• Kapil Keswani Department of ECE, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, India
  • Dr. Anand Bhaskar Department of ECE, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, India
Keywords: WSN, Flower Pollination Optimization, Genetic Algorithm, Region of Interest


Wireless sensor network (WSN) most popular area of research where lots of work done in this field. Energy efficiency is one of the most focusing areas because life time of network is most common issue. In the WSN, the node placement is very essential part for the proper communication between the sensor nodes and base station (BS). For better communication nodes should be aware about their own or neighbor node’s location. Better optimization of resources and performance improvement are the main concern for the WSN. Optimal techniques should be utilized to place the nodes at the best possible locations for achieving the desired goal. For node placement, flower pollination optimization and genetic algorithm are useful to generate better result. BS is responsible for the communication of nodes with each other and it should be reachable to nodes. For this Region of Interest (RoI) is helpful to choose the best location. Placement of BS in the middle is suitable place for the static nodes deployment and there should be other strategy for the dynamic environment. Nodes should be connected to each other for the transmission of data from the source to BS properly. From the MATLAB simulation, it has been shown that the proposed methodology improves the network performance in terms of dead nodes, energy remaining and various packets sent to BS.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul Shikalgar Isaq, Dixit M.R, “Energy optimized data routing in wireless Sensor Network”,978-1-4799-7678-2/15©2015 IEEE.

Bochem Arne, Yuan Yali, Hogrefe Dieter, “Tri-MCL: Synergistic Localization for Mobile Adhoc and Wireless Sensor Networks”, © 2016, Arne Bochem. Under license to IEEE.333 DOI 10.1109/LCN.2016.61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LCN.2016.61

Bouachir Ons, Mnaouer Adel Ben, Touati Farid, Cresciniy Damiano, “Opportunistic Routing and Data Dissemination Protocol for Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks”, 978-1-5090- 2914-3/16©2016 IEEE.

Fang Zhen, Zhao Zhan, et al., “Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks with Known Coordinate Database,” EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Volume 2010, Article ID 901283, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/901283

H.R. Roopashree, Kanavalli Dr. Anita, “STREE: A Secured Tree based Routing with Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Network”, 978-1-4799-7623-2/15/ 2015 IEEE.

Heinzelman W., Chandrakasan A. and Balakrishnan H., "Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Mi- crosensor Networks," Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS '00), January

Jamin Benazir Salma Mainak, Chatterjee, Samanta Tuhina, “Extensive Game Model for Concurrent Routing in Wireless Sensor Network”, 978-1-4673-7910-6/15©20 15 IEEE.

Khera Sonam, Mehla Dr. Neelam, Kaur Dr. Navdeep, “Applications and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks”, DOI 10.17148/IJARCCE.2016.5694.

Kulik J., Heinzelman W., and Balakrishnan H., "Negotiation-based protocols for disseminating information in wireless sensor networks", Wireless Networks, vol. 8, no. 2/3, Mar. May 2002, pp. 169- 185. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013715909417

Liaqat M., Javaid N., Akbar M., Khan Z. A., Ali L., Hafizah S., Ghani A., “HEX Clustering Protocol for Routing in Wireless Sensor Network”, 1550-445X/14 © 2014 IEEE. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/AINA.2014.67

Mezouary Ridouane El, Houmz Abdellah, Jalil Jamila, Koutbi Mohammed El, “PRoPHETRAIP5: A New Approach to Secure Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, 978-1-4673-8224- 3/15/ 2015 IEEE. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WINCOM.2015.7381307

Zheng Wei Di, Luo, “Routing in wireless sensor network using Artificial Bee Colony algorithm”, 978-1-4799-7091-9/14 © 2014 IEEE.

How to Cite
Keswani, K., & Bhaskar, D. A. (2018). FLOWER POLLINATION AND GENETIC ALGORITHM BASED OPTIMIZATION FOR NODE DEPLOYMENT IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 5(2), 281-293. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v5.i2.2018.658