THE UTILIZATION OF BAY LEAF (SyzygiumpolyanthumWalp) FLOUR IN FEED ON CARCASS QUALITY, MICROFLORA INSTESTINE OF BROILER

  • Sjofjan O. Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • Adli D.N. Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • Hanani P.K. Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • Sulistiyaningrum D. Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Keywords: Bay Leaf, Broiler, Carcass, Microflora

Abstract

The research purpose was to determine the utilization of bay meal (SyzygiumpolyanthumWalp) microflora, and carcass quality of broiler. The research method was used completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates. The materials used for this research were 80 unsex 15 days old with average body weight 307.725±22.17 g/head. The treatments used for research were dietary with T0 (basal feed), T1 (basal feed + 1% bay leaf meal), T2 (basal feed + 2% bay leaf meal), T3 (basal feed + 3% bay leaf meal), T4 (basal feed + 4% bay leaf meal). The parameters observed were intestinal characteristic bacteria (lactic acid bacteria, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella sp.) and (carcass percentage, abdominal fat, organ visceral weight, breast meat cholesterol). The data analysis was the analysis of variance (anova) and continued by Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that using bay leaf effect as in feed has significant difference (P<0.05) on lactic acid bacteria and Escherichia coli and significantly different (P<0.01) (breast meat cholesterol) but didn’t significant difference (P>0.05) on carcass percentage, abdominal fat and organ visceral weight. The addition of 4% bay leaf gave the best effect on microflora, and breast cholesterol quality of broiler.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gowreesh, S., Sreenivasalu Reddy, N. and Yogananda Murthy, NV. Convective Heat Transfer Analysis of a Aero Gas Turbine Blade Using Ansys, International Journal of Mechanics and Solids. 4, 2009, 39-46.

B. Deepanraj, P. Lawrence, G. Sankaranarayanan, Theoretical analysis of gas turbine blade by Finite element method, Scientific World, Vol. 9, No. 9, July 2011, 29-33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3126/sw.v9i9.5514

Gurrappa, I. V. S. Yashwanth, A. K. Gogia, The Behaviour of Superalloys in Marine Gas Turbine Engine Conditions, Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 1, 2011, 144-149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jsemat.2011.13022

Brooks CR. Heat treatment, structure and properties of nonferrous alloys. New York: ASM; 1984, 139–228.

Huda Z. Development of heat-treatment process for a P/M superalloy for turbine blades. Mater 28(5), Des 2007; 1664–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2006.03.026

Boyce MP., The gas turbine handbook. 2nd ed. Houston, Texas: Gulf Professional Publishing; 2002, 411.

Afdora, P.T., T. Ardiyati, O. Sjofjan, and U. Kulsum. 2010. Potential antibacterial compounds of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from quail intestine (Coturnix japonica) in inhibition growth of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. J. Trop. Life. Sci. 1(1): 28-31.

Amerah, A.M. and V. Ravindran. 2008. Influence of method of whole-wheat feeding on the performance, digestive tract development and carcass traits of broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology 147: 326-339.

zizah, A. 2004. SensitivitasSalmonella Typhimuriumterhadaptepungdaunpsidiumguajava l. Bioscientiae 1(1) : 31-8.

Chan, W, J.M Brown, S. Church, D. Buss. 1995. Meat, poultry and game. Supplement to mccane and widdowson’s, the composition of foods. Publishing by the Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food, London.

Crespo, N. and E.E. Garcia. 2001. Dietary fatty acid profile modifies abdominal fat deposition in broiler chickens. Poul. Sci. 80: 71-78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.1.71

Daud, M., W.G. Piliangdan I.P. Kompiang. 2007. Persentasedankualitaskarkasayampedaging yang diberiprobiotikdanprebiotikdalamransum. JITV 12 (3): 167-174.

Dewanti, S. dan M.T. Wahyudi. 2011. Antibacteri activity of bay leaf infuse (folia syzygiumpolyanthumwight) to Escherichia coli In-Vitro. J. Med. Pla. 1(4): 78-81.

Garipoglu, A. V., G. Erener and N. Ocak. 2005. Voluntary intake of insoluble granite-grit offered in free choice by broilers: its effect on their digestive tract traits and performances. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 2006. 19 (4): 549-553.

Hamiyanti, A.A., B. Sutomo, A.F. Rozi, Y. Adnyonodan R. Darajat. 2013. Pengaruhpenambahantepungkemangi (ocimumbasilicum) terhadapkomposisikimiadankualitasfisikdaging broiler. JIIP. 23 (1): 25-29.

