SEASONAL VARIATION OF AMINOACIDS AND CARBOHYDRATES IN HAEMOLYMPH OF SPODOPTERA LITURA FABRICIUS (LEPIDOP TERA: NOCTUIDAE) FED WITH DIFFERENT HOST PLANTS
Spodoptera litura, an important polyphagous pest, causes serious threat to a large number of economically important crops all over the world. In the present study, the quantitative analysis of aminoacids and carbohydrates in haemolymph of the last instar larvae of Spodoptera litura fed with five different host plant leaves was carried out. A comparative study of the biochemical components in the selected host plant leaves was also carried out. The data obtained were statistically analysed using one-way ANOVA (P<0.01). The results revealed that there was a significant variation in the concentration of these biochemical components in haemolymph with respect to the feeding material and with seasonal variation.
Boender, Ronald. "The first commercial butterfly farm and public exhibition in the United States." Florida Entomologist 1995, 36-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3495664
Wyatt, G. R. The biochemistry of sugars and polysaccharides in insects. Advanced Insect Physiology., 4, 1967, 287-360. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2806(08)60210-6
Mullins, D.E.Chemistry and physiology of the haemolymph. In Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology (Eds. Kerkut, G.A. and Gilbert, L.I.), Vol.3, . 1985, 355-400. Pergamon press, Oxford.
Lee, Y. P., and Takahashi, T.. An improved colorimetric determination of amino acids with the use of ninhydrin. Anal biochem., 14(1), 1966, 71-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(66)90057-1
Plummer, T. H. A simplified method for determination of amino sugars in glycoproteins. Anal biochem., 73(2), 1976. 532-534. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(76)90203-7
Raubenheimer, D. and Simpson, S.J. Nutrient transfer functions: the site of integration between feeding behaviour and nutritional physiology. Chemoecology.,8(2), 1998, 61-68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00001805
Yeoh, H.H., Wee, Y.C. and Watson, L. Leaf protein contents and amino acid patterns of dicotyledonous plants. Biochem. Syst .Ecol.,20, 1992,657–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(92)90022-6
Sattelmacher, B., Horst, W.J. and Becker, H.C. Factors that contribute to genetic-variation for nutrient efficiency of crop plants. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde.,157, 1994,215–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.19941570309
Mattson Jr.,W.J. Herbivory in relation to plant nitrogen content. Ann.Rev. Ecol.Sys.,11 1980, 119– 161. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.11.110180.001003
Felton, G.W. Nutritive quality of plant protein: sources of variation and insect herbivore responses.Arch Insect Biochem Physiol.,32, 1996,107–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6327(1996)32:1<107::AID-ARCH7>3.0.CO;2-X
Walter, J., Hein R., Auge H., Beierkuhnlein C., Loffler S., Reifenrath K., Schadler M., Weber M., and Jentsch A.How do extreme drought and plant community composition affect host plant metabolites and herbivore performance? Arthropod PlantInteract 6, 2012,15–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-011-9157-0
Mankin,R.W., Shuman.D and Weaver, D.K. Thermal treatments to increase acoustic detectability of Sitophilusoryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored grain.J.Econ.Entomol.,92, 1999,453- 462. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/92.2.453
Taveras,R., Hilje, L., and Carballo, M. Development of Hypsipylagrandella Zeller(Lepidoptera:Pyralidae) in response to constant temperat- ures. Neotropical Entomol., 33(1),2004, 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2004000100002
Mullins, D.E. Chemistry and physiology of the haemolymph. In ComprehensiveInsect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology (Eds. Kerkut, G.A. and Gilbert, L.I.), Vol.3, 1985, 355-400. Pergamon press, Oxford.
Bernays, E.A and Chapman, R.F. Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. 1994, New York (NY): Chapman and Hall. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/b102508
Copyright (c) 2018 T.P Najiya Beegum, K.R. Ranjini
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section