• Leticia J. Musese Department of Ecosystems and Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania
  • Samora M. Andrew Department of Ecosystems and Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania,
  • Deo D. Shirima Department of Ecosystems and Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania
  • Arne Witt 2Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International, P.O. Box 633-00621, Nairobi Kenya,
  • Ramadhan Kilewa Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, P.O. Box 3024 Arusha, Tanzania
Keywords: Dominant Species, Evenness, Invasive Weed, Richness


Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herbaceous plant native to tropical America; and an invasive plant in Africa causing distressing effects on natural flora. This study investigated the effects of P. hysterophorus on the composition and diversity of native herbaceous plant species in Simanjiro rangeland, Tanzania. Plant species count data were collected from 60 (1m2) quadrats. Using generalized linear models (GLM), the abundance of P. hysterophorus was regressed against the abundance and diversity of the native herbaceous plants. Also, Jaccard’s similarity index was used to compare species composition. Results showed that there were 14 herbaceous plant species belonging to 13 genera and 10 families in the study area. Parthenium hysterophorus was the most dominant species recorded. The abundance of P. hysterophorus has a substantial negative effect on the abundance and diversity of other herbaceous plant species. Moreover, Jaccard’s similarity index showed a slightly significant difference between the infested and non-infested areas. This finding suggests that P. hysterophorus has a substantial potential threat on other herbaceous flora which are sources of food and nutrients to livestock and wild animals in the area. Thus, integrated management strategies are required to control the weed from spreading to other nearby rangelands.


Download data is not yet available.


Andrew, M.S., Totland, O. and Moe, R.S. (2014). Invasion of the cosmopolitan species Echinochloa colona into herbaceous vegetation of a tropical wetland system. Journal of Ecological Research 29: 969-979.

Anil, K. (2014). Parthenium hysterophorus L. and its Impact on living World. Indian Journal of Science Research 4 (1): 08-14.

Ayele, S., Nigatu, L., Tana, T., Adkins, S.W. (2014). Impact of Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) on the above-ground and soil seed bank communities of rangelands in Southeast Ethiopia. Global Journal of Pest Diseases and Crop Protection. 2(1): 66-78.

Bekeko, Z. (2013). Status of Parthenium weed Parthenium hysterophorus L. and its control options in Ethiopia. Journal of Genetic and Environmental Resources Conservation 1 (3):177-184.

Belachew, K., and Tessema, T. (2015). Assessment of Weed Flora Composition in Parthenium Infested Area of East Shewa, Ethiopia. Malaysian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 2: 63-70.

Bhowmik, P. C., Sarkar, D. and Yaduraju, N. T. (2007). The status of Parthenium hysterophorus L. and its potential management. Ecoprint 14: 1-17pp.

Bhowmik, P.C. and Sarkar, D. (2005). Parthenium hysterophorus: Its world Status and Potential management. Proceeding of the Second International Conference on Parthenium Management, Bangalore, 5-7 Dec. 2005, 1-6.

Clark, K and Lotter, W. (2011). International Parthenium news. 1-11pp.

Curtis, J.T. and McIntosh, R.P. (1950). The Interrelations of Certain Analytic and Synthetic Phyto-Sociological Characters. Ecology 31: 434-455.

Dalip, K., Ahmed, J. and Singh, S. (2013). Distribution and effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. In Mehari sub-watershed of Rajouri Forest Range. International Journal of Scientific Research. 2(6):304-306.

Dogra1, K. S., Kohli, R.K. and Sood, S.K. (2009). An assessment and impact of three invasive species in the Shivalik hills of Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 1(1): 4-10.

Ehrenfeld, J. G. (2008). Exotic invasive species in urban wetlands: environmental correlates and implications for wetland management. Journal of Applied Ecology 45:1160-1169.

Etana, A., Kelbessa, E. and Soromessa, T. (2011). Impact of Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) on herbaceous plant biodiversity of Awash National Park (ANP), Ethiopia. Management of biological invasions 2:69-80.

Gebrehiwot, N. and Berhanu, L. (2015). Impact of Parthenium on species diversity in Gamo Gofa, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Science 5 (7): 226-231.

Grice, A.C., (2006). The impacts of invasive plant species on the biodiversity of Australian rangelands. The Rangeland Journal 28: 27–35.