Hermana, W., D. Puspitasari, K.G. Wiryawandan S. Suharti. 2008. Pemberiantepungdaunsalam [syzgiumpolyanthum (wight) walp.] dalampakansebagaibahanantibakteriEscheria coli Terhadap Organ dalamAyam Broiler. Med. Pet. 31 (1): 63-70.

Lumpkins, B.S., A. B. Batal, and M. Lee. 2008. The effect of gender on the bacterial community in the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Poul. Sci. 87: 964-967. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00287

Mahata, M.E., A. Dharma, I. Ryanto and Y. Rizal. 2008. Effect of substituting shrimp waste hydrolysate of penaeusmerguensis for fish meal in broiler performance. Pakistan J. of Nut. 7 (6): 806-810.

Mide, M. Z. 2013. Penampilan broiler yang mendapatkanpakanmengandungtepungdaunkatuk, rimpangkunyit, dankombinasinya. J. Teknosains. 7 (1): 40-46.

Mozin, S., D. Rosyidi, O. Sjofjan, and E. Widodo. 2015. The effect of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) by-product as an antibacterial and alternative phytobotic on characteristics of small intestine of broiler. Livstck. Rsch. for rural dev. 27(4):1-8.

Natsir, M.H., Hartutik, O. Sjofjan, E. Widodo, and E.S. Widyastuti. 2012. Use of acifiers and herb-acidifier combinations with encapsulated and non-encapulatedinstestinalmicroflora, instestinal histological, and serum characteristics in broiler. AIP Conf. Proc. 1844.

Natsir, M.H., Hartutik, O. Sjofjan, and E. Widodo. 2012. Effect of either powder or encapsulated form of garlic and Phyllanthusniruri L. mixture on broiler performance, instestinal characteristics and intestinal microflora. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 12(11): 676-680.

North J.N and Bell D.D. 1990. Commercial chicken production manual. Edisi ke-4.Van Nostrand Reinhold. New York.

National Reseach Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. Ninth revised edition. National academy press. Washington, D.C.

Sjofjan, O., and T. Ardyati. 2011. Extracellular amylase activity of amylolytic bacteria isolated from quail (Coturnix japonica) intestinal tract in corn flour medium. Int. J. Poul. Sci. 10(5): 411-415.

Sjofjan, O., E. Widodo, and V.A. Soffa. 2012. Pengaruhpenggunaanfitobiotikdalambentuktanpadanterenkapsulasisebagaiaditifpakanterhadapaktivitasenzimususayampedaging. JIIP.

Sjofjan, O., M.H. Natsir, dan D.Y. Primacitra. 2014 PengaruhPenambahanProbiotik (Lactobacillus sp) dalampakanterhadapenergimetabolis, kecernaan protein, danaktivitasenzimburungpuyuh. J. TernakTropika. 15(1):74-79.

Sjofjan, O., M. H. Natsir, dan T. Ardianti. 2015. Efekpenggunaanprobiotikkulturcampurandalam air minumterhadapkarakteristikdanmikrofloraususayampetelur. J. Ilmiah Bio. 1:52-58.

Salam, S., A. Fatahilah, D. SunartidanIsroli. 2013. Beratkarkasdanlemak abdominal ayam broiler yang diberitepungjintanhitam (nigella sativa) dalampakanselamamusimpanas. Sains Pet. 11 (2): 84-89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20961/sainspet.v11i2.4844

Steel, R.G.D. dan J.H. Torrie. 1992. Principles and procedures statistics. 2nd edition. Mcgraw-Hill. Singapore.

Suharti, S., A. Banowati, W. Hermana, dan K. G Wiryawan. 2008. Komposisidankandungankolesterolkarkasayam broiler diare yang diberitepungdaunsalam (syzygiumpolyanthumwight) dalampakan. Med. Pet. 31 (2): 138-145.

Talebali, H. and A. Farzinpour. 2005. Effect of different levels of full-fat canola seed as a replacement for soybean meal on the performance of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4: 982-985. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2005.982.985

Widodo, E. 2010. Nutrisidanteknikpemeliharaanayamorganik. Cetakanpertama. UB Press. Malang.

Wiryawan, K.G., S. Luvianti, W. Hermana, dan S. Suharti. 2007. Peningkatanperformaayam broiler dengan suplementasidaunsalam [syzygiumpolyanthum (wight) walp] sebagaiantibakteri Escherichia coli. Med. Pet. 30(1): 55-62.

Published
2019-11-30
How to Cite
Sjofjan O., Adli D.N., Hanani P.K., & Sulistiyaningrum D. (2019). THE UTILIZATION OF BAY LEAF (SyzygiumpolyanthumWalp) FLOUR IN FEED ON CARCASS QUALITY, MICROFLORA INSTESTINE OF BROILER . International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 6(11), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.29121/ijetmr.v6.i11.2019.458