• Dr. Deepti Dilip Shinde Assistant Professor (HR) Institute of Management Studied and Research, Mumbai, India
Keywords: Authentic Leadership, General Wellbeing and Subordinate Wellbeing


A leader may try various approaches to lead and manage an organization that helps to formulate strategy, adopt the positive direction and motivation, and above all lead to subordinate wellbeing. In the current study, an attempt is made to study the impact of the authentic leadership of the leaders on the subordinate wellbeing. The current study adopted a survey method to test the hypotheses. Authentic Leadership was measured by a 16-item scale developed by Avolio, Gardner and Walumbwa (2007). General Wellbeing was measured by a 19-item scale developed by Dupuy (1970). The data were collected from a sample of 315 respondents from the organization of the Petroleum Industry. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used to assist both quantitative and qualitative data analysis and maintained the transparency and credibility of the research. The results revealed the significant correlation between the authentic leadership of the leaders and subordinate wellbeing in the Petroleum Industry.


Download data is not yet available.


Avolio, B. (2007). Promoting More Integrative Strategies For Leadership Theory-Building. American Psychologist, 62(1), 25-33. DOI:

Avolio, B., & Gardner, W. (2005). Authentic Leadership Development: Getting To The Root Of Positive Forms Of Leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315-338. DOI:

Avolio, B., Gardner, W., Walumbwa, F., Luthans, F., & May, D. (2004). Unlocking The Mask: A Look At The Process By Which Authentic Leaders Impact Follower Attitudes And Behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(6), 801-823. DOI:

Avolio, B., & Luthans, F. (2006). The High Impact To Leader: Authentic, Resilient Leadership That Gets Results And Sustains Growth. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.

Avolio, B., Luthans F., & Walumba, F.O. (2004). Authentic Leadership: Theory Building For Veritable Sustained Performance. Working Paper: Gallup Leadership Institute, University Of Nebraska- Lincoln, Ne, United States.

Avolio, B., Gardner, W., & Walumbwa, F. (2007). Authentic Leadership Questionnaire. DOI:

Barnard, C. (1938). The Functions Of The Executive. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 3-290.

Bass, B.M. (1990). Bass And Stogdill’s Handbook Of Leadership: Theory, Research And Managerial Applications. New York: Free Press.

Begley, P. (2001). In Pursuit Of Authentic School Leadership Practices. International Journal Of Leadership In Education, 4(4), 353-365. DOI:

Bekker, C. (2012). Second Dsl Residency. Virginia Beach, Va: Regent University.

Blake, R.R., & Mouton, J.S. (1964). The Managerial Grid. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.

Cambridge Dictionary (2016). Definition Of “Well-Being” From The Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press.

Cooper, C.D., Scadura, T.A., & Schriesheim, C.A. (2005). Looking Forward But Learning From Our Past: Potential Challenges To Developing Authentic Leadership Theory And Authentic Leaders. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 475-493. DOI:

Crossan, M., Lane, H., & White, R. (1999). An Organizational Learning Framework: From Intuition To Institution. Academy Of Management Review, 24, 522-538. DOI:

Danna, K., & Griffin, W.R. (1999). Health And Well-Being In The Workplace: A Review And Synthesis Of The Literature. Journal Of Management, 25(3), 357-384. DOI:

Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination In Human Behavior. New York: Plenum. DOI:

Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1995). Human Autonomy: The Basis For True Self-Esteem. In Kernis, M.H. (Ed.), Efficacy, Agency And Self-Esteem, 31-49. New York: Plenum Press.

Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). “What” And “Why” Of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs And The Self-Determination Of Behaviour. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268. DOI:

Dupuy, H. (1970). General Well-Being Schedule For The National Center For Health Statistics. Dhew Pub. No. (Hra), 74-1214.

Erickson, R.J. (1995). The Importance Of Authenticity For Self And Society. Symbolic Interaction, 18(2), 121-144. DOI:

Gardner, W., Avolio, B., Luthans, F., May, D., & Walumbwa, F. (2005). Can You See The Real Me? A Self-Based Model of Authentic Leader And Follower Development. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 343-372. DOI:

George, B. (2003). Authentic Leadership: Rediscovering The Secrets To Creating Lasting Value, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.

