, wastes in construction, features of lean project delivery, lean principles and the barriers to implementing the lean technique in the Gujarat construction industry. A compendious review of the literature had been done with the perspective of reaping pertinent data needed for the paper and to make a questionnaire. To check the reliability of data Cronbach’s alpha was used. Followed by a statistical analysis of data by Relative Important Index (RII) and ranks were given. Further analysis discovered that only nine of these barriers were determined significant, where dominant factor was Resistance to change and culture with an RII value of 0.63. The results of this study could be used to help researchers, practitioners and companies in the Gujarat construction industry to fasten their attention on the suggestive issues to the prosperous implementation of the lean concept.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amade, B., Ononuju, C., Obodoh, D. A., And, & Okorie, C. (2019). Barriers to Lean Adoption for Construction Projects.

Aziz, R. F., & Hafez, S. M. (2013). Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52(4), 679–695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2013.04.008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2013.04.008

Bajjou, M. S., & Chafi, A. (2018). Lean construction implementation in the Moroccan construction industry: Awareness, benefits and barriers. Journal of Engineering Design and Technology, Volume 16, 533–556. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-02-2018-0031

Barriers to Implementation of Lean Principles in the Indian Construction Industry. (2014). International Journal of Engineering Research, 3(5), 4.

Bhatnagar, R., Kim, J., & E. Many, J. (2014). Candidate Surveys on Program Evaluation: Examining Instrument Reliability, Validity and Program Effectiveness. American Journal of Educational Research, 2(8), 683–690. https://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-8-18 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-8-18

Chan, D. W., & Kumaraswamy, M. M. (n.d.). A comparative study of causes of time overruns in Hong Kong construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 15(1), 55–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-7863(96)00039-7

Corbett, V. (n.d.). Construction Industry in India | Overview & Statistics | Maier+Vidorno. Maier and Vidorno. Retrieved March 26, 2021, from https://www.maiervidorno.com/industry-expertise/construction/

George, D. and P. Mallery. 2003. SPSS for Windows Step by Step: A Simple Guide and Reference. 11.0 update (4th ed.). Allyn& Bacon: Boston, MA.

Indian Real Estate Industry: Overview, Market Size, Growth, Investments...IBEF. (n.d.). Retrieved March 26, 2021, from https://www.ibef.org/industry/real-estate-india.aspx

Lean Design and Delivery. (n.d.). Coursera. Retrieved March 26, 2021, from https://www.coursera.org/learn/construction-project-management/home/week/2

Meadows, Dru. Designing out waste. Environmental Design & Construction. http://www.edcmag.com/articles/87434-designing-out-waste#comments (accessed July 29, 2011).

More, V. D., Charhate, D. S., & Sinha, M. (n.d.). Lean Construction Techniques in Indian Construction Industry: Some Analysis. 8.

Ogunbiyi, O. (n.d.). Implementation of the Lean Approach in Sustainable Construction: A Conceptual Framework. 412.

R, R., & Sukumar, S. (2017). AN OVERVIEW OF THE CONCEPT OF LEAN CONSTRUCTION AND THE BARRIERS IN ITS IMPLEMENTATION. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 4(3), 13–26. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v4.i3.2017.78 DOI: https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v4.i3.2017.78

Spata, S. (n.d.). Introduction to Lean in Design. 97.

Published
2021-04-12
How to Cite
Thakkar, H., & Shah, V. A. (2021). BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION OF LEAN CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES IN GUJARAT CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 8(4), 17-24. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v8.i4.2021.905