TREND ANALYSIS OF LAND UTILIZATION IN BANGLADESH
Keywords:Trend, Growth, Land, Utilization, Cultivable
Due to alterations in physiographic and social-economic conditions, climatic changes, adaptation and population growth, the land utilization of Bangladesh is changing very rapidly. Small farms and landless household constitute about 80% of total area households, the majority of whom depend on agriculture for their livelihood. It is obvious that total agriculture land over the periods in the past has not increased although population has increased significantly . Bangladesh is a small country but it bears a huge population, resulting in a very high density of population and very high intensity of land and resource use. Based on secondary data of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, an attempt has been made in this paper to evaluate the changes in land use pattern during the period of 1990 to 2015. Absolute utilization of land for different purposes during this period as well as trend values and growth rates were estimated. Trend analysis and exponential growth rate showed that forest area significantly increased by 35.93% and 0.3% per annum and land not available for cultivation is significantly decreased by 4.49% and 0.04%per annum respectively. Result also show that cultivate waste is significantly decreased at the rate of 1.1% per annum. On the other hand, a current fallow is decreased by 0.2% per annum. The trend values was found statistically significant for land use in forest and cultivate waste.
Planning Commission of Bangladesh. Population and Housing Census, Preliminary Result of 2011; Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS): Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2014. Available online: http://220.127.116.11/WebTestApplication/userfiles/Image/National%20Reports/SED_REPORT _Vol-4.pdf (accessed on 30 December 2012).
Ram R and Kolakar S. 1993. The Future of Our Land: Facing the Challenge. Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Vink RK. 1975. A framework for land evolution. www.mpl.fr/creat/tallercolumbia/ FAO/AGLL/pdf. docs.
Di Gregorio CM and Jansen J. 1998. A new concept for a land covers classification system. Land 2(1): 55-58.
Lillesand TM and Kiefer RW. 2002. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York.
Islam M.R. and Hassan M.Z.2011.Land use changing pattern and challenges for Agricultural land: a study on Rajshahi district. J. Life Earth Sci., Vol. 6: 69-74, 2011.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). 2016. Year Book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Planning, Government of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Mahbub A. 2003. Agricultural land loss and food security: An assessment. IRRI, Manila, The Philippines.
Bhuiyan M. 2003. Has urbanization caused agricultural land loss? The Daily Star, November 1 2003.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). 2011. Year Book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Planning, Government of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Planning Commission 2009. Steps Towards Change – National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II (Revised). FY 2009-11. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
W. M. H. Jaim and Rabeya Begum (2003), “Changes in Land Use Pattern in Bangladesh Over the Last Two Decades”, Bangladesh J. Agric. Econs XXVI, 1& 2(2003) 87-96.
Bangladesh, National Encyclopedia Bangladesh. www.banglapedia.org
How to Cite
License and Copyright Agreement
In submitting the manuscript to the journal, the authors certify that:
- They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- The work described has not been formally published before, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis, or overlay journal.
- That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- That its release has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- They secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere.
- They agree to the following license and copyright agreement.
Authors who publish with International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
For More info, please visit CopyRight Section