Hejda,M., Pysek, P. and Jarosik,V.(2009). Impact of Invasive Plant on the species Richness, Diversity and Composition of Invaded Communities. Journal of Ecology 97: 393-403.

Hill, M.O. (1973). Diversity and evenness: A unifying notation and its consequences. Ecology 54: 427-249.

Huy, L.Q. and Seghal, R.N. (2004). Invasion of Parthenium hysterophorus in Chire-Pine Forests and Its allelopathic effects. Abstracts of an International Workshop on protocols and Methodologies in Allelopathy, April 2-4, 2004 in Palampur (HP) India. CSK HP Agriculture University of Palampur (HP) India: p. 52.

Khan, H., Marwat, K.B, Hssen, G., Khan, M.A. and Hashim. S. (2014). Distribution of Parthenium weed in Peshawar Valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46 (1): 81-90.

Kohli, K. R., Dogra, K.S., Daizy, R.B. and Singh, R.B. (2004). Impact of invasive plants on the structure and composition of natural vegetation of North-western India, Himalayas. Weed Technology 18: 1296-1300.

Kumari, P., Sahu. K.P., Soni, Y. M., and Awasthi, P. (2014). Impact of Parthenium hysterophorus L. Invasion on Species Diversity of Cultivated Fields of Bilaspur (C.G.) India. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5, 754-764. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/as.2014.58079

Ludwing, J.A. and Reyonlds, J.F. (1988). Statistical Ecology. Wiley inter Science, New York.111p

Mekonnen, G. (2017). Threats and Management Options of Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus l.) in Ethiopia. Agricultural Research and Technology 10 (5) 001-008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19080/ARTOAJ.2017.10.555798

Msoffe, F.U., Ogutu, J.O., Kaaya, J., Bedelian, C., Said, M.Y., Kifugo, S.C., Reid, R.S., Neselle, M, Van Gardingen, P. and Thirgood, S. (2010). Participatory wildlife surveys in communal lands: a case study from Simanjiro, Tanzania. Africa Journal of Ecology 48(3):727–735

Nyaruhucha, C.N.M., Musya, J.M., Mamiro, P.S. and Kerengi, A.J. (2006). Nutritional status and feeding practices of under five children in Simanjiro District, Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 8: 162-167.

Patel, S. (2011). Harmful and beneficial aspects of Parthenium hysterophorus: an update. Biotechnology 1:1-9.

Preisser, E.L., Lodge, A.L., Orwig, D.A. and Elkinton, J.S. (2008). Range expansion and population dynamics of co-occurring invasive herbivores. Biological Invasions 10:201–213.

Seta, T., Assefa, A., Mesfin, F. and Balca, A. (2013). Distribution status and the impact of Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) at Gedeo Zone (southern Ethiopia). African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(4) 386-397.

Shannon, C. E. (1948). The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 96 pp.

Simberloff, D. (2003). How much information on population biology is needed to manage introduced species? Conservation Biology 17: 83 –92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2003.02028.x

Simberloff, D. (2010). Invasive species. Conservation biology. 131-157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0008

Valéry, L., Bouchard, V., and Lefeuvre, J.C. (2004). Impact of the invasive native species Elymus athericus on carbon pools in a salt marsh. Wetlands 24: 268–276.

Veena, B.K. and Shivani, M. (2012). Biological utilities of Parthenium hysterophorus. Journal of Applied Natural Science 4 (1): 137-143.

Vila, M. and Weiner, J. (2004). Are invasive species better competitors than native plant species? Evidence from Pair-Wise Experiments. Oikos 105:229-238.

Yurkoins, K.A., Meiners, S.J. and Wachholder, B.E. (2005). Invasions Impacts Diversity through altered community Dynamics. Journal of Ecology 93: 1053-1061.

How to Cite
Musese, L. J., Andrew, S. M., Shirima, D. D., Witt, A., & Kilewa, R. (2020). EFFECTS OF THE ABUNDANCE OF PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS ON THE COMPOSITION AND DIVERSITY OF OTHER HERBACEOUS PLANT SPECIES IN SIMANJIRO RANGELAND, TANZANIA. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 7(5), 11-20. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i5.2020.631