George, B. (2007). True North. San Francisco, Ca: Jossey-Bates.

George, B., Sims, P., Mclean, A.N., & Mayer, D. (2007). Discovering Your Authentic Leadership. Harvard Business Review, 85(2), 129-138.

Harter, S. (2002). Authenticity. In C.R. Snyder & S. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook Of Positive Psychology. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and Time. New York: Harper and Row.

Ilies. R., Morgeson. F.P. & Nahrgang, J.D. (2005). Authentic Leadership and Eudaemonic WellBeing: Understanding Leader-Follower Outcomes, the Leadership Quarterly, 16(3), 373-394. DOI:

Kellett, B.J., Humphrey, H.R., & Sleeth, G.R. (2006). Empathy And The Emergence Of Task And Relations Leaders. Leadership Quarterly, 17, 146-162. DOI:

Kernis, M. H. (2003). Toward A Conceptualization of Optimal Self-Esteem. Psychological Inquiry, 14(1), 1-26. DOI:

Kipnis, D., Price, K., Schmidt, S., & Stitt, C. (1981). Why I Do Like Thee: Is It Your Performance Or My Orders? Journal of Applied Psychology, 66, 324-328. DOI:

Luthans, F. (2002). Organizational Behavior: An Evidence-Based Approach. Mcgraw-Hill/Irwin, A Business Unit Of The Mcgraw-Hill Companies.

Luthans, F., & Avolio, B. (2003). Authentic Leadership: A Positive Developmental Approach. In: K. S. Cameron, J.E. Dutton, & R.E. Quinn, (Eds.): Positive Organizational Scholarship, San Francisco, and Barrett-Koehler.

Luthans, F., & Avolio, B. (2009). The “Point” Of Positive Organizational Behaviour. Journal Of Organizational Behavior, 30(2), 291-307. DOI:

Maurik, J.V. (2001). Writers on Leadership. London: Penguin Books.

May, D.R., Chan, A.Y.L., Hodges, T.D., & Avolio, B.J. (2003). Developing The Moral Component Of Authentic Leadership, “Organizational Dynamics”. Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Oxford English Dictionary (2005). Definition Of “Well-Being” From The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2001). On Happiness And Human Potential: A Review Of Research On Hedonic And Eudaemonic Well-Being. Annual Review Of Psychology, 52, 141-166. DOI:

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2003). On Assimilating Identities To The Self: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective On Internalization And Integrity Within Cultures. In M.R. Leary & J.P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook Of Self And Identity, 253-272. New York: Guilford.

Sharma Robin (2012). 10 Things Authentic Leaders Do. Holden Leadership Center; University Of Oregon.

Shri, R. (2007). Well-Being And Alternative Therapies. In R. Singh, & R. Shyam (Eds.), Psychology Of Well-Being, 381-389. New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House.

Sumner, L.W. (1996). Welfare, Happiness, And Ethics. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Tannenbaum, R., & Schmidt, W. (1958). How to Choose A Leadership Pattern. Harvard Business Review 36(2), 95-101.

Terry, R. W. (1993). Authentic Leadership: Courage in Action. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Tiberius, V., & Hall, A. (2010). Normative Theory and Psychological Research: Hedonism, Eudaimonism and Why It Matters. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 212-225. DOI:

Toor, S.R., & Ofori, G. (2008a). Leadership for Future In Construction Industry: Agenda For Authentic Leadership Development. International Journal of Project Management, 26(6), 620-630. DOI:

Wilcock, A.A., Van Der Arend, H., Darling, K., Scholz, J., Siddall, R., & Snigg, C. (1998). An Exploratory Study of People's Perceptions and Experiences of Wellbeing. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61, 75-82. DOI:

Wright, T.A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological Well-Being and Job Satisfaction as Predictors of Job Performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 84-94. DOI:

Yukl, G. (2006). Leadership In Organizations. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, Nj.

Zaccaro, S.J., Kemp, C., & Bader, P. (2004). Leader Traits and Attributes. The Nature of Leadership, 101-124. Thousand Oaks, Ca, Us, Sage Publications, Inc

How to Cite
Shinde, D. (2018). THE IMPACT OF THE AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP OF THE LEADERS ON THE SUBORDINATE WELLBEING: IN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 5(11), 49-60.